Risques physiques : nouveautés

Risques physiquesLes nouvelles ressources traitant des risques physiques incluent : une série de vidéos démontrant des pratiques sécuritaires dans les cuisines, des principes d’aménagement pour réduire le bruit dans les hôpitaux, et trois recherches sur des expositions professionnelles et leurs conséquences : au bruit, aux champs électromagnétiques des équipements médicaux, et chez les technologues en médecine nucléaire.

La plupart des documents sont disponibles en accès ouvert; les deux documents comportant une icône de cadenas bleu proviennent de ressources pour lesquelles 91px-Lock-blue.svgl’ASSTSAS ou un autre centre du réseau de la CNESST a un abonnement.

Prévention dans les services alimentaires

Kitchen Safety : 7 videos from WorkSafeBC[Youtube Playlist]
Source : Kitchen Safety , avril 2018

Plus de 60% des blessures dans le domaine de l’alimentation impliquent le personnel des cuisines. Cette série de vidéos de WorkSafe BC démontre, dans des capsules claires et faciles à regarder, les bonnes techiques pour utiliser les équipements et réaliser des tâches communes en cuisine. Pour chaque sujet, des chefs cuisiniers de la Colombie-Britannique offrent des trucs et des leçons apprises de leurs propre expériences. La série inclut les titres suivants : Focusing on safety, Preventing cuts from knives, Preventing cuts from meat slicers, Preventing burns and scalds, Using deep fryers safely, Preventing slips, trips and falls, Preventing lifting injuries.

Réduction du bruit

Design strategies for noise reduction
Source : Health facilities management , mai 2018

Although a hospital is a healing environment, it is also a functioning one. For the patient’s safety, clinicians need to communicate, alarms need to sound, and equipment and staff must move throughout corridors. “Designers can’t eliminate activity or noise, and materials can only do so much to absorb it,” says Dawn Thornton, registered architect and senior associate, CBRE | Heery, Philadelphia. “But what they can do is design a physical environment that disperses noise, limits its duration and contains it.”

Expositions professionnelles

Cardiovascular conditions, hearing difficulty, and occupational noise exposure within US industries and occupations
91px-Lock-blue.svgSource : American Journal of Industrial Medicine 61(6), juin 2018

The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of occupational noise exposure, hearing difficulty and cardiovascular conditions within US industries and occupations, and to examine any associations of these outcomes with occupational noise exposure. Using National Health Interview Survey data from 2014, the study found that twenty-five percent of current workers had a history of occupational noise exposure (14% exposed in the last year), 12% had hearing difficulty, 24% had hypertension, 28% had elevated cholesterol; 58%, 14%, and 9% of these cases can be attributed to occupational noise exposure, respectively. Authors conclude that hypertension, elevated cholesterol, and hearing difficulty are more prevalent among noise-exposed workers. Reducing workplace noise levels is critical. Workplace-based health and wellness programs should also be considered.

Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields from medical sources
Source : Industrial Health 56(2), janvier 2018

High exposures to electromagnetic fields (EMF) can occur near certain medical devices in the hospital environment. A systematic assessment of medical occupational EMF exposure could help to clarify where more attention to occupational safety may be needed. This paper seeks to identify sources of high exposure for hospital workers and compare the published exposure data to occupational limits in the European Union.

Work history and radioprotection practices in relation to cancer incidence and mortality in US radiologic technologists performing nuclear medicine procedures
91px-Lock-blue.svgSource : Occup Environ Med , mai 2018

Technologists working in nuclear medicine (NM) are exposed to higher radiation doses than most other occupationally exposed populations. The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of cancer in NM technologists in relation to work history, procedures performed and radioprotection practices. From the US Radiologic Technologists cohort study, 72 755 radiologic technologists who completed a 2003–2005 questionnaire were followed for cancer mortality through 31 December 2012 and for cancer incidence through completion of a questionnaire in 2012–2013. Multivariable-adjusted models were used to estimate HRs for total cancer incidence and mortality by history of ever performing NM procedures and frequency of performing specific diagnostic or therapeutic NM procedures and associated radiation protection measures by decade. Frequency of performing diagnostic or therapeutic NM procedures and use of radioprotection measures were not consistently associated with cancer risk. No clear associations were observed for specific cancers, but results were based on small numbers. Authors conclude that cancer incidence and mortality were not associated with NM work history practices, including greater frequency of procedures performed.

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