COIN DE LA DOCUMENTALISTE – OCTOBRE 2017

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ACCIDENTS DE TRAVAIL

  • The study assessed the impact of mindfulness training on occupational safety of hospital health care workers. The study used a randomized waitlist-controlled trial design to test the effect of an 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) course on self-reported health care worker safety outcomes, measured at baseline, postintervention, and 6 months later. The results showed that mindfulness training may potentially decrease occupational injuries of health care workers.

    Source: Valley, Morgan Anne, & Stallones, Lorann. (2017). JOEM: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001090

ADMINISTRATION DE LA SANTÉ

  • The importance of interpersonal behavior at the workplace is increasingly recognized in the health care industry and related literature. An unresolved issue in the existing health care research is how a climate of courteous interpersonal behavior may form the foundation for strong hospital care performance. The aim of this study was to test the link between a climate of courteous interpersonal behavior, termed « civility climate, » and hospital care performance. We conceptualize a multidimensional model of care performance by contrasting two dimensions: performance as perceived by employees and performance as perceived by patients. Furthermore, for both performance perspectives, we test an intermediate variable (error orientation climate) that may explain the relationship between civility climate and hospital care performance.

    Source: Oppel, Eva-Maria, Mohr, David C., Benzer, & Justin K. (2017). Health Care Management Review. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/HMR.0000000000000178

  • Since the publication of the Institute of Medicine’s groundbreaking report « To Err is Human » in 2000, patient safety has become a key health care issue, driving decision-making and policy formulation in virtually every sector of the health care system. In 2008, Berwick stated that the US health care system could only be improved if it focused on three aims: (1) improving the experience of patient care; (2) improving the health of populations; and (3) reducing per capita costs of health care. More recently, a new topic has begun to emerge: the health and safety of those who deliver health care—from physicians and nurses to administrative and service personnel—and how that can impact the health and safety of patients. It is becoming clear that workers in this high stress, demanding sector are themselves prone to a wide variety of health risks, ranging from musculoskeletal issues to depression and burnout. This burnout and dissatisfaction among health care workers compromises the goals of the triple aim. Therefore, there is a need to expand the triple aim into the quadruple aim, which includes the goal of improving the work life and well-being of health care providers.

    Source: Loeppke, Ronald, Boldrighini, Jodie, Bowe, John, Braun, Barbara, Eggins, Erik, Eisenberg, Barry S….Yarbrough, Mary. (2017). JOEM: Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, 59(8), 803-813. (ACOEM Position Statement). Repéré à http://www.acoem.org/uploadedFiles/Public_Affairs/Policies_And_Position_Statements/Guidelines/Position_Statements/Interaction_of_Health_Care_Worker_Health_and.17.pdf

  • The authors performed an integrated cross-sectional analysis of relationships between long term care work environments, employee and resident satisfaction, and quality of patient care. The results showed that facilities in the better-performing cluster were found to have better patient care outcomes and resident satisfaction; lower rates of workers compensation claims; better SRHP performance; higher employee retention; and greater worker job satisfaction and engagement.

    Source: Boakye-Dankwa, Ernest, Teeple, Erin, Gore, Rebecca, & Punnett, Laura. JOEM: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001163

AGRESSIONS ET VIOLENCE

  • De-escalation is the recommended first-line response to potential violence and aggression in healthcare settings. Related scholarly activity has increased exponentially since the 1980s, but there is scant research about its efficacy and no guidance on what constitutes the gold standard for practice. The purpose of this study is to clarify the concept of de-escalation of violence and aggression as described within the healthcare literature.

    Source: Hallett, Nutmeg, & Dickens, Geoffrey L. (2017). International Journal of Nursing Studies, 75, 10-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2017.07.003

  • In October, a man brought a firearm into the emergency department of Soldiers’ Memorial Hospital in Middleton, N.S., and was behaving erratically. He was charged with possession of a firearm while prohibited, unauthorized possession of a rifle and careless use of a firearm. In March 2015, a man viciously attacked a nurse in the emergency department at the Abbotsford Regional Hospital in British Columbia. The nurse suffered trauma to the head and face and needed stitches around the eye. In October 2014, a mentally ill patient stabbed a nurse multiple times in the head and neck at the Brockville Mental Health Centre in Ontario, leaving her seriously injured. Incidents like these are becoming more and more common across the health-care spectrum in Canada, including acute care, long-term care and community care. In B.C., claims related to acts of workplace violence have been steadily increasing over the last six years and nurses (including aides and health-care assistants) accounted for more than 40 per cent of all violence-related injuries, according to WorkSafeBC.

    Source: Silliker, Amanda. (August/September 2017). Canadian Occupational Safety, 55(4), 18-20. http://www.cos-mag.com/psychological-health-safety/34266-health-care-workers-victims-of-physical-violence-more-now-than-ever-before/

AMIANTE

  • Outre les pathologies broncho-pulmonaires bien connues liées à l’exposition à l’amiante, d’autres pathologies cancéreuses sont désormais considérées comme liées à l’amiante : le cancer du larynx et le cancer de l’ovaire. Une interrogation planait sur le cancer de l’estomac, du côlon, et du rectum jusqu’à ce qu’une publication du Professeur Christophe Paris mette clairement en évidence un risque accru de cancer colorectal chez les travailleurs de l’amiante. Cette étude a permis en outre de faire le lien entre la présence de plaques pleurales et le risque de décès par cancer broncho-pulmonaire après prise en compte du tabagisme, mais aussi d’établir le fait que la présence de plaques pleurales soit un facteur de risque de mésothéliome indépendamment des autres facteurs.

    Source: Barruyer, C. (21 septembre 2017). CAMIP.info: revue de la santé au travail. Repéré à http://www.camip.info/nous-avons-lu-pour-vous/pathologie-du-travail/maladies-professionnelles-et-a/agents-physiques/article/amiante-la-recherche-se-poursuit

  • L’objectif de cette formation est d’améliorer les connaissances des travailleurs du bâtiment, des agents de maintenance et des architectes concernant l’amiante, les sensibiliser aux risques encourus et leur permettre de devenir des acteurs de la prévention. Le choix s’est porté vers une méthode pédagogique interactive, faisant appel aux nouvelles technologies. Le module de formation présente l’amiante, ses utilisations, le repérage des matériaux, les risques pour la santé, les mesures de protection. Un test final permet de contrôler le niveau d’apprentissage avec validation finale.

    Source: Favre, O., Prieto, R., & Lazor-Blancher, C. (2017). Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l’Environnement, 78(4), 364-365. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2017.06.021

  • Il existe des risques à la santé associés à des expositions professionnelles à de faibles concentrations d’amiante (Wolff et al., 2015). Préoccupé par les effets de l’amiante sur la santé humaine ainsi que les enjeux associés à son contrôle, l’INSPQ salue l’initiative du projet de loi fédérale visant l’interdiction de l’amiante au Canada. Il émet toutefois des réserves et des recommandations sur quatre des exemptions prévues à la nouvelle approche réglementaire. Ces exemptions, qui pourraient exposer des travailleurs et la population générale, sont celles relatives à l’exploitation minière, le traitement des résidus miniers pour certaines applications, l’amiante contenu dans un produit antiparasitaire, l’amiante ou produits contenant de l’amiante présentés à des fins éducatives. L’INSPQ s’interroge enfin sur l’exemption générale sur les traces d’amiante d’origine naturelle qui nécessiterait certaines précisions.

    Source: De Guire, Louise, Levasseur, Marie-Eve, Adib, Georges, Krupoves, Alfreda, & Chapados, Maude. (2017). [Montréal]: Institut national de santé publique du Québec, ii, 5 p. Repéré à https://www.inspq.qc.ca/sites/default/files/publications/2266_commentaires_projet_loi_c321.pdf

APPROCHE RELATIONNELLE DE SOINS (ARS)

  • Que signifie la « qualité relationnelle des soins »? Quelles pratiques concrètes favorisent cette qualité? Un ensemble de recherches conduites au Québec et en France montre que ce travail relationnel ne va pas de soi: au quotidien, les préposés se livrent à de nombreuses opérations visant à entrer en interaction avec les résidents, y compris – voire surtout – avec ceux qui souffrent de troubles cognitifs à un âge avancé. En effet, autant en observant les interactions entre préposés et résidents, qu’en s’entretenant avec des préposés, des résidents et des cadres, les auteurs ont découvert que les préposés mobilisent de nombreuses techniques relationnelles afin d’accomplir leur travail.

    Source: Brossard, Baptiste, & Sapin Leduc, Annie. (2017). Vie et vieillissement, 14(3), 20-24.

BLOC OPÉRATOIRE – CHIRURGIE

  • Little is known about the factors affecting teamwork and the mental stress of surgical nurses, although the performance of the surgical team is essential for patient safety. The purpose of this study was to evaluate operating room nurses’ perception of teamwork performance and their level of mental stress and to identify related factors.

    Source: Sonoda, Yukio, Onozuka, Daisuke, & Hagihara, Akihito. (2017). Journal of Nursing Management. Prépublication. doi:10.1111/jonm.12522

  • Evidence of the harmful effects of surgical smoke has been recognized in the literature and by professional organizations for many years, yet surgical smoke continues to pose a safety hazard for patients and perioperative personnel. A team of perioperative nurses and educators sought to improve compliance with policies and procedures for surgical smoke management in the OR. The team quantified smoke-evacuator use, assessed staff members’ knowledge using a pre-education survey, and presented a three-part multimodal education program. The team conducted a posteducation survey that showed significant improvement in staff members’ knowledge.

    Source: Chavis, Sherry, Wagner, Vicki, Becker, Melanie, Bowerman, Mercelita I., & Jamias, Mary Shirley. (2016). AORN Journal, 103(3), 289-296. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aorn.2016.01.007

  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between dynamic thiol/disulphide homeostasis and occupational exposure to volatile anesthetic gases in operating theater personnel. Decreased blood thiol levels and raised blood disulphide levels serve as biomarkers of oxidative stress. 65 subjects occupationally exposed and 55 unexposed healthy medical professionals were included into the study.

    Source: Kozanhan, Betul, Inanli, Ikbal, Deniz, Cigdem Damla, Iyisoy, Mehmet Sinan, Neselioglu, Salim, Sahin, Osman… Erel, Ozcan. (2017). American Journal of Industrial Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22764

  • The new AORN « Guideline for surgical smoke safety » provides guidance on surgical smoke management. This article focuses on key points of the guideline to help perioperative personnel promote smoke-free work environments; evacuate surgical smoke; and develop education programs and competency verification tools, policies and procedures, and quality improvement initiatives related to controlling surgical smoke. Perioperative RNs should review the complete guideline for additional information and for guidance when writing and updating policies and procedures.

    Source: Fencl, Jennifer L. (2017). AORN Journal, 105(5), 488-497. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aorn.2017.03.006

  • Surgical glove perforation may expose both patients and staff members to severe complications. This study aimed to determine surgical glove perforation rate and the factors associated with glove defect.This study highlighted an important problem neglected by surgical teams. The findings reaffirm the importance of double-gloving and changing gloves in surgeries of more than 90 minutes’ duration.

    Source: Tlili, Mohamed Ayoub, Belgacem, Amina, Sridi, Haifa, Akouri, Maha, Aouicha, Wiem, Soussi, Sonia, Dabbebi, Faten, & Dhiab, Mohamed Ben. (2017). AJIC: American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2017.07.016

  • Healthcare workplaces are among the most hazardous in the nation. In 2010, the Department of Labor reported 653,900 workplace injuries/illnesses occurred in healthcare, 152,000 more than the next most afflicted industry sector, manufacturing. A team from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA adapted techniques used in industry to make the OR a safer place to work through formal observations of work performed and subsequent mitigation of recognized hazards. To help guide observations, the team identified critical safe behaviors and hazardous conditions in the OR using injury data, input from a staff survey, job safety analysis, direct observation and cause and effect analysis. An observation tool from industry was customized to address hazards unique to the healthcare environment such as sharps safety.

    Source: Simon, Ross W., DiTullio, Barbara L., Foster, Lisa A., Canacari, Elena G., & Guglielmi, Charlotte L. (2016). AORN Journal, 103(3), 18-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcorm.2016.01.004

BRUIT EN MILIEU DE TRAVAIL

  • L’étude a été menée dans 5 centres d’appels (service client, assistance technique et urgence médicale) chez des salariés travaillant avec un casque téléphonique. L’objectif était de déterminer si cette population souffrait de fatigue auditive à la fin d’une journée de travail et si le mode d’exposition au bruit: sous casque ou exposition environnementale, pouvait influencer la fatigue. L’audition des volontaires a été évaluée avant et après leur période de travail par deux tests complémentaires.

    Source: Venet, T., & Thomas, A. (Septembre 2017). Références en santé au travail, 151, 63-69. Repéré à http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/VuDuTerrain/TI-RST-TF-248/tf248.pdf

  • Dans le secteur tertiaire, les salariés des bureaux ouverts se plaignent très souvent du bruit. Le médecin du travail ou le préventeur d’entreprise sont généralement démunis pour accompagner une démarche globale de réduction de cette nuisance. Des études de terrain ont permis de construire une approche complète permettant à la fois d’objectiver l’acoustique du local et d’éclairer les difficultés ressenties par les salariés. L’analyse de l’activité est un point clé de cette approche, car les besoins de collaboration ou au contraire d’isolement acoustique sont très différents d’une typologie de bureau ouvert à une autre. Cette approche, déclinée aujourd’hui dans une norme française, est détaillée dans cet article et illustrée en s’appuyant sur un exemple de la démarche engagée chez l’opérateur Orange.

    Source: Chevret, P., Chatillon, J., Amato, J.N., & Ottaviani, P. (Septembre 2017). Références en santé au travail, 151, 43-61. Repéré à http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/InfosARetenir/TI-RST-TF-247/tf247.pdf

CANCERS PROFESSIONNELS

  • Outre les pathologies broncho-pulmonaires bien connues liées à l’exposition à l’amiante, d’autres pathologies cancéreuses sont désormais considérées comme liées à l’amiante : le cancer du larynx et le cancer de l’ovaire. Une interrogation planait sur le cancer de l’estomac, du côlon, et du rectum jusqu’à ce qu’une publication du Professeur Christophe Paris mette clairement en évidence un risque accru de cancer colorectal chez les travailleurs de l’amiante. Cette étude a permis en outre de faire le lien entre la présence de plaques pleurales et le risque de décès par cancer broncho-pulmonaire après prise en compte du tabagisme, mais aussi d’établir le fait que la présence de plaques pleurales soit un facteur de risque de mésothéliome indépendamment des autres facteurs.

    Source: Barruyer, C. (21 septembre 2017). CAMIP.info: revue de la santé au travail. Repéré à http://www.camip.info/nous-avons-lu-pour-vous/pathologie-du-travail/maladies-professionnelles-et-a/agents-physiques/article/amiante-la-recherche-se-poursuit

CANNABIS

CHAMPS ÉLECTROMAGNÉTIQUES

  • La caractérisation des expositions aux ondes électromagnétiques est indispensable dans le cadre de l’évaluation d’un possible risque et pour assurer le suivi adéquat des populations de travailleurs possiblement exposées. L’objectif de ce projet est de décrire les conditions d’exposition aux champs électromagnétiques pour différents postes de travail en bibliothèques et médiathèques.

    Source: Massardier-Pilonchery, A., Croidieu, S., Gaudaire, F., Martinsons, C., Ndagijimana, F., Nerriere, E., Noé, N., & Tho, T. (2017). Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l’Environnement, 78(4), 365-366. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2017.06.024

CHUTES ET GLISSADES

  • Slip, trip and fall (STFs) injuries are a significant problem in all industries, yet there are no significant prior reports assessing the relationship between occupational factors and STFs among home healthcare workers (HHCWs) who represent an ever increasing number of workers in the healthcare sector. The unpredictable nature of the work environment specific to HHCWs may lead to an increase in injuries from STFs. The purpose of this study was to quantify associations between occupational factors and STFs among HHCWs.

    Source: Merryweather, Andrew S., Thiese, Matthew S., Kapellusch, Jay M., Garg, Arun, Fix, Dillon J., & Hegmann, Kurt T. (2017). Safety Science. Prépublication. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.07.002

  • This study is concerned with the characteristics of occupational injuries and sick leave for gas cylinder handling workers. Possible incidents and sick leave have been identified and analyzed for 223 occupational accidents in the gas cylinder handling work. Management level of accidents for prioritizing prevention measures is induced for the combination of accident agencies, types, and gas cylinder handling work processes. Accidents occurring during the specific gas cylinder handling work process showed different characteristics, depending on the type and agency of the accident. Most critical accidents that require corrective actions for prevention were slips and trips caused by floors, walkways, steps, or ground surfaces and overexertion and bodily reaction and posture caused by gas cylinder in the manual delivery of heavy cylinders process. Also, fall to lower level caused by floors, walkways, steps, or ground surfaces in the loading to and unloading from vehicles process and struck by or against caused by fixtures in the manual delivery of heavy cylinders process were also ranked high. The findings of this study can be used to develop more effective accident prevention policies to reduce occupational accidents in gas cylinder handling works.

    Source: Kim, Jeong Nam, Jeong, Byung Yong, & Park, Myoung Hwan. (2017). Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing & Service Industries. Prépublication. doi:10.1002/hfm.20711

  • Ne laissez pas la sécurité vous glisser des mains. Au Canada, plus de 44 000 travailleurs se blessent chaque année à la suite de chutes. La plupart de ces chutes se produisent au niveau du sol et résultent d’une glissade ou d’un trébuchement. Nous vous invitons à transmettre cette infographie qui énonce les causes communes de glissades et de trébuchements ainsi que des conseils pratiques que les travailleurs et les employeurs peuvent appliquer pour prévenir ces chutes, tels que de bonnes pratiques d’entretien ménager et la tenue d’inspections régulières.

    Source: Centre canadien d’hygiène et de sécurité au travail. (2017?). Prévenir les chutes causées par les glissades et les trébuchements: un pas à la fois. [Document infographique]. Repéré à http://images.cchst.ca/products/infographics/download/slips_trips_falls.jpg

CIVILITÉ EN MILIEU DE TRAVAIL

  • The importance of interpersonal behavior at the workplace is increasingly recognized in the health care industry and related literature. An unresolved issue in the existing health care research is how a climate of courteous interpersonal behavior may form the foundation for strong hospital care performance. The aim of this study was to test the link between a climate of courteous interpersonal behavior, termed « civility climate, » and hospital care performance. We conceptualize a multidimensional model of care performance by contrasting two dimensions: performance as perceived by employees and performance as perceived by patients. Furthermore, for both performance perspectives, we test an intermediate variable (error orientation climate) that may explain the relationship between civility climate and hospital care performance.

    Source: Oppel, Eva-Maria, Mohr, David C., Benzer, & Justin K. (2017). Health Care Management Review. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/HMR.0000000000000178

COMMUNICATION EN SST

  • L’INRS réunit dans son nouveau catalogue plus de 200 affiches et autocollants, un fonds visuel dans lequel puiser sans modération pour épingler, exposer et diffuser les messages de prévention. S’appuyant sur un message simple et visuel, les affiches et autocollants de l’INRS informent et sensibilisent les salariés au sein de l’entreprise, voire directement à leurs postes de travail. Risques psychosociaux, troubles musculosquelettiques ou encore risques liés aux déplacements, trouvez l’affiche qui vous concerne. Les affiches sont triées de la plus récente à la plus ancienne et les autocollants regroupés à la fin du catalogue.

    Source: Institut national de recherche et de sécurité. (2017). Nouveau catalogue d’affiches de l’INRS. Repéré à http://www.inrs.fr/publications/affiches.html

CONCILIATION TRAVAIL – VIE PERSONNELLE

  • L’Enquête québécoise sur la santé de la population (EQSP) permet également de mesurer de nombreux indicateurs liés à la santé en milieu de travail et de décrire les conditions de travail. L’enquête aborde pour la première fois la conciliation travail-famille, le harcèlement psychologique au travail, la détresse psychologique au travail, les troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) d’origine non traumatique liés au travail et la surdité attribuable au travail. L’EQSP contient aussi des informations à propos, entre autres, de l’environnement organisationnel (niveau de soutien au travail, tension au travail, exigences psychologiques, niveau d’autorité décisionnelle, niveau de reconnaissance) et de l’environnement physique et des conditions ambiantes. Dans cet article, l’auteur s’intéresse aux contraintes physiques du travail, à la prévalence de troubles musculosquelettiques au travail, à la conciliation emploi-famille et au harcèlement psychologique.

    Source: Demers, Marc-André. (Juin 2017). Flash-Info, 18(2),11-19. Repéré à http://www.stat.gouv.qc.ca/statistiques/travail-remuneration/bulletins/flash-info-201706.pdf#page=11

CPE – SERVICES DE GARDE

  • Occupational health and safety (OHS) is poorer in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) than in large corporations. Fatal accidents are up to eight times more frequent in SMEs and non-fatal injuries are as much as 50% more likely to occur. In order to improve the OHS status of SMEs, the constraints under which these businesses operate must be taken into account. In this critical review of the literature, we present an overview of research and industrial practices relating to OHS performance evaluation, and therefore of the information-gathering tools developed or adapted for this purpose, with emphasis on the SME context. The goal of this work is to identify avenues of research that are likely to yield practical means of meeting the challenge of integrating OHS into SME culture.

    Source: Tremblay, Alec, & Badri, Adel. (2018). Safety Science, 260-267.

DÉPLACEMENTS DES BÉNÉFICIAIRES

  • More than 350 Alberta Health Services (AHS) ground ambulances will be equipped with power stretchers and load systems. The stretchers use a battery-powered hydraulic system to lift up to 317 kilograms (700 pounds) safely and without physical strain. Alberta Health Services installed electronic lifts in eight inter-facility transfer vehicles in 2015 as part of a pilot project. During that time, not a single lift-related injury was reported by staff using the new equipment. Over that same 18-month period, 84 patient-handling injuries were reported amongst EMS staff working on vehicles without the lifts.

    Source: Alberta installing power lifts in ambulances to reduce paramedic injuries. (August/September 2017). Canadian Occupational Safety, 55(4), 6. Repéré à http://www.cos-mag.com/occupational-hygiene/34014-alberta-installing-power-lifts-in-ambulances-to-reduce-paramedic-injuries/

  • In Canada, paramedics remain as one of the few public safety occupations without an evidence-based, validated physical employment standard (PES). The purpose of this study was to document and describe the physical demands of paramedic work and to identify the most physically demanding tasks. These outcomes are essential to inform the design and development of an evidence-based PES for the paramedic sector.

    Source: Fischer, Steven L., Sinden, Kathryn E., & MacPhee, Renee S. (2017). Applied Ergonomics, 65, 233-239. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2017.06.021

  • L’Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ) a réalisé un avis scientifique sur la circulation des aides à la mobilité motorisées (AMM) en 2011. Dans cet avis, l’INSPQ proposait plusieurs mesures afin de combler le vide juridique à l’égard des AMM dans le code de la sécurité routière (CSR). Une des principales recommandations consistait à donner aux utilisateurs d’AMM un statut à part entière, qui se situe à mi-chemin entre celui de piéton et celui de cycliste, selon l’environnement routier dans lequel ils se trouvent. Des nouvelles règles ont été adoptées en juin 2015 par arrêté ministériel et l’INSPQ a été mandaté pour les évaluer, par diverses méthodes. Ce rapport a pour objectif de présenter les résultats de la démarche d’évaluation réalisée.

    Source: Bruneau, Jean-François, Maurice, Pierre, Crevier, Geneviève, & Quinones, Maud. (2017). [Montréal]: Institut national de santé publique du Québec, xvi, 280 p. Repéré à https://www.inspq.qc.ca/sites/default/files/publications/2274_evaluation_regle_securite_routiere_aides_mobilite_motorisees.pdf

  • Specific methods currently exist to assess occupational hazards resulting from patient handling in the healthcare sector, according to ISO/TR 12296. They are all similar in nature, but with a different analysis perspective; for that reason a comparison of the most relevant methods was performed in a previous research. As a result, a basis of a new tool that integrates the complementary aspects of those methods was proposed. To verify the validity and reliability of that method, a study within a hospital setting was carried out in five medical and surgical units of a public health institution. Based on the obtained results, the analysed method (called HEMPA) proved to be valid and reliable. Also, this method reflects a positive correlation between risk and damage and correctly quantifies risks regarding patient’s dependence.

    Source: Villarroya, A., Azezes, P., de Freijo, Diaz, & Fraga, F. (2017). Applied Ergonomics, 65, 209-222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2017.06.018

ENQUÊTE ET ANALYSE D’ACCIDENTS

  • This is the first edition of CSA Z1005, Incident investigation. This Standard replaces CAN/CSA-Z796, Accident information, published in 1998. This Standard outlines incident investigation and prevention principles and requirements, the purpose of which is to determine causes and to prevent work-related incidents. CSA Z1005 adheres to management system principles, such as those set out in CSA Z1000, Occupational health and safety management. Use of Z1005 is not contingent on an organization having an occupational health and safety management system (OHSMS); however, it does specify a Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle to ensure that management system deficiencies are identified and addressed. It also complements CSA Z1002, Hazard identification and elimination and risk assessment and control. When hazards are identified and eliminated, and when risk is assessed and controlled in accordance with the principles in CSA Z1002, then the number of work-related incidents can be reduced or prevented.

    Source: Canadian Standard Association. Technical Committee on Incident Investigation and Prevention. (2017). Incident investigation. Norme CSA Z1005-17. Toronto: CSA Group, 54 p. Repéré à http://shop.csa.ca/fr/restofworld/enquetes-sur-les-accidents-et-les-maladies/z1005-17/invt/27004992017

La norme n’est pas encore disponible en français.

ÉQUIPEMENTS DE PROTECTION

VOIR AUSSI: https://internationalsafetycenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Consensus-Statement-Improving-Work-Wear-for-Healthcare.pdf

  • Over the years, employee health professionals have occasionally found themselves at odds with their colleagues in infection prevention on issues like mandated flu shots or the level of respiratory protection needed to protect a worker from an emerging infection. The different paradigms for occupational health and infection control were brought to the fore during the Ebola outbreak, but were probably most acurately contrasted during the controversy over infection control measures, or the lack thereof, used to protect healthcare workers during the SARS outbreak in Toronto in 2003.

    Source: Evans, Gary. (September 2017). Hospital Employee Health, 36(9), 97-100. Repéré à https://www.ahcmedia.com/articles/141228-hand-in-glove-employee-health-partners-with-infection-control

  • Non-sterile gloves primarily serve as a barrier protection for health care workers (HCWs). However, pathogens may often contaminate the skin of HCWs during glove removal; therefore, pathogens may be further transmitted and cause nosocomial infections. A field study was conducted comparing contamination rates when using standard gloves or a new modified product equipped with an additional flap (doffing aid) for easier removal. Gloves were removed after bathing gloved hands in an artificial fluorescent lotion. The number of contamination spots was then visually examined using ultraviolet light.

    Source: Gleser, Maxim, Schwab, Frank, Solbach, Philipp, & Vonberg, Ralf-Peter. (2017). AJIC: American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2017.08.024

  • The goal of this study was to examine the impact of assistance with donning and time on quantitative fit factors and pass rates for subjects wearing an N95 filtering facepiece respirator and a non-certified adhesive mask. Fit factors were measured using two side-by-side TSI Portacount instruments sampling second-by-second simultaneous inside- and outside-facepiece concentrations. Naïve subjects made two visits at least one week apart. At each visit subjects first donned either the respirator or adhesive mask without assistance and performed a five-exercise fast fit test. They then donned a new respirator or mask with assistance in proper donning (e.g., proper forming of the nosepiece, strap placement, etc.) and performed a second five-exercise fast fit test. The same sequence of unassisted and assisted donning was then repeated with the other facepiece.

    Source: Rembialkowski, Brian, Sietsema, Margaret, & Brosseau, Lisa. (2017). Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 14(9), 669-673. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2017.1319569

  • This pilot study aimed at determining the Workplace Protection Factor (WPF) for respiratory protective devices widely used by health care workers to reduce exposure to potentially hazardous aerosols when attending patients in their homes. Two devices were tested, an N95 filtering facepiece respirator (FFR) and a surgical mask (SM). The results showed that wearing an N95-certified respirator helps significantly reduce the aerosol inhalation exposure of home-attending health care workers. An SM offers much lower protection. The WPF depends on several factors, including, but not limited to, the health care worker’s activity and/or body movements; the WPF varies from one worker to another.

    Source: Elmashae, Yousef, Grinshpun, Sergey A., Reponen, Tiina, Yermakov, Michael, & Riddle, Robert. (2017). Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 14(9), D145-D149. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2017.1319571

  • Surgical glove perforation may expose both patients and staff members to severe complications. This study aimed to determine surgical glove perforation rate and the factors associated with glove defect.This study highlighted an important problem neglected by surgical teams. The findings reaffirm the importance of double-gloving and changing gloves in surgeries of more than 90 minutes’ duration.

    Source: Tlili, Mohamed Ayoub, Belgacem, Amina, Sridi, Haifa, Akouri, Maha, Aouicha, Wiem, Soussi, Sonia, Dabbebi, Faten, & Dhiab, Mohamed Ben. (2017). AJIC: American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2017.07.016

ÉQUIPEMENTS ERGONOMIQUES

ÉTABLISSEMENTS D’HÉBERGEMENT

  • The objective was to assessed the intrapersonal, interpersonal, and organizational factors that predicted job satisfaction among long-term care employees. The authors assessed if higher physical activity levels, fewer symptoms of depression, stress, and/or anxiety (ie, decreased mood), less back pain, stronger social support, and reports of low work demands were associated with higher job satisfaction.

    Source: Kelly, Doran, Resnick, Barbara, & Swanberg, Jennifer. (2017). JOEM: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001146

  • The authors performed an integrated cross-sectional analysis of relationships between long term care work environments, employee and resident satisfaction, and quality of patient care. The results showed that facilities in the better-performing cluster were found to have better patient care outcomes and resident satisfaction; lower rates of workers compensation claims; better SRHP performance; higher employee retention; and greater worker job satisfaction and engagement.

    Source: Boakye-Dankwa, Ernest, Teeple, Erin, Gore, Rebecca, & Punnett, Laura. JOEM: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001163

  • Que signifie la « qualité relationnelle des soins »? Quelles pratiques concrètes favorisent cette qualité? Un ensemble de recherches conduites au Québec et en France montre que ce travail relationnel ne va pas de soi: au quotidien, les préposés se livrent à de nombreuses opérations visant à entrer en interaction avec les résidents, y compris – voire surtout – avec ceux qui souffrent de troubles cognitifs à un âge avancé. En effet, autant en observant les interactions entre préposés et résidents, qu’en s’entretenant avec des préposés, des résidents et des cadres, les auteurs ont découvert que les préposés mobilisent de nombreuses techniques relationnelles afin d’accomplir leur travail.

    Source: Brossard, Baptiste, & Sapin Leduc, Annie. (2017). Vie et vieillissement, 14(3), 20-24.

  • La formation en cours d’emploi peut présenter une façon d’outiller les PAB pour relever les défis particuliers du métier. On peut se demander toutefois s’il est possible pour les PAB de transférer, dans les situations réelles de travail, les apprentissages réalisés au cours de ces formations. Cet article présente les résultats d’une recherche qui s’est intéressés à une approche enseignée aux PAB dans une formation en cours d’emploi et aux conditions de sa mise en oeuvre en situation réelle, soit l’approche relationnelle de soins (ARS) offerte par l’ASSTSAS. Après avoir décrit en quoi consiste cette formation, les auteurs présentent brièvement la démarche de recherche, pour ensuite exposer comment l’ARS est reçue par les PAB et mise en oeuvre au cours des soins. Seront alors discutés les facteurs qui favorisent ou font obstacles à l’implantation de l’approche au quotidien.

    Source: Bellemare, Marie, Feillou, Isabelle, Viau-Guay, Anabelle, Trudel, Louis, Desrosiers, Johanne, & Guyon, Anne-Céline. (2017). Vie & vieillissement, 14(3), 8-13.

ÉVALUATION DES RISQUES

  • Specific methods currently exist to assess occupational hazards resulting from patient handling in the healthcare sector, according to ISO/TR 12296. They are all similar in nature, but with a different analysis perspective; for that reason a comparison of the most relevant methods was performed in a previous research. As a result, a basis of a new tool that integrates the complementary aspects of those methods was proposed. To verify the validity and reliability of that method, a study within a hospital setting was carried out in five medical and surgical units of a public health institution. Based on the obtained results, the analysed method (called HEMPA) proved to be valid and reliable. Also, this method reflects a positive correlation between risk and damage and correctly quantifies risks regarding patient’s dependence.

    Source: Villarroya, A., Azezes, P., de Freijo, Diaz, & Fraga, F. (2017). Applied Ergonomics, 65, 209-222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2017.06.018

FORMATION EN SST

  • L’objectif de cette formation est d’améliorer les connaissances des travailleurs du bâtiment, des agents de maintenance et des architectes concernant l’amiante, les sensibiliser aux risques encourus et leur permettre de devenir des acteurs de la prévention. Le choix s’est porté vers une méthode pédagogique interactive, faisant appel aux nouvelles technologies. Le module de formation présente l’amiante, ses utilisations, le repérage des matériaux, les risques pour la santé, les mesures de protection. Un test final permet de contrôler le niveau d’apprentissage avec validation finale.

    Source: Favre, O., Prieto, R., & Lazor-Blancher, C. (2017). Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l’Environnement, 78(4), 364-365. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2017.06.021

FUMÉES CHIRURGICALES

  • Evidence of the harmful effects of surgical smoke has been recognized in the literature and by professional organizations for many years, yet surgical smoke continues to pose a safety hazard for patients and perioperative personnel. A team of perioperative nurses and educators sought to improve compliance with policies and procedures for surgical smoke management in the OR. The team quantified smoke-evacuator use, assessed staff members’ knowledge using a pre-education survey, and presented a three-part multimodal education program. The team conducted a posteducation survey that showed significant improvement in staff members’ knowledge.

    Source: Chavis, Sherry, Wagner, Vicki, Becker, Melanie, Bowerman, Mercelita I., & Jamias, Mary Shirley. (2016). AORN Journal, 103(3), 289-296. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aorn.2016.01.007

  • The new AORN « Guideline for surgical smoke safety » provides guidance on surgical smoke management. This article focuses on key points of the guideline to help perioperative personnel promote smoke-free work environments; evacuate surgical smoke; and develop education programs and competency verification tools, policies and procedures, and quality improvement initiatives related to controlling surgical smoke. Perioperative RNs should review the complete guideline for additional information and for guidance when writing and updating policies and procedures.

    Source: Fencl, Jennifer L. (2017). AORN Journal, 105(5), 488-497. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aorn.2017.03.006

GESTION – LEADERSHIP

  • Nursing professions report high rates of work-related injuries. Organizational safety practices have been linked to workers’ safety outcomes and perceptions about work. The study aim was to examine the relationships of organizational safety practices with nurses’ perceptions about job and risk and experiences of work-related injury and symptoms. The results showed that higher perceptions of organizational safety practices (safety climate, ergonomic practices, people-oriented culture) were significantly associated with lower physical workload, lower job strain, higher job satisfaction, lower risk perception, and lower work-related injury and symptom experiences. Ergonomic practices and people-oriented culture were associated with less intention of leaving job.

    Source: Soo-Jeong, Lee, & Joung Hee, Lee. (2017). JONA: Journal of Nursing Administration, 47(7/8), 404-411. doi: 10.1097/NNA.0000000000000504

  • As organisations experience rapid change, employee health and well-being has emerged as an important issue. Although organisational change can result in psychological and physical stress among employees (Hylton, 2004), providing positive organisational resources, such as support and job control, may help reduce employee burnout (e.g., Dubois et al., 2014; Leiter and Maslach, 2009; Puleo, 2011). Therefore, using a sample of Canadian health-care staff (N = 202) who were involved in a large-scale organisational change, we investigated: (a) whether perceptions of organisational change stressors were associated with burnout (i.e., exhaustion, cynicism, and professional efficacy), (b) the extent to which supervisor support and job control were directly related to burnout, and (c) whether support and control moderated the relationship between change stressors and burnout. Job control was directly related to all of the burnout components, and support was related to exhaustion and cynicism. Supervisor support buffered the negative relationship between change stressors and exhaustion and between change stressors and cynicism. Job control moderated the negative relationship between change and professional efficacy.

    Source: Day, Arla, Crown, Sarah N., & Ivany, Meredith. (2017). Safety Science, 100 (PartA), 4-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.03.004

  • Comment les entreprises, même de petite taille, peuvent-elles contribuer à l’amélioration de la santé mentale de leurs employés et, du même coup, réduire les demandes d’indemnisation auprès des compagnies d’assurances? Voici des pistes, trop rentables pour qu’on n’en tienne pas compte.

    Source: Durand, Pierre, & Marchand, Alain. (Automne 2017), Gestion, 42(3), 104-107. Repéré à http://www.revuegestion.ca/catalog/revue-gestion/articles/la-sante-et-le-bien-etre-en-milieu-de-travail-rentables-et-a-la-portee-de-toutes-les-entreprises.html

  • Transformational leaders spark the intrinsic motivation of employees, thereby stimulating their extra-role performance. However, not all employees are lucky enough to have a transformational leader. The purpose of this paper is to investigate to what extent mindfulness can function as a substitute for transformational leadership. By being attentive to and aware of what is taking place in the present, mindfulness provides employees with a source of intrinsic motivation that lies within the person, thereby possibly making employees less dependent on transformational leadership. This paper is the first to show that mindful people are more resilient against the absence of transformational leadership. Given the frequent changes in management layers in organizations, knowledge about resources for individual resilience and self-management is sorely needed.

    Source: Kroon, Brigitte, van Woerkom, Marianne, & Menting, Charlotte. (2017). Journal of Managerial Psychology, 32(4), 284-297. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMP-07-2016-0223

  • The concept of employees’ commitment is one of the most challenging concepts in the management, organizational behaviour and human resource management literatures and research. The current study focuses on the construct of commitment as an emotional attitude, and expands the concept of general organizational commitment to a new more specific form of commitment, commitment to safety. Furthermore, commitment theorists commonly identify leadership as an important contributing factor to the development of organizational commitment. The authors aimed to explain an underlying motivational mechanism, self-regulatory foci, through which leadership styles foster followers’ commitment.

    Source: Delegach, Marianna, Kark, Ronit, Katz-Navon, Tal, & Van Dijk, Dina. (2017). European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. Prépublication. 1-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2017.1345884

GESTION DE LA SST

  • Gabriel est bénévole lors d’un festival d’envergure internationale au parc Jean-Drapeau organisé par Festival-en-Folie. Lors de l’ouverture du site le premier jour, il est bousculé par la foule qui se rue vers la scène principale. En chutant, il se tord la cheville. Nathalie, responsable de la sécurité chez Festival-en-Folie, accourt à son secours. Après lui avoir prodigué les premiers soins, elle l’accompagne au chalet des employés. Elle est alors incertaine, peut-elle lui remettre un formulaire de réclamation pour accident de travail, même s’il est un bénévole, et non un employé?

    Source: Lajoie, Émile. (Automne 2017). Prévention au travail, 30(3), 16. Repéré à http://preventionautravail.com/droits-et-obligations/480-les-employeurs-ont-ils-des-obligations-envers-les-benevoles.html

  • Three Ohio hospital nurses recently had to be revived with an opioid antidote after caring for a drugged patient, underscoring a new occupational threat to healthcare workers and the lack of federal guidelines to protect them. The incident, which the three healthcare workers survived, drives home the growing occupational risk of the national opioid epidemic.

    Source: Evans, Gary. (October 2017). Hospital Employee Health, 36(10), 109-120. Repéré à https://www.ahcmedia.com/articles/141390-exposures-to-opioid-patients-endanger-healthcare-workers

  • Par la création de ce cadre de référence, le ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux souhaite énoncer et faire connaître aux établissements les bonnes pratiques issues de la littérature ainsi que les orientations privilégiées par le Ministère en matière de soutien et de réintégration au travail des employés en invalidité. Il souhaite également présenter aux établissements une démarche d’implantation qu’ils peuvent réaliser et leur fournir des outils pour qu’ils puissent mettre en place ou bonifier leur propre programme de soutien et de réintégration au travail des employés en invalidité. Il s’adresse d’abord à la haute direction, particulièrement à la Direction des ressources humaines, des communications et des affaires juridiques, qui est responsable du service de la gestion de la présence au travail. Il s’adresse ensuite à l’ensemble du personnel d’encadrement et des employés des établissements, qui ont tous un rôle à jouer dans le soutien et la réintégration au travail des employés en invalidité.

    Source: Carrier, Pier-Ann, Landry, Mona. (2017). [Québec]: Direction des communications du ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, 71 p. Repéré à http://publications.msss.gouv.qc.ca/msss/fichiers/2017/17-529-01W.pdf

  • A large body of evidence demonstrates substantial effects of work-related psychosocial hazards on risks of both musculoskeletal and mental health disorders (MSDs and MHDs), which are two of the most costly occupational health problems in many countries. This study investigated current workplace risk management practices in two industry sectors with high risk of both MSDs and MHDs and evaluated the extent to which risk from psychosocial hazards is being effectively managed.

    Source: Oakman, Jodi, Macdonald, Wendy, Bartram, Timothy, Keegel, Tessa, & Kinsman, Natasha. (2018). Safety Science, 101, 220-230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.09.004

  • Although multiple studies have examined sources and consequences of fatigue, little is known about the current state of fatigue risk management system (FRMS). The aim of this study was to describe the current state of fatigue risk management systems (FRMS) to address nurse fatigue in hospitals. Significant opportunities exist to implement formal FRMS in healthcare. Nursing leaders, in partnership with other organizational leaders, should develop a formal plan to monitor fatigue and implement multiple levels of interventions to prevent fatigue and mitigate its consequences.

    Source: Steege, Linsey M., Pinekenstein, Barbara J., Rainbow, Jessica G., & Arsenault Knudsen, Élise. (2017). JONA: Journal of Nursing Administration, 47(9), 426-433. doi: 10.1097/NNA.0000000000000509

  • Nursing professions report high rates of work-related injuries. Organizational safety practices have been linked to workers’ safety outcomes and perceptions about work. The study aim was to examine the relationships of organizational safety practices with nurses’ perceptions about job and risk and experiences of work-related injury and symptoms. The results showed that higher perceptions of organizational safety practices (safety climate, ergonomic practices, people-oriented culture) were significantly associated with lower physical workload, lower job strain, higher job satisfaction, lower risk perception, and lower work-related injury and symptom experiences. Ergonomic practices and people-oriented culture were associated with less intention of leaving job.

    Source: Soo-Jeong, Lee, & Joung Hee, Lee. (2017). JONA: Journal of Nursing Administration, 47(7/8), 404-411. doi: 10.1097/NNA.0000000000000504

  • Occupational health and safety (OHS) is poorer in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) than in large corporations. Fatal accidents are up to eight times more frequent in SMEs and non-fatal injuries are as much as 50% more likely to occur. In order to improve the OHS status of SMEs, the constraints under which these businesses operate must be taken into account. In this critical review of the literature, we present an overview of research and industrial practices relating to OHS performance evaluation, and therefore of the information-gathering tools developed or adapted for this purpose, with emphasis on the SME context. The goal of this work is to identify avenues of research that are likely to yield practical means of meeting the challenge of integrating OHS into SME culture.

    Source: Tremblay, Alec, & Badri, Adel. (2018). Safety Science, 260-267.

  • Since the publication of the Institute of Medicine’s groundbreaking report « To Err is Human » in 2000, patient safety has become a key health care issue, driving decision-making and policy formulation in virtually every sector of the health care system. In 2008, Berwick stated that the US health care system could only be improved if it focused on three aims: (1) improving the experience of patient care; (2) improving the health of populations; and (3) reducing per capita costs of health care. More recently, a new topic has begun to emerge: the health and safety of those who deliver health care—from physicians and nurses to administrative and service personnel—and how that can impact the health and safety of patients. It is becoming clear that workers in this high stress, demanding sector are themselves prone to a wide variety of health risks, ranging from musculoskeletal issues to depression and burnout. This burnout and dissatisfaction among health care workers compromises the goals of the triple aim. Therefore, there is a need to expand the triple aim into the quadruple aim, which includes the goal of improving the work life and well-being of health care providers.

    Source: Loeppke, Ronald, Boldrighini, Jodie, Bowe, John, Braun, Barbara, Eggins, Erik, Eisenberg, Barry S….Yarbrough, Mary. (2017). JOEM: Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, 59(8), 803-813. (ACOEM Position Statement). Repéré à http://www.acoem.org/uploadedFiles/Public_Affairs/Policies_And_Position_Statements/Guidelines/Position_Statements/Interaction_of_Health_Care_Worker_Health_and.17.pdf

  • The authors performed an integrated cross-sectional analysis of relationships between long term care work environments, employee and resident satisfaction, and quality of patient care. The results showed that facilities in the better-performing cluster were found to have better patient care outcomes and resident satisfaction; lower rates of workers compensation claims; better SRHP performance; higher employee retention; and greater worker job satisfaction and engagement.

    Source: Boakye-Dankwa, Ernest, Teeple, Erin, Gore, Rebecca, & Punnett, Laura. JOEM: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001163

  • L’Enquête québécoise sur la santé de la population (EQSP) permet également de mesurer de nombreux indicateurs liés à la santé en milieu de travail et de décrire les conditions de travail. L’enquête aborde pour la première fois la conciliation travail-famille, le harcèlement psychologique au travail, la détresse psychologique au travail, les troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) d’origine non traumatique liés au travail et la surdité attribuable au travail. L’EQSP contient aussi des informations à propos, entre autres, de l’environnement organisationnel (niveau de soutien au travail, tension au travail, exigences psychologiques, niveau d’autorité décisionnelle, niveau de reconnaissance) et de l’environnement physique et des conditions ambiantes. Dans cet article, l’auteur s’intéresse aux contraintes physiques du travail, à la prévalence de troubles musculosquelettiques au travail, à la conciliation emploi-famille et au harcèlement psychologique.

    Source: Demers, Marc-André. (Juin 2017). Flash-Info, 18(2),11-19. Repéré à http://www.stat.gouv.qc.ca/statistiques/travail-remuneration/bulletins/flash-info-201706.pdf#page=11

  • Evaluation of scientific evidence is critical in developing recommendations to reduce risk. Healthcare was the first scientific field to employ a systematic review approach for synthesizing research findings to support evidence-based decision-making and it is still the largest producer and consumer of systematic reviews. Systematic reviews in the field of occupational safety and health are being conducted, but more widespread use and adoption would strengthen assessments. In 2016, NIOSH asked RAND to develop a framework for applying the traditional systematic review elements to the field of occupational safety and health. This paper describes how essential systematic review elements can be adapted for use in occupational systematic reviews to enhance their scientific quality, objectivity, transparency, reliability, utility, and acceptability.

    Source: Howard, John, Piacentino, John, MacMahon, Kathleen, Schulte, Paul. (2017). American Journal of Industrial Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22771

  • Que doit-on penser du programme comportemental? Voilà une question fréquemment posée. Pour y répondre, l’auteur reprend à mon compte une citation du regretté humoriste français Michel Coluche « Je ne suis ni pour ni contre, bien au contraire ». Mais, il laisse à son interlocuteur le soin de s’y retrouver.

    Source: Pérusse, Michel. (Septembre 2017).Travail et santé, 33(3), 24-27.

CET ARTICLE N’EST PAS DISPONIBLE EN VERSION ÉLECTRONIQUE

  • Dans cette nouvelle programmation scientifique, la présentation des travaux et services en continu et des livrables attendus fournit une description concrète des engagements de l’Institut. La santé publique est un champ d’expertise et de pratique extrêmement vaste. La programmation scientifique de l’Institut ne couvre donc pas toutes les problématiques d’intérêt pour la protection, la prévention et la promotion de la santé de la population québécoise. Cette réalité, omniprésente pendant la réalisation des travaux, a aussi été mise en exergue lors des consultations. La question de la santé et sécurité au travail est abordée sous l’angle de plusieurs thématiques de santé publique.

    Source: Institut national de santé publique du Québec. Vice-présidence aux affaires scientifiques. Vice-présidence à la valorisation scientifique et aux communications. [Montréal]: Institut national de santé publique du Québec, iii, 59 p. Repéré à https://www.inspq.qc.ca/sites/default/files/publications/2263_programmation_scientifique_2017_2020.pdf

  • The concept of employees’ commitment is one of the most challenging concepts in the management, organizational behaviour and human resource management literatures and research. The current study focuses on the construct of commitment as an emotional attitude, and expands the concept of general organizational commitment to a new more specific form of commitment, commitment to safety. Furthermore, commitment theorists commonly identify leadership as an important contributing factor to the development of organizational commitment. The authors aimed to explain an underlying motivational mechanism, self-regulatory foci, through which leadership styles foster followers’ commitment.

    Source: Delegach, Marianna, Kark, Ronit, Katz-Navon, Tal, & Van Dijk, Dina. (2017). European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. Prépublication. 1-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2017.1345884

  • This is the first edition of CSA Z1005, Incident investigation. This Standard replaces CAN/CSA-Z796, Accident information, published in 1998. This Standard outlines incident investigation and prevention principles and requirements, the purpose of which is to determine causes and to prevent work-related incidents. CSA Z1005 adheres to management system principles, such as those set out in CSA Z1000, Occupational health and safety management. Use of Z1005 is not contingent on an organization having an occupational health and safety management system (OHSMS); however, it does specify a Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle to ensure that management system deficiencies are identified and addressed. It also complements CSA Z1002, Hazard identification and elimination and risk assessment and control. When hazards are identified and eliminated, and when risk is assessed and controlled in accordance with the principles in CSA Z1002, then the number of work-related incidents can be reduced or prevented.

    Source: Canadian Standard Association. Technical Committee on Incident Investigation and Prevention. (2017). Incident investigation. Norme CSA Z1005-17. Toronto: CSA Group, 54 p. Repéré à http://shop.csa.ca/fr/restofworld/enquetes-sur-les-accidents-et-les-maladies/z1005-17/invt/27004992017

La norme n’est pas encore disponible en français.

  • Il existe des risques à la santé associés à des expositions professionnelles à de faibles concentrations d’amiante (Wolff et al., 2015). Préoccupé par les effets de l’amiante sur la santé humaine ainsi que les enjeux associés à son contrôle, l’INSPQ salue l’initiative du projet de loi fédérale visant l’interdiction de l’amiante au Canada. Il émet toutefois des réserves et des recommandations sur quatre des exemptions prévues à la nouvelle approche réglementaire. Ces exemptions, qui pourraient exposer des travailleurs et la population générale, sont celles relatives à l’exploitation minière, le traitement des résidus miniers pour certaines applications, l’amiante contenu dans un produit antiparasitaire, l’amiante ou produits contenant de l’amiante présentés à des fins éducatives. L’INSPQ s’interroge enfin sur l’exemption générale sur les traces d’amiante d’origine naturelle qui nécessiterait certaines précisions.

    Source: De Guire, Louise, Levasseur, Marie-Eve, Adib, Georges, Krupoves, Alfreda, & Chapados, Maude. (2017). [Montréal]: Institut national de santé publique du Québec, ii, 5 p. Repéré à https://www.inspq.qc.ca/sites/default/files/publications/2266_commentaires_projet_loi_c321.pdf

GESTION DU CHANGEMENT

  • As organisations experience rapid change, employee health and well-being has emerged as an important issue. Although organisational change can result in psychological and physical stress among employees (Hylton, 2004), providing positive organisational resources, such as support and job control, may help reduce employee burnout (e.g., Dubois et al., 2014; Leiter and Maslach, 2009; Puleo, 2011). Therefore, using a sample of Canadian health-care staff (N = 202) who were involved in a large-scale organisational change, we investigated: (a) whether perceptions of organisational change stressors were associated with burnout (i.e., exhaustion, cynicism, and professional efficacy), (b) the extent to which supervisor support and job control were directly related to burnout, and (c) whether support and control moderated the relationship between change stressors and burnout. Job control was directly related to all of the burnout components, and support was related to exhaustion and cynicism. Supervisor support buffered the negative relationship between change stressors and exhaustion and between change stressors and cynicism. Job control moderated the negative relationship between change and professional efficacy.

    Source: Day, Arla, Crown, Sarah N., & Ivany, Meredith. (2017). Safety Science, 100 (PartA), 4-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.03.004

HARCÈLEMENT AU TRAVAIL

  • Although criminology has actively engaged with psychological violence in the context of domestic violence and child abuse, it has been slower coming to the fore when it comes to such violence in the workplace. This is despite the well-documented human, organisational, community and service costs associated with such victimisation. As demonstrated in this review, the bulk of strategies that have been trialled to date has been devised from psychology, management and organisational development perspectives. However, there is a paucity of evidence that any of the interventions that are widely promoted have been subjected to robust evaluations or provided evidence of any long-term reduction in the incidence of violence as a consequence of such interventions. Acknowledging there no easy single recipe, it is timely to consider the potential of alternative approaches including the application of guardianship and related principles from the routine activity approach, which are well-established strategies for prevention of victimisation in a range of contexts as set out in this review.

    Source: Schindler, Emily, & Reynald, Danielle M. (2017). Aggression and Violent Behavior, 36, 25-33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2017.07.004

  • L’Enquête québécoise sur la santé de la population (EQSP) permet également de mesurer de nombreux indicateurs liés à la santé en milieu de travail et de décrire les conditions de travail. L’enquête aborde pour la première fois la conciliation travail-famille, le harcèlement psychologique au travail, la détresse psychologique au travail, les troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) d’origine non traumatique liés au travail et la surdité attribuable au travail. L’EQSP contient aussi des informations à propos, entre autres, de l’environnement organisationnel (niveau de soutien au travail, tension au travail, exigences psychologiques, niveau d’autorité décisionnelle, niveau de reconnaissance) et de l’environnement physique et des conditions ambiantes. Dans cet article, l’auteur s’intéresse aux contraintes physiques du travail, à la prévalence de troubles musculosquelettiques au travail, à la conciliation emploi-famille et au harcèlement psychologique.

    Source: Demers, Marc-André. (Juin 2017). Flash-Info, 18(2),11-19. Repéré à http://www.stat.gouv.qc.ca/statistiques/travail-remuneration/bulletins/flash-info-201706.pdf#page=11

HORAIRE DE TRAVAIL

  • Little is known about the current state of fatigue risk management systems (FRMSs) implementation and adoption of national recommendations in nursing work systems.The aim of this article is to describe the current state of FRSM to address nurse fatigue in hospitals. This study provides a framework for implementation of FRMSs as an innovation, highlighting the critical role of nurse leaders in adoption and dissemination. Raising the visibility of fatigue across the organization is a critical 1st step.

    Source: Steege, Linsey M., Pinekenstein, Barbara J., Rainbow, Jessica G., & Arsenault Knudsen, Élise. (2017). JONA: Journal of Nursing Administration. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/NNA.0000000000000519

  • In 2007, the International Agency for Research on Cancer declared shift work that involved circadian disruption to be a « probable » carcinogen, noting that human evidence was limited. Using data from 2 prospective cohort studies, the Nurses’ Health Study (1988–2012) and Nurses’ Health Study II (1989–2013), the authors examined associations between rotating night-shift work and breast cancer risk. In conclusion, long-term rotating night-shift work was associated with a higher risk of breast cancer, particularly among women who performed shift work during young adulthood. Further studies should explore the role of shift work timing on breast cancer risk.

    Source: Wegrzyn, Lani R., Tamimi, Rulla M., Rosner, Bernard A., Brown, Susan B., Stevens, Richard G., Eliassen, A. Heather… Schernhammer, Eva S.. (2017). American Journal of Epidemiology, 186(5), 532-540. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwx140

  • To prevent an accumulation of strain during work and to reduce error risk, many countries have made rest breaks mandatory. In the nursing literature, insufficient rest break organization is often reported. However, the outcomes of nurses’ rest break organization and its anteceding factors are less clear. The authors found 93 potentially relevant articles published between 01/1990 and 04/2016. Several studies reported a high prevalence of missed, interrupted, or delayed rest breaks in nursing. Nurses’ rest breaks often related to better physical and mental well-being but did not affect motivational outcomes and performance systematically.

    Source: Wendsche, Johannes, Ghadiri, Argang, Bengsch, Amelie, & Wegge, Jürgen. (2017). International Journal of Nursing Studies, 75, 85-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2017.07.005

  • Working long hours has been associated with adverse health outcomes. However, a definition of long work hours relative to adverse health risk has not been established. Repeated measures of work hours among approximately 2,000 participants from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (1986–2011), conducted in the United States, were retrospectively analyzed to derive statistically optimized cutpoints of long work hours that best predicted three health outcomes.

    Source: Conway, Sadie H., Pompeii, Lisa A., de Porras, David Gimeno Riuz, Follis, Jack L., & Roberts, Robert E. (2017). American Journal of Epidemiology, 186(2), 173-183. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwx003

HYGIÈNE ET SALUBRITÉ

POUR ACCÉDER AU GUIDE: http://www.oem.msu.edu/images/resources/BleachBrochureJuly2017.pdf

  • Frequent use of workplace disinfectants may increase health care workers’ risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, suggest researchers from France’s National Institute of Health and Medical Research. Analyzing data from 55,185 registered nurses who were part of the Nurses’ Health Study II, researchers in 2009 began studying nurses without COPD and followed them until this past May. Specific disinfectants analyzed included glutaraldehyde (used for medical instruments), bleach, hydrogen peroxide, alcohol and quaternary ammonium compounds (or « quats, » mainly used for disinfection of surfaces such as floors and furniture). All of the disinfectants were associated with an increased risk of COPD of between 24 percent and 32 percent.

    Source: Use of disinfectants raises risk of COPD among nurses: study. (September 19, 2017). Safety+Health Magazine. Repéré à http://www.safetyandhealthmagazine.com/articles/16143-use-of-disinfectants-raises-risk-of-copd-among-nurses-study

VOIR AUSSI: https://erscongress.org/component/content/article/121-congress-2017/media-centre/press-releases/530-dumas-copd-disinfectants.html

  • Viable air particles pose a risk in areas where sterile preparations are compounded. This study investigated the efficacy of an innovative air purification technology that uses a shielded ultraviolet C light lamp to continuously purify the air in an inpatient pharmacy. Mean airborne fungal and bacterial colony forming units were obtained preinstallation and again in 6 months. A statistically significant decrease of 78% and 62% was observed for fungal and bacterial particles, respectively. This study demonstrates a potential role for this novel technology in decreasing the spread of airborne pathogens.

    Source: Guimera, Don, Trzil, Jean, Joyner, Joy, & Hysmith, Nicholas D. (2017). AJIC: American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2017.07.026

MANUTENTION DE CHARGES

  • This study investigated the effects of carrying a backpack while walking. Critical changes featuring the disproportionality of increases in trunk muscle activation and lumbar joint loading between light and heavy backpack carriage weight may reveal the load-bearing strategy (LBS) of the lumbar spine. This was investigated using an integrated system equipped with a motion analysis, a force platform and a wireless surface electromyography (EMG) system to measure the trunk muscle EMG amplitudes and lumbar joint component forces. A predictive goal programming model was developed to determine the most critical changes in trunk muscle activation and lumbar joint loading. Results suggested that lightweight backpack carriage at approximately 3% of body weight (BW) might reduce the peak lumbosacral compression force by 3% during walking compared with no load condition. The most critical changes in both trunk muscle activation and lumbosacral joint loading were found at a backpack load of 10% of BW.

    Source: Li, Simon S.W., & Chow, Daniel H.K. (2017). Ergosnomics. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2017.1365950

  • This study is concerned with the characteristics of occupational injuries and sick leave for gas cylinder handling workers. Possible incidents and sick leave have been identified and analyzed for 223 occupational accidents in the gas cylinder handling work. Management level of accidents for prioritizing prevention measures is induced for the combination of accident agencies, types, and gas cylinder handling work processes. Accidents occurring during the specific gas cylinder handling work process showed different characteristics, depending on the type and agency of the accident. Most critical accidents that require corrective actions for prevention were slips and trips caused by floors, walkways, steps, or ground surfaces and overexertion and bodily reaction and posture caused by gas cylinder in the manual delivery of heavy cylinders process. Also, fall to lower level caused by floors, walkways, steps, or ground surfaces in the loading to and unloading from vehicles process and struck by or against caused by fixtures in the manual delivery of heavy cylinders process were also ranked high. The findings of this study can be used to develop more effective accident prevention policies to reduce occupational accidents in gas cylinder handling works.

    Source: Kim, Jeong Nam, Jeong, Byung Yong, & Park, Myoung Hwan. (2017). Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing & Service Industries. Prépublication. doi:10.1002/hfm.20711

MÉDICAMENTS DANGEREUX – PHARMACIE

  • An improved organizational safety climate, including increased management commitment, may help prevent exposure to liquid antineoplastic drugs among nurses who administer the medications, a recent NIOSH study suggests. Liquid antineoplastic drugs are used during chemotherapy to treat cancer, as well as arthritis, multiple sclerosis and other conditions. The drugs kill cancer cells but also can harm healthy tissue, making them potentially hazardous to health care workers who handle them. Researchers analyzed data from the 2011 Health and Safety Practices Survey of Healthcare Workers, examining the responses of 1,814 nurses employed by either a hospital or ambulatory health care center who had applied liquid antineoplastic drugs in the past seven days.

    Source: Researchers examine link between safety climate and nurses’ exposure to chemotherapy drugs (August 2, 2017). Safety+Health Magazine. Repéré à http://www.safetyandhealthmagazine.com/articles/16000-researchers-examine-link-between-safety-climate-and-nurses-exposure-to-chemotherapy-drugs

  • Viable air particles pose a risk in areas where sterile preparations are compounded. This study investigated the efficacy of an innovative air purification technology that uses a shielded ultraviolet C light lamp to continuously purify the air in an inpatient pharmacy. Mean airborne fungal and bacterial colony forming units were obtained preinstallation and again in 6 months. A statistically significant decrease of 78% and 62% was observed for fungal and bacterial particles, respectively. This study demonstrates a potential role for this novel technology in decreasing the spread of airborne pathogens.

    Source: Guimera, Don, Trzil, Jean, Joyner, Joy, & Hysmith, Nicholas D. (2017). AJIC: American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2017.07.026

  • Dans le cadre de l’évaluation des expositions professionnelles et afin de sensibiliser les salariés possiblement exposés, plusieurs outils sont disponibles. Alors que la métrologie d’atmosphère est assez peu utilisée dans ce contexte, il peut être pertinent de réaliser une surveillance biologique de l’exposition professionnelle quand elle est disponible ainsi que des frottis de surfaces. Afin d’évaluer une éventuelle contamination de l’environnement du travail des professionnels de santé, quels médicaments anticancéreux peuvent être recherchés sur des frottis de surfaces? À qui peut-on s’adresser pour les réaliser et les analyser. Cette chronique de la section « Vos questions/nos réponses » répond à ces interrogations.

    Source: Passeron, Jean, & Canal-Raffin, Mireille. (Septembre 2017). Références en santé au travail, 151, 121-123. Repéré à http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/QuestionsReponses/TI-RST-QR-122/qr122.pdf

  • Environmental monitoring is usually conducted by surface sampling to detect and quantify the presence of cytotoxic drugs after their reconstitution and administration. This technique reveals the origins of residual contamination and is an important component in order to protect healthcare workers from the potential risk of occupational exposure. The aim of this work is to compare various techniques and results of surface sampling for cytotoxics.

    Source: Petit, Marie, Curti, Christophe, Roche, Manon, Montana, Marc, Bornet, Charleric, & Vanelle, Patrice. (2017). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 189(2):52. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-016-5762-9

  • Oncology workers are occupationally exposed to antineoplastic drugs. This exposure can induce adverse health effects. To reduce their exposure, contamination on surfaces should be kept as low as possible. The main objective of this study was to monitor environmental contamination with cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide, and methotrexate in oncology pharmacy and patient care areas in Canadian centers. The secondary objective was to describe the impact of some factors that may limit contamination.

    Source: Roland, C., Caron, N., & Bussières, J.F. (2017). Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 14(8), 650-658. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2017.1316389

  • La surveillance biologique de l’exposition professionnelle aux médicaments anticancéreux développée depuis quelques années et les frottis de surface ont permis d’identifier les sources et voies d’exposition à tous les stades de leur manipulation, mais également lors de contacts avec les patients traités ou de façon indirecte à partir d’un environnement contaminé. Compte tenu de ces éléments, des mesures de prévention sont à mettre en œuvre. Outre la mise en place depuis une vingtaine d’années d’unités de reconstitution centralisée des chimiothérapies, les données actuelles de contamination montrent la nécessité de réfléchir à des mesures de prévention lors des autres phases d’activités exposantes. Des recommandations existent mais restent pour certaines encore imprécises. Cet article fait le point sur les données de la littérature actuellement disponibles.

    Source: Verdun-Esquer, C., Atge, B., Videau, N., Delva, F., Leclerc, I., Goujon, Y., & Canal-Raffin, M. (2017). Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l’Environnement. Prépublication. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2017.08.012

  • Antineoplastic drugs (ADs) will continue to represent a potential risk for personnel involved in the handling of these compounds and great concerns have been raised by the presence of ADs in many surveyed workplaces. Eight hospitals were investigated by means of wipe sampling for surface residue determination.

    Source: Sottani, Cristina, Grignani, Elena, Oddone, Enrico, Dezza, Beatrice, Negri, Sara, Villani, Simona, & Cottica, Danilo. (2017). Annals of Work Exposure and Health, 61(8), 994-1002. https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxx065

MILIEU DE VIE

  • Que signifie la « qualité relationnelle des soins »? Quelles pratiques concrètes favorisent cette qualité? Un ensemble de recherches conduites au Québec et en France montre que ce travail relationnel ne va pas de soi: au quotidien, les préposés se livrent à de nombreuses opérations visant à entrer en interaction avec les résidents, y compris – voire surtout – avec ceux qui souffrent de troubles cognitifs à un âge avancé. En effet, autant en observant les interactions entre préposés et résidents, qu’en s’entretenant avec des préposés, des résidents et des cadres, les auteurs ont découvert que les préposés mobilisent de nombreuses techniques relationnelles afin d’accomplir leur travail.

    Source: Brossard, Baptiste, & Sapin Leduc, Annie. (2017). Vie et vieillissement, 14(3), 20-24.

  • La formation en cours d’emploi peut présenter une façon d’outiller les PAB pour relever les défis particuliers du métier. On peut se demander toutefois s’il est possible pour les PAB de transférer, dans les situations réelles de travail, les apprentissages réalisés au cours de ces formations. Cet article présente les résultats d’une recherche qui s’est intéressés à une approche enseignée aux PAB dans une formation en cours d’emploi et aux conditions de sa mise en oeuvre en situation réelle, soit l’approche relationnelle de soins (ARS) offerte par l’ASSTSAS. Après avoir décrit en quoi consiste cette formation, les auteurs présentent brièvement la démarche de recherche, pour ensuite exposer comment l’ARS est reçue par les PAB et mise en oeuvre au cours des soins. Seront alors discutés les facteurs qui favorisent ou font obstacles à l’implantation de l’approche au quotidien.

    Source: Bellemare, Marie, Feillou, Isabelle, Viau-Guay, Anabelle, Trudel, Louis, Desrosiers, Johanne, & Guyon, Anne-Céline. (2017). Vie & vieillissement, 14(3), 8-13

NORMES ET LÉGISLATION EN SST

  • This is the first edition of CSA Z1005, Incident investigation. This Standard replaces CAN/CSA-Z796, Accident information, published in 1998. This Standard outlines incident investigation and prevention principles and requirements, the purpose of which is to determine causes and to prevent work-related incidents. CSA Z1005 adheres to management system principles, such as those set out in CSA Z1000, Occupational health and safety management. Use of Z1005 is not contingent on an organization having an occupational health and safety management system (OHSMS); however, it does specify a Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle to ensure that management system deficiencies are identified and addressed. It also complements CSA Z1002, Hazard identification and elimination and risk assessment and control. When hazards are identified and eliminated, and when risk is assessed and controlled in accordance with the principles in CSA Z1002, then the number of work-related incidents can be reduced or prevented.

    Source: Canadian Standard Association. Technical Committee on Incident Investigation and Prevention. (2017). Incident investigation. Norme CSA Z1005-17. Toronto: CSA Group, 54 p. Repéré à http://shop.csa.ca/fr/restofworld/enquetes-sur-les-accidents-et-les-maladies/z1005-17/invt/27004992017

La norme n’est pas encore disponible en français.

  • Il existe des risques à la santé associés à des expositions professionnelles à de faibles concentrations d’amiante (Wolff et al., 2015). Préoccupé par les effets de l’amiante sur la santé humaine ainsi que les enjeux associés à son contrôle, l’INSPQ salue l’initiative du projet de loi fédérale visant l’interdiction de l’amiante au Canada. Il émet toutefois des réserves et des recommandations sur quatre des exemptions prévues à la nouvelle approche réglementaire. Ces exemptions, qui pourraient exposer des travailleurs et la population générale, sont celles relatives à l’exploitation minière, le traitement des résidus miniers pour certaines applications, l’amiante contenu dans un produit antiparasitaire, l’amiante ou produits contenant de l’amiante présentés à des fins éducatives. L’INSPQ s’interroge enfin sur l’exemption générale sur les traces d’amiante d’origine naturelle qui nécessiterait certaines précisions.

    Source: De Guire, Louise, Levasseur, Marie-Eve, Adib, Georges, Krupoves, Alfreda, & Chapados, Maude. (2017). [Montréal]: Institut national de santé publique du Québec, ii, 5 p. Repéré à https://www.inspq.qc.ca/sites/default/files/publications/2266_commentaires_projet_loi_c321.pdf

ORGANISMES COMMUNAUTAIRES

  • Gabriel est bénévole lors d’un festival d’envergure internationale au parc Jean-Drapeau organisé par Festival-en-Folie. Lors de l’ouverture du site le premier jour, il est bousculé par la foule qui se rue vers la scène principale. En chutant, il se tord la cheville. Nathalie, responsable de la sécurité chez Festival-en-Folie, accourt à son secours. Après lui avoir prodigué les premiers soins, elle l’accompagne au chalet des employés. Elle est alors incertaine, peut-elle lui remettre un formulaire de réclamation pour accident de travail, même s’il est un bénévole, et non un employé?

    Source: Lajoie, Émile. (Automne 2017). Prévention au travail, 30(3), 16. Repéré à http://preventionautravail.com/droits-et-obligations/480-les-employeurs-ont-ils-des-obligations-envers-les-benevoles.html

  • Occupational health and safety (OHS) is poorer in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) than in large corporations. Fatal accidents are up to eight times more frequent in SMEs and non-fatal injuries are as much as 50% more likely to occur. In order to improve the OHS status of SMEs, the constraints under which these businesses operate must be taken into account. In this critical review of the literature, we present an overview of research and industrial practices relating to OHS performance evaluation, and therefore of the information-gathering tools developed or adapted for this purpose, with emphasis on the SME context. The goal of this work is to identify avenues of research that are likely to yield practical means of meeting the challenge of integrating OHS into SME culture.

    Source: Tremblay, Alec, & Badri, Adel. (2018). Safety Science, 260-267

PRÉVENTION DES INFECTIONS

VOIR AUSSI: https://internationalsafetycenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Consensus-Statement-Improving-Work-Wear-for-Healthcare.pdf

  • Viable air particles pose a risk in areas where sterile preparations are compounded. This study investigated the efficacy of an innovative air purification technology that uses a shielded ultraviolet C light lamp to continuously purify the air in an inpatient pharmacy. Mean airborne fungal and bacterial colony forming units were obtained preinstallation and again in 6 months. A statistically significant decrease of 78% and 62% was observed for fungal and bacterial particles, respectively. This study demonstrates a potential role for this novel technology in decreasing the spread of airborne pathogens.

    Source: Guimera, Don, Trzil, Jean, Joyner, Joy, & Hysmith, Nicholas D. (2017). AJIC: American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2017.07.026

  • Over the years, employee health professionals have occasionally found themselves at odds with their colleagues in infection prevention on issues like mandated flu shots or the level of respiratory protection needed to protect a worker from an emerging infection. The different paradigms for occupational health and infection control were brought to the fore during the Ebola outbreak, but were probably most acurately contrasted during the controversy over infection control measures, or the lack thereof, used to protect healthcare workers during the SARS outbreak in Toronto in 2003.

    Source: Evans, Gary. (September 2017). Hospital Employee Health, 36(9), 97-100. Repéré à https://www.ahcmedia.com/articles/141228-hand-in-glove-employee-health-partners-with-infection-control

  • With the focus on the emergence of multidrug-resistant gram negative pathogens, Clostridium difficile and the re-emergence of childhood diseases like measles, once-predominant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has somewhat fallen off the radar, particularly as an occupational infection. However, the CDC is revisiting MRSA and drug-susceptible staph strains in a major way in its comprehensive new guidelines, « Infection Prevention in Healthcare Personnel. »

    Source: CDC Revisiting MRSA in New HCW Infection Guidelines. (September 2017). Hospital Employee Health, 36(9), 101-102. Repéré à https://www.ahcmedia.com/articles/141229-cdc-revisiting-mrsa-in-new-hcw-infection-guidelines

  • Non-sterile gloves primarily serve as a barrier protection for health care workers (HCWs). However, pathogens may often contaminate the skin of HCWs during glove removal; therefore, pathogens may be further transmitted and cause nosocomial infections. A field study was conducted comparing contamination rates when using standard gloves or a new modified product equipped with an additional flap (doffing aid) for easier removal. Gloves were removed after bathing gloved hands in an artificial fluorescent lotion. The number of contamination spots was then visually examined using ultraviolet light.

    Source: Gleser, Maxim, Schwab, Frank, Solbach, Philipp, & Vonberg, Ralf-Peter. (2017). AJIC: American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2017.08.024

  • The goal of this study was to examine the impact of assistance with donning and time on quantitative fit factors and pass rates for subjects wearing an N95 filtering facepiece respirator and a non-certified adhesive mask. Fit factors were measured using two side-by-side TSI Portacount instruments sampling second-by-second simultaneous inside- and outside-facepiece concentrations. Naïve subjects made two visits at least one week apart. At each visit subjects first donned either the respirator or adhesive mask without assistance and performed a five-exercise fast fit test. They then donned a new respirator or mask with assistance in proper donning (e.g., proper forming of the nosepiece, strap placement, etc.) and performed a second five-exercise fast fit test. The same sequence of unassisted and assisted donning was then repeated with the other facepiece.

    Source: Rembialkowski, Brian, Sietsema, Margaret, & Brosseau, Lisa. (2017). Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 14(9), 669-673. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2017.1319569

  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate all available literature and develop a pooled estimate of the risk of sharps injuries (SI) among home care (HC) nurses and aides. A systematic literature search was conducted and relevant articles were reviewed following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Primary outcome data from studies identified by the systematic review were pooled using a random effects model to calculate a summary measure of SI risk for nurses and for aides. Five articles were included in the final analysis.

    Source: Brouillette, Natalie M., Quinn, Margaret, & Kriebel, David. (2017). JOEM: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001160

  • This pilot study aimed at determining the Workplace Protection Factor (WPF) for respiratory protective devices widely used by health care workers to reduce exposure to potentially hazardous aerosols when attending patients in their homes. Two devices were tested, an N95 filtering facepiece respirator (FFR) and a surgical mask (SM). The results showed that wearing an N95-certified respirator helps significantly reduce the aerosol inhalation exposure of home-attending health care workers. An SM offers much lower protection. The WPF depends on several factors, including, but not limited to, the health care worker’s activity and/or body movements; the WPF varies from one worker to another.

    Source: Elmashae, Yousef, Grinshpun, Sergey A., Reponen, Tiina, Yermakov, Michael, & Riddle, Robert. (2017). Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 14(9), D145-D149. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2017.1319571

  • Surgical glove perforation may expose both patients and staff members to severe complications. This study aimed to determine surgical glove perforation rate and the factors associated with glove defect.This study highlighted an important problem neglected by surgical teams. The findings reaffirm the importance of double-gloving and changing gloves in surgeries of more than 90 minutes’ duration.

    Source: Tlili, Mohamed Ayoub, Belgacem, Amina, Sridi, Haifa, Akouri, Maha, Aouicha, Wiem, Soussi, Sonia, Dabbebi, Faten, & Dhiab, Mohamed Ben. (2017). AJIC: American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2017.07.016

  • National blood exposure (BE) surveys are valuable to health care facilities striving to reduce percutaneous sharps injuries (SIs) or mucocutaneous (MC) exposures among their health care workers (HCWs). In the Exposure Survey of Trends in Occupational Practice (EXPO-S.T.O.P.) 2015 was surveyed hospital BE incidence among members of the Association of Occupational Health Professionals in Healthcare.

    Source: Grimmond, T., & Good, L. (2017). AJIC: American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2017.05.023

  • L’étude menée au CHIC de Castres-Mazamet et au CH de Revel vise à établir les attitudes et pratiques des personnels en matière de vaccination. Le taux de couverture contre la grippe saisonnière est comparable avec celui d’autres enquêtes françaises. Les personnels paramédicaux sont moins couverts que les personnels médicaux, l’âge est le facteur le plus étroitement associé à la vaccination. Les trois quarts des personnels non couverts ne souhaitent pas se faire vacciner. Près de la moitié des répondants pensent que les soignants n’ont pas à montrer l’exemple en matière de vaccination. Les arguments jugés les plus convaincants en faveur de la vaccination sont la protection de la famille, puis celle des patients et des collègues. Les répondants expriment une demande d’information scientifique claire et précise, assorties d’échanges, de préférence au niveau de leur service.

    Source: Maurette, Max, Pinzelli, Pierre, Sandev, Aleksandar Yordanov, & Nock, Francis. (2017). Santé publique, 29(2), 191-199. Repéré à https://www.cairn.info/revue-sante-publique-2017-2-p-191.htm

PRODUITS TOXIQUES

POUR ACCÉDER AU GUIDE: http://www.oem.msu.edu/images/resources/BleachBrochureJuly2017.pdf

  • Frequent use of workplace disinfectants may increase health care workers’ risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, suggest researchers from France’s National Institute of Health and Medical Research. Analyzing data from 55,185 registered nurses who were part of the Nurses’ Health Study II, researchers in 2009 began studying nurses without COPD and followed them until this past May. Specific disinfectants analyzed included glutaraldehyde (used for medical instruments), bleach, hydrogen peroxide, alcohol and quaternary ammonium compounds (or « quats, » mainly used for disinfection of surfaces such as floors and furniture). All of the disinfectants were associated with an increased risk of COPD of between 24 percent and 32 percent.

    Source: Use of disinfectants raises risk of COPD among nurses: study. (September 19, 2017). Safety+Health Magazine. Repéré à http://www.safetyandhealthmagazine.com/articles/16143-use-of-disinfectants-raises-risk-of-copd-among-nurses-study

VOIR AUSSI: https://erscongress.org/component/content/article/121-congress-2017/media-centre/press-releases/530-dumas-copd-disinfectants.html

  • This study examines the hydrogen peroxide concentrations measured near four models of hydrogen peroxide sterilizers, from two manufacturers, monitored in seven hospitals across the U.S. and Canada over several years. The results showed that the majority of sterilizers do not emit hazardous levels of hydrogen peroxide and none of them exceeded the OSHA PEL of 1 ppm (8-hr time-weighted average (TWA)), however several of the sterilizers exceeded 3 ppm, the short-term exposure limit in two states. One hospital found brief concentrations of 25–40 ppm hydrogen peroxide from 4 hydrogen peroxide sterilizers each time they opened the sterilizer at the end of its cycle. Although not exceeding the OSHA PEL, these exposures are of concern since this concentration is roughly half the NIOSH IDLH of 75 ppm, and operators in a busy hospital environment may receive these exposures multiple times a day.

    Source: Cornelia, Robert, & Warburton. Richard. (2017). Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 14(9), D150-D157. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2017.1335401

  • Fentanyl and its analogues pose a potential hazard to a variety of responders who could come into contact with these drugs in the course of their work. Possible exposure routes to fentanyl and its analogues can vary based on the source and form of the drug. Responders are most likely to encounter illicitly manufactured fentanyl and its analogues in powder, tablet, and liquid form. Potential exposure routes of greatest concern include inhalation, mucous membrane contact, ingestion, and percutaneous exposure (e.g., needlestick). Any of these exposure routes can potentially result in a variety of symptoms that can include the rapid onset of life-threatening respiratory depression. Skin contact is also a potential exposure route, but is not likely to lead to overdose unless large volumes of highly concentrated powder are encountered over an extended period of time. Brief skin contact with fentanyl or its analogues is not expected to lead to toxic effects if any visible contamination is promptly removed. There are no established federal or consensus occupational exposure limits for fentanyl or its analogues.

    Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). (August 30, 2017). NIOSH Workplace Safety & Health Topics. Protecting Workers at Risk. Repéré à https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/fentanyl/risk.html

  • As 3D printing is a relatively new industry, not much is known about the possible impact on safety and health at work. This expert review provides a brief introduction to 3D printing and examines the risks involved in it. The reader will be left with a better understanding of the issues and of the changes needed to ensure that this new industry is safe and healthy to work in.

    Source: European Agency for Safety and Health at Work. (2017). Bilbao, Spain: EU-OSHA, 13 p. (Discussion paper). Repéré à https://osha.europa.eu/sites/default/files/publications/documents/3D_Printing_Implications_for_OSH_0.pdf

  • Il existe des risques à la santé associés à des expositions professionnelles à de faibles concentrations d’amiante (Wolff et al., 2015). Préoccupé par les effets de l’amiante sur la santé humaine ainsi que les enjeux associés à son contrôle, l’INSPQ salue l’initiative du projet de loi fédérale visant l’interdiction de l’amiante au Canada. Il émet toutefois des réserves et des recommandations sur quatre des exemptions prévues à la nouvelle approche réglementaire. Ces exemptions, qui pourraient exposer des travailleurs et la population générale, sont celles relatives à l’exploitation minière, le traitement des résidus miniers pour certaines applications, l’amiante contenu dans un produit antiparasitaire, l’amiante ou produits contenant de l’amiante présentés à des fins éducatives. L’INSPQ s’interroge enfin sur l’exemption générale sur les traces d’amiante d’origine naturelle qui nécessiterait certaines précisions.

    Source: De Guire, Louise, Levasseur, Marie-Eve, Adib, Georges, Krupoves, Alfreda, & Chapados, Maude. (2017). [Montréal]: Institut national de santé publique du Québec, ii, 5 p. Repéré à https://www.inspq.qc.ca/sites/default/files/publications/2266_commentaires_projet_loi_c321.pdf

PROMOTION DE LA SANTÉ EN MILIEU DE TRAVAIL

  • Le rôle de l’alimentation et de l’activité physique dans la santé n’est plus à démontrer. Le chef d’entreprise a un devoir de prévention pour la santé de ses salariés, mais il n’interfère ni dans le contenu de leurs assiettes ni dans leur activité physique. Peut-il toutefois contribuer à leur santé nutritionnelle? Quels peuvent être ses partenaires pour atteindre cet objectif?

    Source: Delaval, Katia. (Avril 2017). Travail & sécurité, 782, 30-31. Repéré à http://www.travail-et-securite.fr/dms/ts/ArticleTS/TI-TS782_INRS_P30-31

PROTECTION RESPIRATOIRE

  • The goal of this study was to examine the impact of assistance with donning and time on quantitative fit factors and pass rates for subjects wearing an N95 filtering facepiece respirator and a non-certified adhesive mask. Fit factors were measured using two side-by-side TSI Portacount instruments sampling second-by-second simultaneous inside- and outside-facepiece concentrations. Naïve subjects made two visits at least one week apart. At each visit subjects first donned either the respirator or adhesive mask without assistance and performed a five-exercise fast fit test. They then donned a new respirator or mask with assistance in proper donning (e.g., proper forming of the nosepiece, strap placement, etc.) and performed a second five-exercise fast fit test. The same sequence of unassisted and assisted donning was then repeated with the other facepiece.

    Source: Rembialkowski, Brian, Sietsema, Margaret, & Brosseau, Lisa. (2017). Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 14(9), 669-673. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2017.1319569

  • This pilot study aimed at determining the Workplace Protection Factor (WPF) for respiratory protective devices widely used by health care workers to reduce exposure to potentially hazardous aerosols when attending patients in their homes. Two devices were tested, an N95 filtering facepiece respirator (FFR) and a surgical mask (SM). The results showed that wearing an N95-certified respirator helps significantly reduce the aerosol inhalation exposure of home-attending health care workers. An SM offers much lower protection. The WPF depends on several factors, including, but not limited to, the health care worker’s activity and/or body movements; the WPF varies from one worker to another.

    Source: Elmashae, Yousef, Grinshpun, Sergey A., Reponen, Tiina, Yermakov, Michael, & Riddle, Robert. (2017). Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 14(9), D145-D149. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2017.1319571

PUBLICATIONS DE L’ASSTSAS

  • Pour changer des ampoules, nettoyer des fenêtres, accéder à la toiture, entretenir un système de ventilation, entreposer les dossiers d’archives ou réparer un mur, les échelles, les escabeaux et les échafaudages sont des équipements indispensables. Leur utilisation demande toutefois une très grande prudence. De multiples facteurs peuvent contribuer à une chute pour le travailleur (ex. : installation déficiente, absence d’équipement de protection, postures contraignantes, utilisation inadéquate). Lors du travail en hauteur, les principaux risques pour le travailleur sont le basculement, la chute en hauteur et l’électrocution. Cette brochure traite du respect des règles de sécurité pour éviter les accidents.

    Source: Hensley, Valérie. (2017). Montréal, ASSTSAS,13, [5] p. Repéré à http://asstsas.qc.ca/sites/default/files/publications/documents/Guides_Broch_Depl/B34-action-ECHELLES-web.pdf

QUALITÉ DE L’AIR

  • Evidence of the harmful effects of surgical smoke has been recognized in the literature and by professional organizations for many years, yet surgical smoke continues to pose a safety hazard for patients and perioperative personnel. A team of perioperative nurses and educators sought to improve compliance with policies and procedures for surgical smoke management in the OR. The team quantified smoke-evacuator use, assessed staff members’ knowledge using a pre-education survey, and presented a three-part multimodal education program. The team conducted a posteducation survey that showed significant improvement in staff members’ knowledge.

    Source: Chavis, Sherry, Wagner, Vicki, Becker, Melanie, Bowerman, Mercelita I., & Jamias, Mary Shirley. (2016). AORN Journal, 103(3), 289-296. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aorn.2016.01.007

RETOUR AU TRAVAIL

  • Par la création de ce cadre de référence, le ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux souhaite énoncer et faire connaître aux établissements les bonnes pratiques issues de la littérature ainsi que les orientations privilégiées par le Ministère en matière de soutien et de réintégration au travail des employés en invalidité. Il souhaite également présenter aux établissements une démarche d’implantation qu’ils peuvent réaliser et leur fournir des outils pour qu’ils puissent mettre en place ou bonifier leur propre programme de soutien et de réintégration au travail des employés en invalidité. Il s’adresse d’abord à la haute direction, particulièrement à la Direction des ressources humaines, des communications et des affaires juridiques, qui est responsable du service de la gestion de la présence au travail. Il s’adresse ensuite à l’ensemble du personnel d’encadrement et des employés des établissements, qui ont tous un rôle à jouer dans le soutien et la réintégration au travail des employés en invalidité.

    Source: Carrier, Pier-Ann, Landry, Mona. (2017). [Québec]: Direction des communications du ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, 71 p. Repéré à http://publications.msss.gouv.qc.ca/msss/fichiers/2017/17-529-01W.pdf

SÉCURITÉ DES MACHINES – CADENASSAGE

  • Une sécurité équivalente au cadenassage est-elle possible? Quatre questions sont soulevées dans cet article. Les réponses nous permettent de s’y retrouver suite à de nouvelles mises à jour règlementaires.

    Source: Daoust, Alain. (2017). Travail et santé, 33(3), 8-11.

CET ARTICLE N’EST PAS DISPONIBLE EN VERSION ÉLECTRONIQUE

SÉCURITÉ ROUTIÈRE

SANTÉ – BIEN-ÊTRE AU TRAVAIL

  • Comment les entreprises, même de petite taille, peuvent-elles contribuer à l’amélioration de la santé mentale de leurs employés et, du même coup, réduire les demandes d’indemnisation auprès des compagnies d’assurances? Voici des pistes, trop rentables pour qu’on n’en tienne pas compte.

    Source: Durand, Pierre, & Marchand, Alain. (Automne 2017), Gestion, 42(3), 104-107. Repéré à http://www.revuegestion.ca/catalog/revue-gestion/articles/la-sante-et-le-bien-etre-en-milieu-de-travail-rentables-et-a-la-portee-de-toutes-les-entreprises.html

  • Les déterminants de la santé des salariés et le rôle du soutien social ont donné lieu à de nombreuses études. Néanmoins, les travaux se sont principalement focalisés sur les aspects négatifs au détriment des aspects positifs, tels que le bien-être. Aussi, l’objectif de la présente étude est d’examiner les facteurs renforçant le bien-être subjectif au travail et notamment le rôle médiateur du soutien social perçu. Un total de 2553 salariés de 7 entreprises françaises ont complété une mesure de satisfaction à l’égard de l’environnement de travail, de soutien social perçu, de stress perçu et de bien-être subjectif au travail. Ils avaient aussi l’opportunité de reporter un vécu de situations stressantes et/ou positives au travail.

    Source: Mellor, N., Dufoix, F., Saunder, L., Albert, E., & Collange, J. (2017). Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l’Environnement, 78(4). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2017.08.003

  • The present study was designed to examine the effects of active rest by workplace units on not only workers’ individual vigor but also workplace vigor and presenteeism. A total of 130 workers performed our active rest (short-time exercise) program for 10 minutes per day during their lunch breaks, three to four times per week for 8 weeks. The results suggest that the introduction of active rest program by workplace units provides a viable means for improving workplace vigor and presenteeism.

    Source: Michishita, Ryoma, Jiang, Ying, Ariyoshi, Daisuke, Yoshida, Marie, Moriyama, Hideko, Obata, Yasuko… Yamato, Hiroshi. (2017). JOEM: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001121

  • To prevent an accumulation of strain during work and to reduce error risk, many countries have made rest breaks mandatory. In the nursing literature, insufficient rest break organization is often reported. However, the outcomes of nurses’ rest break organization and its anteceding factors are less clear. The authors found 93 potentially relevant articles published between 01/1990 and 04/2016. Several studies reported a high prevalence of missed, interrupted, or delayed rest breaks in nursing. Nurses’ rest breaks often related to better physical and mental well-being but did not affect motivational outcomes and performance systematically.

    Source: Wendsche, Johannes, Ghadiri, Argang, Bengsch, Amelie, & Wegge, Jürgen. (2017). International Journal of Nursing Studies, 75, 85-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2017.07.005

SANTÉ PSYCHOLOGIQUE

  • The objective was to assessed the intrapersonal, interpersonal, and organizational factors that predicted job satisfaction among long-term care employees. The authors assessed if higher physical activity levels, fewer symptoms of depression, stress, and/or anxiety (ie, decreased mood), less back pain, stronger social support, and reports of low work demands were associated with higher job satisfaction.

    Source: Kelly, Doran, Resnick, Barbara, & Swanberg, Jennifer. (2017). JOEM: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001146

  • A large body of evidence demonstrates substantial effects of work-related psychosocial hazards on risks of both musculoskeletal and mental health disorders (MSDs and MHDs), which are two of the most costly occupational health problems in many countries. This study investigated current workplace risk management practices in two industry sectors with high risk of both MSDs and MHDs and evaluated the extent to which risk from psychosocial hazards is being effectively managed.

    Source: Oakman, Jodi, Macdonald, Wendy, Bartram, Timothy, Keegel, Tessa, & Kinsman, Natasha. (2018). Safety Science, 101, 220-230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.09.004

  • Little is known about the factors affecting teamwork and the mental stress of surgical nurses, although the performance of the surgical team is essential for patient safety. The purpose of this study was to evaluate operating room nurses’ perception of teamwork performance and their level of mental stress and to identify related factors.

    Source: Sonoda, Yukio, Onozuka, Daisuke, & Hagihara, Akihito. (2017). Journal of Nursing Management. Prépublication. doi:10.1111/jonm.12522

  • Primary care nurses have been found to have high levels of emotional exhaustion and to be at increased risk of suffering from burnout, anxiety and depression. Given the increasingly critical role of nurses in high-performing primary care, there is a need to identify interventions that can effectively reduce these professionals’ mental health problems and promote their well-being. The aim of this study was to synthesize the evidence on the effectiveness of interventions aiming to promote or improve the mental health of primary care nurses.

    Source: Duhoux, Arnaud, Menear, Matthew, Charron, Maude, Lavoie-Tremblay, Mélanie, & Alderson, Marie. (2017). Journal of Nursing Management. Prépublication. doi:10.1111/jonm.12511

  • Job-related stress in nurses leads to high rates of burnout, compromises patient care, and costs US healthcare organizations billions of dollars annually. Many mindfulness and resiliency programs are taught in a format that limits nurses’ attendance.The study’s purpose was to assess efficacy of blended learning to decrease stress and burnout among nurses through use of the Stress Management and Resiliency Training (SMART) program. Findings showed statistically significant, clinically meaningful decreases in anxiety, stress, and burnout and increases in resilience, happiness, and mindfulness.

    Source: Magtibay, Donna L., Chesak, Sherry S., Coughlin, Kevin, & Sood, Amit. (2017). JONA: Journal of Nursing Administration, 47(7/8), 391-395. doi: 10.1097/NNA.0000000000000501

  • Although criminology has actively engaged with psychological violence in the context of domestic violence and child abuse, it has been slower coming to the fore when it comes to such violence in the workplace. This is despite the well-documented human, organisational, community and service costs associated with such victimisation. As demonstrated in this review, the bulk of strategies that have been trialled to date has been devised from psychology, management and organisational development perspectives. However, there is a paucity of evidence that any of the interventions that are widely promoted have been subjected to robust evaluations or provided evidence of any long-term reduction in the incidence of violence as a consequence of such interventions. Acknowledging there no easy single recipe, it is timely to consider the potential of alternative approaches including the application of guardianship and related principles from the routine activity approach, which are well-established strategies for prevention of victimisation in a range of contexts as set out in this review.

    Source: Schindler, Emily, & Reynald, Danielle M. (2017). Aggression and Violent Behavior, 36, 25-33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2017.07.004

  • As organisations experience rapid change, employee health and well-being has emerged as an important issue. Although organisational change can result in psychological and physical stress among employees (Hylton, 2004), providing positive organisational resources, such as support and job control, may help reduce employee burnout (e.g., Dubois et al., 2014; Leiter and Maslach, 2009; Puleo, 2011). Therefore, using a sample of Canadian health-care staff (N = 202) who were involved in a large-scale organisational change, we investigated: (a) whether perceptions of organisational change stressors were associated with burnout (i.e., exhaustion, cynicism, and professional efficacy), (b) the extent to which supervisor support and job control were directly related to burnout, and (c) whether support and control moderated the relationship between change stressors and burnout. Job control was directly related to all of the burnout components, and support was related to exhaustion and cynicism. Supervisor support buffered the negative relationship between change stressors and exhaustion and between change stressors and cynicism. Job control moderated the negative relationship between change and professional efficacy.

    Source: Day, Arla, Crown, Sarah N., & Ivany, Meredith. (2017). Safety Science, 100 (PartA), 4-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.03.004

  • Comment les entreprises, même de petite taille, peuvent-elles contribuer à l’amélioration de la santé mentale de leurs employés et, du même coup, réduire les demandes d’indemnisation auprès des compagnies d’assurances? Voici des pistes, trop rentables pour qu’on n’en tienne pas compte.

    Source: Durand, Pierre, & Marchand, Alain. (Automne 2017), Gestion, 42(3), 104-107. Repéré à http://www.revuegestion.ca/catalog/revue-gestion/articles/la-sante-et-le-bien-etre-en-milieu-de-travail-rentables-et-a-la-portee-de-toutes-les-entreprises.html

  • Les déterminants de la santé des salariés et le rôle du soutien social ont donné lieu à de nombreuses études. Néanmoins, les travaux se sont principalement focalisés sur les aspects négatifs au détriment des aspects positifs, tels que le bien-être. Aussi, l’objectif de la présente étude est d’examiner les facteurs renforçant le bien-être subjectif au travail et notamment le rôle médiateur du soutien social perçu. Un total de 2553 salariés de 7 entreprises françaises ont complété une mesure de satisfaction à l’égard de l’environnement de travail, de soutien social perçu, de stress perçu et de bien-être subjectif au travail. Ils avaient aussi l’opportunité de reporter un vécu de situations stressantes et/ou positives au travail.

    Source: Mellor, N., Dufoix, F., Saunder, L., Albert, E., & Collange, J. (2017). Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de l’Environnement, 78(4). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.admp.2017.08.003

  • The aim of this study was to determine whether individuals who participated in an intervention to reduce sitting at work would report changes in arousal, fatigue, and mood. Inactive females with full-time sedentary occupations were randomly assigned to take short, frequent breaks or longer, planned breaks from sitting each workday for 8 weeks. At baseline and postintervention, participants completed measures of arousal, fatigue, and mood. Within- and between-group changes were examined. This study suggests that taking short, frequent breaks from sitting may be an effective strategy for improving affective outcomes among sedentary female employees.

    Source: Mailey, Emily L., Rosenkranz, Sara K., Ablah, Elizabeth, Swank, Aaron, & Casey, Kelsey. (2017). JOEM: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001131

  • The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between role stress, emotional exhaustion, and a supportive coworker climate among health care workers, by adopting a multilevel perspective. This study supports previous results of single-level burnout studies, extending the existing literature with evidence on the multidimensional and cross-level interaction associations of a supportive coworker climate as a key aspect of job resources on burnout.

    Source: Portoghese, Igor, Galletta, Maura, Burdorf, Alex, Cocco, Pierluigi, Aloja, Ernesto, & Campagna, Marcello. (2017). JOEM: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001122

  • The study assessed the impact of mindfulness training on occupational safety of hospital health care workers. The study used a randomized waitlist-controlled trial design to test the effect of an 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) course on self-reported health care worker safety outcomes, measured at baseline, postintervention, and 6 months later. The results showed that mindfulness training may potentially decrease occupational injuries of health care workers.

    Source: Valley, Morgan Anne, & Stallones, Lorann. (2017). JOEM: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001090

  • Transformational leaders spark the intrinsic motivation of employees, thereby stimulating their extra-role performance. However, not all employees are lucky enough to have a transformational leader. The purpose of this paper is to investigate to what extent mindfulness can function as a substitute for transformational leadership. By being attentive to and aware of what is taking place in the present, mindfulness provides employees with a source of intrinsic motivation that lies within the person, thereby possibly making employees less dependent on transformational leadership. This paper is the first to show that mindful people are more resilient against the absence of transformational leadership. Given the frequent changes in management layers in organizations, knowledge about resources for individual resilience and self-management is sorely needed.

    Source: Kroon, Brigitte, van Woerkom, Marianne, & Menting, Charlotte. (2017). Journal of Managerial Psychology, 32(4), 284-297. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMP-07-2016-0223

  • L’Enquête québécoise sur la santé de la population (EQSP) permet également de mesurer de nombreux indicateurs liés à la santé en milieu de travail et de décrire les conditions de travail. L’enquête aborde pour la première fois la conciliation travail-famille, le harcèlement psychologique au travail, la détresse psychologique au travail, les troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) d’origine non traumatique liés au travail et la surdité attribuable au travail. L’EQSP contient aussi des informations à propos, entre autres, de l’environnement organisationnel (niveau de soutien au travail, tension au travail, exigences psychologiques, niveau d’autorité décisionnelle, niveau de reconnaissance) et de l’environnement physique et des conditions ambiantes. Dans cet article, l’auteur s’intéresse aux contraintes physiques du travail, à la prévalence de troubles musculosquelettiques au travail, à la conciliation emploi-famille et au harcèlement psychologique.

    Source: Demers, Marc-André. (Juin 2017). Flash-Info, 18(2),11-19. Repéré à http://www.stat.gouv.qc.ca/statistiques/travail-remuneration/bulletins/flash-info-201706.pdf#page=11

  • The concept of employees’ commitment is one of the most challenging concepts in the management, organizational behaviour and human resource management literatures and research. The current study focuses on the construct of commitment as an emotional attitude, and expands the concept of general organizational commitment to a new more specific form of commitment, commitment to safety. Furthermore, commitment theorists commonly identify leadership as an important contributing factor to the development of organizational commitment. The authors aimed to explain an underlying motivational mechanism, self-regulatory foci, through which leadership styles foster followers’ commitment.

    Source: Delegach, Marianna, Kark, Ronit, Katz-Navon, Tal, & Van Dijk, Dina. (2017). European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. Prépublication. 1-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2017.1345884

  • To increase employees’ psychological health and to achieve a competitive advantage, organizations are increasingly introducing flexible work arrangements (FWAs) and stress management training (SMT). This paper provides meta-analytic evidence of the effects of two forms of FWA (flexitime and telecommuting) and three forms of SMT (cognitive-behavioural skills training, relaxation techniques and multiple SMT) on employees’ psychological health, job satisfaction, job performance and absenteeism.

    Source: Kröll, Claudia, Doebler, Philipp, & Nüesch, Stephan. (2017). European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. Prépublication. 1-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2017.1347157

SERVICES À DOMICILE

  • This study is concerned with the characteristics of occupational injuries and sick leave for gas cylinder handling workers. Possible incidents and sick leave have been identified and analyzed for 223 occupational accidents in the gas cylinder handling work. Management level of accidents for prioritizing prevention measures is induced for the combination of accident agencies, types, and gas cylinder handling work processes. Accidents occurring during the specific gas cylinder handling work process showed different characteristics, depending on the type and agency of the accident. Most critical accidents that require corrective actions for prevention were slips and trips caused by floors, walkways, steps, or ground surfaces and overexertion and bodily reaction and posture caused by gas cylinder in the manual delivery of heavy cylinders process. Also, fall to lower level caused by floors, walkways, steps, or ground surfaces in the loading to and unloading from vehicles process and struck by or against caused by fixtures in the manual delivery of heavy cylinders process were also ranked high. The findings of this study can be used to develop more effective accident prevention policies to reduce occupational accidents in gas cylinder handling works.

    Source: Kim, Jeong Nam, Jeong, Byung Yong, & Park, Myoung Hwan. (2017). Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing & Service Industries. Prépublication. doi:10.1002/hfm.20711

  • This study investigated the effects of carrying a backpack while walking. Critical changes featuring the disproportionality of increases in trunk muscle activation and lumbar joint loading between light and heavy backpack carriage weight may reveal the load-bearing strategy (LBS) of the lumbar spine. This was investigated using an integrated system equipped with a motion analysis, a force platform and a wireless surface electromyography (EMG) system to measure the trunk muscle EMG amplitudes and lumbar joint component forces. A predictive goal programming model was developed to determine the most critical changes in trunk muscle activation and lumbar joint loading. Results suggested that lightweight backpack carriage at approximately 3% of body weight (BW) might reduce the peak lumbosacral compression force by 3% during walking compared with no load condition. The most critical changes in both trunk muscle activation and lumbosacral joint loading were found at a backpack load of 10% of BW.

    Source: Li, Simon S.W., & Chow, Daniel H.K. (2017). Ergonomics. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2017.1365950

  • This pilot study aimed at determining the Workplace Protection Factor (WPF) for respiratory protective devices widely used by health care workers to reduce exposure to potentially hazardous aerosols when attending patients in their homes. Two devices were tested, an N95 filtering facepiece respirator (FFR) and a surgical mask (SM). The results showed that wearing an N95-certified respirator helps significantly reduce the aerosol inhalation exposure of home-attending health care workers. An SM offers much lower protection. The WPF depends on several factors, including, but not limited to, the health care worker’s activity and/or body movements; the WPF varies from one worker to another.

    Source: Elmashae, Yousef, Grinshpun, Sergey A., Reponen, Tiina, Yermakov, Michael, & Riddle, Robert. (2017). Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 14(9), D145-D149. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2017.1319571

  • Slip, trip and fall (STFs) injuries are a significant problem in all industries, yet there are no significant prior reports assessing the relationship between occupational factors and STFs among home healthcare workers (HHCWs) who represent an ever increasing number of workers in the healthcare sector. The unpredictable nature of the work environment specific to HHCWs may lead to an increase in injuries from STFs. The purpose of this study was to quantify associations between occupational factors and STFs among HHCWs.

    Source: Merryweather, Andrew S., Thiese, Matthew S., Kapellusch, Jay M., Garg, Arun, Fix, Dillon J., & Hegmann, Kurt T. (2017). Safety Science. Prépublication. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.07.002

SERVICES AMBULANCIERS – PRÉHOSPITALIERS

  • Fentanyl and its analogues pose a potential hazard to a variety of responders who could come into contact with these drugs in the course of their work. Possible exposure routes to fentanyl and its analogues can vary based on the source and form of the drug. Responders are most likely to encounter illicitly manufactured fentanyl and its analogues in powder, tablet, and liquid form. Potential exposure routes of greatest concern include inhalation, mucous membrane contact, ingestion, and percutaneous exposure (e.g., needlestick). Any of these exposure routes can potentially result in a variety of symptoms that can include the rapid onset of life-threatening respiratory depression. Skin contact is also a potential exposure route, but is not likely to lead to overdose unless large volumes of highly concentrated powder are encountered over an extended period of time. Brief skin contact with fentanyl or its analogues is not expected to lead to toxic effects if any visible contamination is promptly removed. There are no established federal or consensus occupational exposure limits for fentanyl or its analogues.

    Source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). (August 30, 2017). NIOSH Workplace Safety & Health Topics. Protecting Workers at Risk. Repéré à https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/fentanyl/risk.html

  • More than 350 Alberta Health Services (AHS) ground ambulances will be equipped with power stretchers and load systems. The stretchers use a battery-powered hydraulic system to lift up to 317 kilograms (700 pounds) safely and without physical strain. Alberta Health Services installed electronic lifts in eight inter-facility transfer vehicles in 2015 as part of a pilot project. During that time, not a single lift-related injury was reported by staff using the new equipment. Over that same 18-month period, 84 patient-handling injuries were reported amongst EMS staff working on vehicles without the lifts.

    Source: Alberta installing power lifts in ambulances to reduce paramedic injuries. (August/September 2017). Canadian Occupational Safety, 55(4), 6. Repéré à http://www.cos-mag.com/occupational-hygiene/34014-alberta-installing-power-lifts-in-ambulances-to-reduce-paramedic-injuries/

  • In Canada, paramedics remain as one of the few public safety occupations without an evidence-based, validated physical employment standard (PES). The purpose of this study was to document and describe the physical demands of paramedic work and to identify the most physically demanding tasks. These outcomes are essential to inform the design and development of an evidence-based PES for the paramedic sector.

    Source: Fischer, Steven L., Sinden, Kathryn E., & MacPhee, Renee S. (2017). Applied Ergonomics, 65, 233-239. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2017.06.021

STATISTIQUES EN SST

STÉRILISATION

  • Frequent use of workplace disinfectants may increase health care workers’ risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, suggest researchers from France’s National Institute of Health and Medical Research. Analyzing data from 55,185 registered nurses who were part of the Nurses’ Health Study II, researchers in 2009 began studying nurses without COPD and followed them until this past May. Specific disinfectants analyzed included glutaraldehyde (used for medical instruments), bleach, hydrogen peroxide, alcohol and quaternary ammonium compounds (or « quats, » mainly used for disinfection of surfaces such as floors and furniture). All of the disinfectants were associated with an increased risk of COPD of between 24 percent and 32 percent.

    Source: Use of disinfectants raises risk of COPD among nurses: study. (September 19, 2017). Safety+Health Magazine. Repéré à http://www.safetyandhealthmagazine.com/articles/16143-use-of-disinfectants-raises-risk-of-copd-among-nurses-study

VOIR AUSSI: https://erscongress.org/component/content/article/121-congress-2017/media-centre/press-releases/530-dumas-copd-disinfectants.html

  • This study examines the hydrogen peroxide concentrations measured near four models of hydrogen peroxide sterilizers, from two manufacturers, monitored in seven hospitals across the U.S. and Canada over several years. The results showed that the majority of sterilizers do not emit hazardous levels of hydrogen peroxide and none of them exceeded the OSHA PEL of 1 ppm (8-hr time-weighted average (TWA)), however several of the sterilizers exceeded 3 ppm, the short-term exposure limit in two states. One hospital found brief concentrations of 25–40 ppm hydrogen peroxide from 4 hydrogen peroxide sterilizers each time they opened the sterilizer at the end of its cycle. Although not exceeding the OSHA PEL, these exposures are of concern since this concentration is roughly half the NIOSH IDLH of 75 ppm, and operators in a busy hospital environment may receive these exposures multiple times a day.

    Source: Cornelia, Robert, & Warburton. Richard. (2017). Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 14(9), D150-D157. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2017.1335401

TRAVAIL DE BUREAU

  • Twelve office workers participated in a study investigating effects of four sit/stand schedules (90-min sit/30-min stand, 80/40, 105/15, and 60/60) via several objective and subjective measures (muscle fatigue, foot swelling, spinal shrinkage, and self-reported discomfort). Results showed that there were no significant differences in shoulder and low back static muscle activities between sitting and standing. Muscle fatigue was developed during workday under all schedules. The longest standing schedule seemed to have a tendency of reducing muscle fatigue. None of the schedules helped or worsened foot swelling and spinal shrinkage. More active break-time activities seemed reducing muscle fatigue and foot swelling. While the self-reported bodily discomfort levels were generally low, the preferred schedules among the participants were varied, although the least standing schedule was the least preferred. We may conclude that effects of using sit–stand workstation to improve musculoskeletal health may be limited but promoting more active break-time activities can help.

    Source: Bao, Stephen, & Lin, Jia-Hua. (2017). Ergonomics. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2017.1353139

  • L’étude a été menée dans 5 centres d’appels (service client, assistance technique et urgence médicale) chez des salariés travaillant avec un casque téléphonique. L’objectif était de déterminer si cette population souffrait de fatigue auditive à la fin d’une journée de travail et si le mode d’exposition au bruit: sous casque ou exposition environnementale, pouvait influencer la fatigue. L’audition des volontaires a été évaluée avant et après leur période de travail par deux tests complémentaires.

    Source: Venet, T., & Thomas, A. (Septembre 2017). Références en santé au travail, 151, 63-69. Repéré à http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/VuDuTerrain/TI-RST-TF-248/tf248.pdf

  • The aim of this study was to determine whether individuals who participated in an intervention to reduce sitting at work would report changes in arousal, fatigue, and mood. Inactive females with full-time sedentary occupations were randomly assigned to take short, frequent breaks or longer, planned breaks from sitting each workday for 8 weeks. At baseline and postintervention, participants completed measures of arousal, fatigue, and mood. Within- and between-group changes were examined. This study suggests that taking short, frequent breaks from sitting may be an effective strategy for improving affective outcomes among sedentary female employees.

    Source: Mailey, Emily L., Rosenkranz, Sara K., Ablah, Elizabeth, Swank, Aaron, & Casey, Kelsey. (2017). JOEM: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001131

  • The present study was designed to examine the effects of active rest by workplace units on not only workers’ individual vigor but also workplace vigor and presenteeism. A total of 130 workers performed our active rest (short-time exercise) program for 10 minutes per day during their lunch breaks, three to four times per week for 8 weeks. The results suggest that the introduction of active rest program by workplace units provides a viable means for improving workplace vigor and presenteeism.

    Source: Michishita, Ryoma, Jiang, Ying, Ariyoshi, Daisuke, Yoshida, Marie, Moriyama, Hideko, Obata, Yasuko… Yamato, Hiroshi. (2017). JOEM: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001121

  • Current UK workplace health promotion guidance recommends that employers minimize sedentary behaviors, but understanding the issues relating to prolonged workplace sitting has received little empirical attention. This study aimed to explore employees’ perceptions of sitting time. This study has highlighted that in addition to personal determinants, the workplace environment and organizational culture have a key role in supporting employees’ potential adoption of healthier sitting behavior in the workplace.

    Source: Flint, Stuart William, Crank, Helen, Tew, Garry, & Till, Simon. (2017). JOEM: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001130

  • Dans le secteur tertiaire, les salariés des bureaux ouverts se plaignent très souvent du bruit. Le médecin du travail ou le préventeur d’entreprise sont généralement démunis pour accompagner une démarche globale de réduction de cette nuisance. Des études de terrain ont permis de construire une approche complète permettant à la fois d’objectiver l’acoustique du local et d’éclairer les difficultés ressenties par les salariés. L’analyse de l’activité est un point clé de cette approche, car les besoins de collaboration ou au contraire d’isolement acoustique sont très différents d’une typologie de bureau ouvert à une autre. Cette approche, déclinée aujourd’hui dans une norme française, est détaillée dans cet article et illustrée en s’appuyant sur un exemple de la démarche engagée chez l’opérateur Orange.

    Source: Chevret, P., Chatillon, J., Amato, J.N., & Ottaviani, P. (Septembre 2017). Références en santé au travail, 151, 43-61. Repéré à http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/InfosARetenir/TI-RST-TF-247/tf247.pdf

  • As 3D printing is a relatively new industry, not much is known about the possible impact on safety and health at work. This expert review provides a brief introduction to 3D printing and examines the risks involved in it. The reader will be left with a better understanding of the issues and of the changes needed to ensure that this new industry is safe and healthy to work in.

    Source: European Agency for Safety and Health at Work. (2017). Bilbao, Spain: EU-OSHA, 13 p. (Discussion paper). Repéré à https://osha.europa.eu/sites/default/files/publications/documents/3D_Printing_Implications_for_OSH_0.pdf

TRAVAIL EN ÉQUIPE

  • The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between role stress, emotional exhaustion, and a supportive coworker climate among health care workers, by adopting a multilevel perspective. This study supports previous results of single-level burnout studies, extending the existing literature with evidence on the multidimensional and cross-level interaction associations of a supportive coworker climate as a key aspect of job resources on burnout.

    Source: Portoghese, Igor, Galletta, Maura, Burdorf, Alex, Cocco, Pierluigi, Aloja, Ernesto, & Campagna, Marcello. (2017). JOEM: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001122

TRAVAIL EN HAUTEUR

  • Pour changer des ampoules, nettoyer des fenêtres, accéder à la toiture, entretenir un système de ventilation, entreposer les dossiers d’archives ou réparer un mur, les échelles, les escabeaux et les échafaudages sont des équipements indispensables. Leur utilisation demande toutefois une très grande prudence. De multiples facteurs peuvent contribuer à une chute pour le travailleur (ex. : installation déficiente, absence d’équipement de protection, postures contraignantes, utilisation inadéquate). Lors du travail en hauteur, les principaux risques pour le travailleur sont le basculement, la chute en hauteur et l’électrocution. Cette brochure traite du respect des règles de sécurité pour éviter les accidents.

    Source: Hensley, Valérie. (2017). Montréal, ASSTSAS,13, [5] p. Repéré à http://asstsas.qc.ca/sites/default/files/publications/documents/Guides_Broch_Depl/B34-action-ECHELLES-web.pdf

TRAVAIL SÉDENTAIRE

  • Twelve office workers participated in a study investigating effects of four sit/stand schedules (90-min sit/30-min stand, 80/40, 105/15, and 60/60) via several objective and subjective measures (muscle fatigue, foot swelling, spinal shrinkage, and self-reported discomfort). Results showed that there were no significant differences in shoulder and low back static muscle activities between sitting and standing. Muscle fatigue was developed during workday under all schedules. The longest standing schedule seemed to have a tendency of reducing muscle fatigue. None of the schedules helped or worsened foot swelling and spinal shrinkage. More active break-time activities seemed reducing muscle fatigue and foot swelling. While the self-reported bodily discomfort levels were generally low, the preferred schedules among the participants were varied, although the least standing schedule was the least preferred. We may conclude that effects of using sit–stand workstation to improve musculoskeletal health may be limited but promoting more active break-time activities can help.

    Source: Bao, Stephen, & Lin, Jia-Hua. (2017). Ergonomics. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2017.1353139

  • The aim of this study was to determine whether individuals who participated in an intervention to reduce sitting at work would report changes in arousal, fatigue, and mood. Inactive females with full-time sedentary occupations were randomly assigned to take short, frequent breaks or longer, planned breaks from sitting each workday for 8 weeks. At baseline and postintervention, participants completed measures of arousal, fatigue, and mood. Within- and between-group changes were examined. This study suggests that taking short, frequent breaks from sitting may be an effective strategy for improving affective outcomes among sedentary female employees.

    Source: Mailey, Emily L., Rosenkranz, Sara K., Ablah, Elizabeth, Swank, Aaron, & Casey, Kelsey. (2017). JOEM: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001131

  • The present study was designed to examine the effects of active rest by workplace units on not only workers’ individual vigor but also workplace vigor and presenteeism. A total of 130 workers performed our active rest (short-time exercise) program for 10 minutes per day during their lunch breaks, three to four times per week for 8 weeks. The results suggest that the introduction of active rest program by workplace units provides a viable means for improving workplace vigor and presenteeism.

    Source: Michishita, Ryoma, Jiang, Ying, Ariyoshi, Daisuke, Yoshida, Marie, Moriyama, Hideko, Obata, Yasuko… Yamato, Hiroshi. (2017). JOEM: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001121

  • Current UK workplace health promotion guidance recommends that employers minimize sedentary behaviors, but understanding the issues relating to prolonged workplace sitting has received little empirical attention. This study aimed to explore employees’ perceptions of sitting time. This study has highlighted that in addition to personal determinants, the workplace environment and organizational culture have a key role in supporting employees’ potential adoption of healthier sitting behavior in the workplace.

    Source: Flint, Stuart William, Crank, Helen, Tew, Garry, & Till, Simon. (2017). JOEM: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001130

TROUBLES MUSCULOSQUELETTIQUES (TMS)

  • This study is concerned with the characteristics of occupational injuries and sick leave for gas cylinder handling workers. Possible incidents and sick leave have been identified and analyzed for 223 occupational accidents in the gas cylinder handling work. Management level of accidents for prioritizing prevention measures is induced for the combination of accident agencies, types, and gas cylinder handling work processes. Accidents occurring during the specific gas cylinder handling work process showed different characteristics, depending on the type and agency of the accident. Most critical accidents that require corrective actions for prevention were slips and trips caused by floors, walkways, steps, or ground surfaces and overexertion and bodily reaction and posture caused by gas cylinder in the manual delivery of heavy cylinders process. Also, fall to lower level caused by floors, walkways, steps, or ground surfaces in the loading to and unloading from vehicles process and struck by or against caused by fixtures in the manual delivery of heavy cylinders process were also ranked high. The findings of this study can be used to develop more effective accident prevention policies to reduce occupational accidents in gas cylinder handling works.

    Source: Kim, Jeong Nam, Jeong, Byung Yong, & Park, Myoung Hwan. (2017). Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing & Service Industries. Prépublication. doi:10.1002/hfm.20711

  • A large body of evidence demonstrates substantial effects of work-related psychosocial hazards on risks of both musculoskeletal and mental health disorders (MSDs and MHDs), which are two of the most costly occupational health problems in many countries. This study investigated current workplace risk management practices in two industry sectors with high risk of both MSDs and MHDs and evaluated the extent to which risk from psychosocial hazards is being effectively managed.

    Source: Oakman, Jodi, Macdonald, Wendy, Bartram, Timothy, Keegel, Tessa, & Kinsman, Natasha. (2018). Safety Science, 101, 220-230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.09.004

  • The objective of this study is to compare the prevalence of musculoskeletal and non-musculoskeletal injuries among workers in health care sector, and explore the implications for work disability management. Retrospective study, using workers’ compensation claims data. The risk of idiopathic work-related musculoskeletal disorders continue to be high compared to traumatic and non-musculoskeletal disorders, particularly in tasks that involved high physical activities.

    Source: Oranye, Nelson Ositadimma, & Bennett, Jayson. (2017). Ergonomics. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2017.1361552

  • L’Enquête québécoise sur la santé de la population (EQSP) permet également de mesurer de nombreux indicateurs liés à la santé en milieu de travail et de décrire les conditions de travail. L’enquête aborde pour la première fois la conciliation travail-famille, le harcèlement psychologique au travail, la détresse psychologique au travail, les troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) d’origine non traumatique liés au travail et la surdité attribuable au travail. L’EQSP contient aussi des informations à propos, entre autres, de l’environnement organisationnel (niveau de soutien au travail, tension au travail, exigences psychologiques, niveau d’autorité décisionnelle, niveau de reconnaissance) et de l’environnement physique et des conditions ambiantes. Dans cet article, l’auteur s’intéresse aux contraintes physiques du travail, à la prévalence de troubles musculosquelettiques au travail, à la conciliation emploi-famille et au harcèlement psychologique.

    Source: Demers, Marc-André. (Juin 2017). Flash-Info, 18(2),11-19. Repéré à http://www.stat.gouv.qc.ca/statistiques/travail-remuneration/bulletins/flash-info-201706.pdf#page=11

VACCINATION DU PERSONNEL

  • L’étude menée au CHIC de Castres-Mazamet et au CH de Revel vise à établir les attitudes et pratiques des personnels en matière de vaccination. Le taux de couverture contre la grippe saisonnière est comparable avec celui d’autres enquêtes françaises. Les personnels paramédicaux sont moins couverts que les personnels médicaux, l’âge est le facteur le plus étroitement associé à la vaccination. Les trois quarts des personnels non couverts ne souhaitent pas se faire vacciner. Près de la moitié des répondants pensent que les soignants n’ont pas à montrer l’exemple en matière de vaccination. Les arguments jugés les plus convaincants en faveur de la vaccination sont la protection de la famille, puis celle des patients et des collègues. Les répondants expriment une demande d’information scientifique claire et précise, assorties d’échanges, de préférence au niveau de leur service.

    Source: Maurette, Max, Pinzelli, Pierre, Sandev, Aleksandar Yordanov, & Nock, Francis. (2017). Santé publique, 29(2), 191-199. Repéré à https://www.cairn.info/revue-sante-publique-2017-2-p-191.htm

COIN DE LA DOCUMENTALISTE – FÉVRIER 2017

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ACCIDENTS DE TRAVAIL

  • Preventing work injuries requires a clear understanding of how they occur, how they are recorded, and the accuracy of injury surveillance. This study examine how psychosocial safety climate (PSC) influences the development of reported and unreported physical and psychological workplace injuries beyond (physical) safety climate, via the erosion of psychological health (emotional exhaustion).

    Source : Zadow, Amy Jane, Dollard, Maureen Frances, McLinton, Sarven Savia, Lawrence, Peter, & Tuckey, Michelle Rae. (2017). Stress & Health. Prépublication. doi : 10.1002/smi.2740

  • « Au Québec, tous les 6 jours, un travailleur a perdu la vie à la suite d’un accident du travail ». Voici un des thèmes de la plus récente campagne publicitaire de la CNESST. Bien que tous les efforts soient mis en oeuvre pour éviter que vos employés fassent partie de cette statistique, votre entreprise est-elle outillée pour faire face à une situation d’urgence ? Que faut-il faire dans l’éventualité d’un événement grave dans votre entreprise ?

    Source : Aubé, Yohann. (Septembre-octobre 2016). RH : La revue des CRHA et CRIA, 19(4), 32-35.

ADMINISTRATION DE LA SANTÉ

  • Les modes d’allocation des ressources financières sont déterminants en matière de santé et services sociaux. Au Québec, les dépenses publiques liées aux établissements sociosanitaires et celles liées aux médecins sont gérées séparément. La répartition aux premiers se fait principalement en fonction d’un financement historique alors que les seconds sont majoritairement rémunérés à l’acte. Depuis quelques années, l’ensemble de ce fonctionnement est remis en question. Le gouvernement voudrait d’une part soumettre les établissements à une forme de concurrence et de nombreux observateurs souhaitent modifier la façon de rémunérer les médecins. Cette étude dresse un portrait de la situation actuelle dans ces deux champs de dépenses, explore les différentes avenues en termes de réforme et formule des propositions afin d’améliorer l’ensemble du système sociosanitaire québécois.

    Source : Hébert, Guillaume, Nguyen, Minh, & Sully, Jennie-Laure. (2017). Montréal : Institut de recherche et d’informations socioéconomiques, 77 p. Repéré à http://iris-recherche.s3.amazonaws.com/uploads/publication/file/AltSante_7.pdf

  • Lean healthcare is claimed to contribute to improved patient satisfaction, but there is limited evidence to support this notion. This study investigates how primary-care centres working with Lean define and improve value from the patient’s perspective, and how the application of Lean healthcare influences patient satisfaction. This paper contains two qualitative case studies and a quantitative study based on results from the Swedish National Patient Survey. Through the case studies, we investigated how primary-care organisations realised the principle of defining and improving value from the patient’s perspective.

    Source : Poksinska, Bozena Bonnie, Fialkowska-Filipek, Malgorzata, & Engström, Jon. (2017). BMJ Quality & Safety, 26(2), 95-103. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2015-004290

  • First developed in manufacturing, and championed by the Toyota Motor Corporation, efforts to introduce Lean into healthcare have been met with some scepticism. ‘People are not cars’ has been the refrain of those unwilling to view healthcare as made up of processes that produce products and services, and that is thus amenable to improvement. Healthcare, of course, is different from manufacturing, in that it is not simply the final product that is important to the customers, but also the patient and family experience of care. Also adding complexity in healthcare is the presence of multiple customers, the patient most importantly, and the healthcare providers and staff, and the healthcare institution itself.

    Source : Blackmore, C. Craig, & Kaplan, Gary S. (2017). BMJ Quality & Safety, 26(2), 85-86. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2016-005273

  • Despite the increasing interest for Lean and Six Sigma implementations in hospitals, there has been little empirical evidence that goes beyond descriptive case studies to address the current status and the effectiveness of the implementations. The aim of this study was to explore existing patterns of Lean and Six Sigma implementation in U.S. hospitals and compare the performance of the different patterns.

    Source : Jung Young, Lee, McFadden, Kathleen L., & Gowen, Charles R. III. (2016). Health Care Management Review. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/HMR.0000000000000140

AGRESSIONS ET VIOLENCE

Pour accéder au règlement de la Californie : http://www.dir.ca.gov/OSHSB/documents/Workplace-Violence-Prevention-in-Health-Care-proptxt.pdf

  • Patient aggression and violence against staff members and other patients are common concerns in psychiatric units. Many structured clinical risk assessment tools have recently been developed. Despite their superiority to unaided clinical judgments, staff has shown ambivalent views towards them. A constant worry of staff is that the results of risk assessments would not be used. The aims of the present study were to investigate what were the interventions applied by the staff of a psychiatric admission ward after a high risk patient had been identified, how frequently these interventions were used and how effective they were.

    Source : Kaunomäki, Jenni, Jokela, Markus, Kontio, Raija, Laiho, Tero, Sailas, Eila, & Lindberg, Nina. (2017). BMC Health Services Research. 17:26 DOI: 10.1186/s12913-016-1942-0

  • With recently finalized regulations in California serving as a possible template, OSHA is considering a national standard to protect healthcare workers, primarily from assaults by patients. OSHA issued a request for information (RFI) and comment on Dec. 7, 2016, announcing that it is considering promulgating a federal standard to prevent workplace violence in healthcare settings.

    Source : Evans, Gary. (February 2017). Hospital Employee Health, 36(2), 13-24. Repéré à https://www.ahcmedia.com/articles/139890-osha-seeks-comment-on-violence-prevention-regulation

  • As primary targets of workplace violence in health care settings, nurses may suffer negative physical and psychological consequences. NIOSH created an online course to educate nurses about violence prevention techniques. A mixed-methods approach assessed workplace violence awareness and knowledge among nursing students. A pre/post/post-test survey and focus group discussions evaluated participant awareness and knowledge, assessed course design, and solicited recommendations for increasing participation and strategies for improving message retention. The results indicate that NIOSH and its partners created an effective online workplace violence awareness and prevention course.

    Source : Brann, Maria, & Hartley, Dan. (2016). Journal of Safety Research. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2016.12.003

Pour accéder à la formation en ligne du NIOSH : https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/violence/training_nurses.html

  • This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a randomized controlled intervention on the incidence of patient-to-worker (Type II) violence and related injury in hospitals. Forty-one units across seven hospitals were randomized into intervention and control groups. Intervention units received unit-level violence data to facilitate development of an action plan for violence prevention; no data were presented to control units. Main outcomes were rates of violent events and injuries across study groups over time. Six months post-intervention, incident rate ratios of violent events were significantly lower on intervention units compared with controls. At 24 months, the risk for violence-related injury was lower on intervention units, compared with controls.

    Source : Arnetz, Judith, Hamblin, Lydia, Rissell, Jim, Upfal, Mark J., Luborsky, Mark, Janisse, james, & Essenmacher, Lynnette. (2017). JOEM : Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 59(1), 18-27. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000909

ALLERGIES PROFESSIONNELLES

  • L’industrie pharmaceutique en France produit chaque année près de 2 800 substances, présentes dans 11 000 spécialités. Parmi celles-ci, les antibiotiques, les enzymes et d’autres substances végétales comme les gommes sont à l’origine de l’essentiel des cas de rhinite ou d’asthme professionnel (AP) rapportés dans la littérature. Toutefois, les données épidémiologiques sont peu nombreuses et la prévalence des cas apparaît comme faible au regard du nombre de substances mises en oeuvre. Les mécanismes physiopathologiques en cause sont mal connus, en particulier pour les substances de bas poids moléculaire. À l’inverse, un mécanisme IgE-dépendant est habituellement décrit pour les produits d’origine végétale et les enzymes. D’autres mécanismes (action toxique directe, effet histaminique, effet pharmacologique direct) ont parfois été avancés.

    Source : Paris, C. (2016). Références en santé au travail, 148, 117-129. Repéré à http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/Allergologie/TI-RST-TR-61/tr61.pdf

APPROCHE LEAN

  • Lean healthcare is claimed to contribute to improved patient satisfaction, but there is limited evidence to support this notion. This study investigates how primary-care centres working with Lean define and improve value from the patient’s perspective, and how the application of Lean healthcare influences patient satisfaction. This paper contains two qualitative case studies and a quantitative study based on results from the Swedish National Patient Survey. Through the case studies, we investigated how primary-care organisations realised the principle of defining and improving value from the patient’s perspective.

    Source : Poksinska, Bozena Bonnie, Fialkowska-Filipek, Malgorzata, & Engström, Jon. (2017). BMJ Quality & Safety, 26(2), 95-103. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2015-004290

  • First developed in manufacturing, and championed by the Toyota Motor Corporation, efforts to introduce Lean into healthcare have been met with some scepticism. ‘People are not cars’ has been the refrain of those unwilling to view healthcare as made up of processes that produce products and services, and that is thus amenable to improvement. Healthcare, of course, is different from manufacturing, in that it is not simply the final product that is important to the customers, but also the patient and family experience of care. Also adding complexity in healthcare is the presence of multiple customers, the patient most importantly, and the healthcare providers and staff, and the healthcare institution itself.

    Source : Blackmore, C. Craig, & Kaplan, Gary S. (2017). BMJ Quality & Safety, 26(2), 85-86. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2016-005273

  • Despite the increasing interest for Lean and Six Sigma implementations in hospitals, there has been little empirical evidence that goes beyond descriptive case studies to address the current status and the effectiveness of the implementations. The aim of this study was to explore existing patterns of Lean and Six Sigma implementation in U.S. hospitals and compare the performance of the different patterns.

    Source : Jung Young, Lee, McFadden, Kathleen L., & Gowen, Charles R. III. (2016). Health Care Management Review. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/HMR.0000000000000140

BLOC OPÉRATOIRE – CHIRURGIE

  • This study aims at experimentally determining the incidence and extent of liquid releases onto the operator’s hands and into the work environment during common nursing operations involving infusions. A sequence of operations related to the preparation and administration of infusions was conducted by three subjects for 15 times each using fluorescein marked infusion solutions and two different infusion sets (standard set vs. safety-optimized set). Unintended release of liquid was quantified by glove and surface wipe sampling and HPLC/FD analysis of the samples. Operations concerning the disposal of infusions were also part of the study.

    Source : Segner, Verena, Kimbel, Renate, Jochems, Philipp. Heinemann, André, Letzel, Stephan, Wollschläger, Daneil, & Roßbach, Bernd. (2017). International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. Prépublication. doi:10.1007/s00420-017-1196-0

  • This study tests air quality indicators in a dynamic operating room environment. A mock surgical procedure led by a board-certified surgeon was used to simulate actual conditions in an operating room to provide realistic data. Levels of airborne contaminants in a health care setting can be accurately quantified using this testing protocol. Environmental quality indicators, such as number of particles, microbial contaminant load, air velocity, and temperature, provide insight to the effectiveness of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems.

    Source : Gormley, Thomas, Markel, Troy A., Jones III, Howard W., Wagner, Jennifer, Greely, Damon, Clarke, James H., Abkowitz, Mark, & Ostojic, John. (2017). AJIC : American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2016.11.001

BRUIT EN MILIEU DE TRAVAIL

  • La musique adoucit les mœurs, comme le suggère le dicton. Que ce soit dans la sphère privée ou dans la sphère professionnelle, et ce pour bon nombre de personnes, la musique nous suit dans nos déplacements et nos activités, les technologies de l’information et de la communication rendant la chose encore plus aisée aujourd’hui. À ce titre, bon nombre d’études scientifiques réalisées au cours des trois dernières décennies se sont intéressées au rôle et aux effets de la musique dans le cadre du travail. La grande majorité de ces dernières concluent à l’apport généralement bénéfique de la musique en contexte professionnel.

    Source : Normandin, François. (11 janvier 2017). Aimez-vous Brahms… au bureau? [Billet de blogue]. Revue Gestion HEC Montréal. Repéré à http://www.revuegestion.ca/decouvrir/aimez-brahms-bureau/?utm_source=wysija&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=dans_gestion_cette_semaine

Pour lire l’article original : http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1029864911398065

CANCERS PROFESSIONNELS

  • The association between perceived workplace psychological stress, over the entire work career, and cancer among men has never been assessed. This was explored in the context of a population-based case-control study conducted in Montreal, Canada. 3103 incident cancer cases (11 types) diagnosed in 1979–1985 and 512 population controls were interviewed. Subjects described in detail each job held during their lifetime, including the occurrence of stress, and its reason.

    Source : Blanc-Lapierre, Audrey, Rousseau, Marie-Claude, Weiss, Deborah, El-Zein, Mariam, Siemiatycki, Jack, & Parent, Marie-Élise. (2017). Preventive Medicine, 96, 28-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.12.004.

CANNABIS

  • Déjà légalisée dans quelques pays, dont l’Uruguay, et dans différents États chez nos voisins du sud, la marijuana est sur le point de l’être également au Canada, Quel sera l’impact sur le monde du travail. Parmi les aspects traités dans cet article, figure celui de la santé et la sécurité du travail.

    Source : Morissette, Hugo. (Décembre 2016). RH : la revue des CRHA et CRIA, 19(5), 28-31.

CENTRES DE RÉADAPTATION

  • Si le chlore est, à ce jour, l’agent désinfectant le plus communément employé dans les centres aquatiques, il n’en demeure pas moins un produit particulièrement réactif au contact des substances azotées et carbonées contenues dans l’eau de baignade. Apportées en fortes quantités dans les bassins, ces substances d’origine anthropique (produites par l’homme) sont, avec le chlore, au cœur d’une chimie très complexe. La trichloramine, formée à partir du chlore et des substances apportées par les baigneurs dans les piscines, est un irritant des voies respiratoires des salariés de ces lieux de loisirs. Dans une démarche de prévention globale, et après plusieurs études, l’INRS propose des outils pour la prévention de ce risque professionnel qui sont présentés dans cet article.

    Source : Gérardin, Fabien. (Décembre 2016). Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 245, 59-65. Repéré à file://asdata/ASSTSAS/Documentation/PISCINES%20ET%20SPAS/PISCINE%20DE%20R%C3%89ADAPTATION/Trichloramines%20risques%20travailleurs%202017.pdf

CHAMPS ÉLECTROMAGNÉTIQUES

 

Pour consulter l’article original :

http://www.cancerepidemiology.net/article/S1877-7821(16)30050-9/pdf

CHUTES DE BÉNÉFICIAIRES

  • Long lies after a fall remain a public health challenge. Many successful fall prevention programmes have been developed but only few of them include recovery strategies after a fall. Once better understood, such movement strategies could be implemented into training interventions. A model of motion sequences describing successful movement strategies for rising from the floor in different age groups was developed. Possible risk factors for poor rising performance such as flexibility and muscle power were evaluated.

    Source : Schwickert, L., Oberle, C., Becker, C., Lindemann, U., Klenk, J., Schwenk, M., Bourke, A., & Zijlstra, W. (2016). Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 28(2), 277-287. doi:10.1007/s40520-015-0397-1

  • Falls are common events for hospitalized older adults, resulting in negative outcomes both for patients and hospitals. The Center for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS) has placed pressure on hospital administrators by identifying falls as a “never event”, resulting in a zero falls goal for many hospitals. Staff nurses are responsible for providing direct care to patients and for meeting the hospital no falls goal. Little is known about the impact of “zero falls” on nurses, patients and the organization. The results showed that intense messaging from hospital administration to achieve zero falls resulted in nurses developing a fear of falls, protecting self and unit, and restricting fall risk patients as a way to stop messages and meet the hospital goal.

    Source : King, Barbara, Pecanac, Kristen, Krupp, Anna, Liebzeit, Daniel, & Mahoney, Jane. (2016). The Gerontologist. Prépublication. doi: 10.1093/geront/gnw156

CHUTES ET GLISSADES

COMMUNICATIONS

  •  » Vous comme moi, nous le savons bien : au travail, une communication de qualité est essentielle. Mais trop souvent, nos conversations y sont à sens unique : l’un – disons, le boss, ou la grande gueule de service – prend le contrôle de la discussion et assène des affirmations tandis que l’autre subit son flot de paroles, en essayant de tiquer le moins possible. Et en bout de ligne, il ne ressort pas grand-chose d’intéressant de ce genre d’échange verbal. Comment remédier à ce grave problème ? C’est plus simple qu’il n’y paraît, et je l’ai saisi à la lecture d’un livre fascinant : L’Art de poser humblement des questions (Ixelles éditions, 2015) d’Edgar Stein, professeur de management à la MIT Sloan School of Management, à Cambridge (États-Unis). « 

    Source : Schmouker, Olivier. (23 janvier 2017). Mieux communiquer avec vos collègues, en 6 étapes. [Billet de blogue]. Les Affaires. En tête. Repéré à http://www.lesaffaires.com/blogues/olivier-schmouker/comment-etablir-de-saines-communications-au-travail/592860

CONCILIATION TRAVAIL – VIE PERSONNELLE

  • Improving the resiliency of healthcare workers is a national imperative, driven in part by healthcare workers having minimal exposure to the skills and culture to achieve work–life balance (WLB). Regardless of current policies, healthcare workers feel compelled to work more and take less time to recover from work. Satisfaction with WLB has been measured, as has work–life conflict, but how frequently healthcare workers engage in specific WLB behaviours is rarely assessed. Measurement of behaviours may have advantages over measurement of perceptions; behaviours more accurately reflect WLB and can be targeted by leaders for improvement. Among other things, this study aimed to investigate associations between work-life climate, teamwork climate and safety climate.

    Source : Sexton, J. Bryan, Schwartz, Stephanie P., Chadwick, Whitney A., Rehder, Kyle J., Bae, Jonathan, Bokovoy,… Profit, Jochen. (2017). BMJ Quality & Safety. Prépublication. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2016-006032.

CONTENTION – DÉCONTENTION

  • The effectiveness of seclusion and restraint (SR) reduction programs has not been well established. The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of SR reduction programs in mental health settings. A systematic review of English and French articles, using CINALH, Web of Science, PubMed, Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library. Additional studies were added by searching the references of identified papers.

    Source : Goulet, Caroline, Larue, Caroline, & Dumais, Alexandre. (2017). Aggression and Violent Behavior. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2017.01.019

CPE – SERVICES DE GARDE

  • Dans ce rapport, vous trouverez un portrait des services de garde éducatifs à l’enfance ainsi que des statistiques sur différents sujets, notamment sur l’administration des entreprises de services de garde, les usagers des services de garde, les membres du personnel et leurs conditions de travail, les personnes responsables d’un service de garde en milieu familial, le mandat des bureaux coordonnateurs de la garde en milieu familial et les modes de garde particuliers.

    Source : Écho Sondage inc. (2016). [S.l. : Ministère de la Famille], x, 105 p. Repéré à https://www.mfa.gouv.qc.ca/fr/publication/Documents/Situation_des_CPE_et_des_garderies-2014.pdf

  • It is recognized that teaching in a preschool context is physically demanding. Despite this, the consequences of physical demands on psychophysical health (including work ability) are significantly understudied among kindergarten teachers. The aim of the present study is to examine (a) the association between physical demands and work ability and (b) whether psychosocial job resourcesbuffer the negative impact of physical demands among kindergarten teachers. This study has relevant, practical implications, highlighting the importance of investing in interventions encompassing an holistic perspective (e.g., psychosocial and ergonomic) in order to effectively combat the hampering effect of physical demands on work ability.

    Source : Viotti, Sara, Martini, Mara, & Converso, Daniela. (2016). JOSE : International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics. Prépublication. 1-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2016.1267976

  • After a report of at least one death, drop-side baby cribs are now illegal to sell in Canada. New Cribs, Cradles and Bassinets Regulations took effect Thursday that address baby safety concerns like entrapment hazards in fabric-sided products, the presence of lead and testing of strength in slats. « While traditional drop-side cribs are mostly unavailable in the Canadian marketplace, they may still be found as remaining inventory in some new and second hand stores, and at garage sale, » a Health Canada advisory news release says.

    Source : Artuso, Antonella. (December 30, 2016). Toronto Sun. Repéré à http://www.torontosun.com/2016/12/30/sales-of-drop-side-cribs-now-banned-in-canada

DÉPLACEMENTS DES BÉNÉFICIAIRES

  • There is an increasing trend toward more community- and resident-based care in the United States. Home-based care services allow individuals to remain in their home, preserving their independence while minimizing the impact of aging, disability, or illness. Home-based care involves both medical care, such as home health and hospice care, and nonmedical care, such as home care. Providers cover a wide range of occupations including home care aides, home health aides, personal care aides, nurses, therapists, and social workers. Oftentimes, home care and home health care are used interchangeably.

    Source : Howard, Ninica. (2016). American Journal of Safe Patient Handling & Mobility, 6(4), 166-170. http://www.americanjournalofsphm.com/shop_ajsphm/index.php?route=product/product&path=87_91&product_id=195

  • Occupational therapists (OTs) and physical therapists (PTs) experience high rates of musculoskeletal injury due to moving and handling patients, however, widespread adoption of safe patient handling and mobility (SPHM) is lacking in rehabilitation. Researchers suggest that SPHM adoption is impeded by the belief that it encourages patient passivity and may negatively affect patient recovery. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess the current literature for the effects of SPHM programs on patient rehabilitation outcomes. Randomized or observational, peer-reviewed studies in English that had an SPHM intervention were included in the systematic review. Using international agreed-upon systematic review methods, 6 studies remained for the final analysis, but no high level and few acceptable level studies addressed the question. Based on level 3 evidence, the researchers concluded that rehabilitation with SPHM programs may lead to a reduction in pressure ulcers, at least equal functional independence measure (FIM) mobility scores at discharge, and an equal chance of reaching independence or modified independence in self-care at discharge as compared to those that did not. The authors conclude that more well-designed, high level studies are required.

    Source : Harwood, Kenneth J., Scalzitti, David A., Campo, Marc, & Darragh, Amy R. (2016). American Journal of Safe Patient Handling & Mobility, 6(4), 141-150. Repéré à http://www.americanjournalofsphm.com/shop_ajsphm/index.php?route=product/product&filter_tag=systematic+review&product_id=192

  • The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate metrologically the effectiveness of a training program on the reduction of stressful trunk postures in geriatric nursing professions. A training program, consisting of instruction on body postures in nursing, practical ergonomic work methods at the bedside or in the bathroom, reorganization of work equipment, and physical exercises, was conducted in 12 wards of 6 nursing homes in Germany.

    Source : Kozak, Agnessa, Freitag, Sonja, & Nienhaus, Albert. (2017). Annals of Work Exposures and Health, 61(1), 22-32. https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxw002

  • Long lies after a fall remain a public health challenge. Many successful fall prevention programmes have been developed but only few of them include recovery strategies after a fall. Once better understood, such movement strategies could be implemented into training interventions. A model of motion sequences describing successful movement strategies for rising from the floor in different age groups was developed. Possible risk factors for poor rising performance such as flexibility and muscle power were evaluated.

    Source : Schwickert, L., Oberle, C., Becker, C., Lindemann, U., Klenk, J., Schwenk, M., Bourke, A., & Zijlstra, W. (2016). Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 28(2), 277-287. doi:10.1007/s40520-015-0397-1

  • Pressure ulcers are insidious complications that affect approximately 2.5 million patients and account for approximately US$11 billion in annual health care spending each year. To date we are unaware of any study that has used a wearable patient sensor to quantify patient movement and positioning in an effort to assess whether adherence to optimal patient turning results in a reduction in pressure ulcer occurrence. The researchers plan to conduct a randomized control trial, which to our knowledge is the first of its kind to use a wearable patient sensor to quantify and establish optimal preventative care practices, in an attempt to determine whether this is effective in reducing hospital-acquired pressure ulcers.

    Source : Pickham, David, Ballew, Betsy, Ebong, Kristi, Shinn, Julie, Lough, Mary E., & Mayer, Barbara. (2016). Trials. 17:190. doi: 10.1186/s13063-016-1313-5.

  • Transporting patients in hospital beds is a physically demanding activity performed by healthcare workers and bed design may moderate the risk of injury. Nine healthcare workers participated in a study to investigate how brake pedal location affected maximal voluntary exertion (MVE) force and the level of acceptable force for engagement. Preferred and acceptable push heights when maneuvering a bed were also evaluated. The method of limits was used to determine acceptable forces and push heights. Results demonstrated that pedal depth, clearance above, and clearance behind the pedal significantly affected MVE force and acceptable force. Preferred push height was approximately at elbow level and a single height would not accommodate the user population.

    Source : Zhou, Jie, & Wiggermann, Neal. (2017). Applied Ergonomics, 60, 305-312. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2016.12.012

  • The present study aimed at designing, prototype making and evaluating a new assistive device to improve patient transfer conditions. A new aid device for patient transfer was designed and its prototype was made. Comfort and perceived physical exertion of users and stability and applicability of the device were examined. The test subjects included 37 healthcare workers (HCW) of a hospital with patient transfer experience. The data collection tools consisted of visual analog scales (VAS) and Borg’s rating physical effort (RPE) scale. Rapid entire body assessment (REBA) method was applied to evaluate working posture. The results revealed a significant reduction in the users’ rating of perceived exertion.

    Source : Nodooshan, Hamid Salmani, Choobineh, Alireza, Razeghi, Mohsen, & Shahnazar, Taymaz. (2016). JOSE : International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics. Prépublication. 1-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2016.1274161

ÉQUIPEMENTS DE PROTECTION

  • Needle-free devices (NFDs), also known as needleless connectors, have been available since the early 1990s and the type and variety of these devices has continued to develop. As well as the original aim of NFDs to maintain a closed system and to reduce the risk of needlestick injuries and blood spillage, NFDs are now designed with the aim of improving clinical outcomes by reducing the common complications of infection and catheter occlusion. As there are a number of NFDs available with specific designs, it is imperative that health professionals have an understanding of the different types and functions. This article provides an explanation of NFD design and functions and guidance and information about their benefits, as well as advice on preventing complications associated with their use.

    Source : Kelly, Linda J., Jones, Tracey, & Kirkham, Stephanie. (2017). BJN : British Journal of Nursing, 26(2), S14-S19. http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2017.26.2.S14

  • Safety equipment is a necessity for your employees and for your company. As an EHS professional or facility manager, you’re responsible for purchasing equipment to protect your employees from falls and other dangerous working situations. Additionally, you are responsible for providing services that keep your building free from hazards. Purchasing new equipment can be expensive and can make it hard to stay within a set budget. So, what’s a small- or medium-sized business to do in this situation?

    Source : Berry, Greg. (January 24, 2017). EHS Today. PPE. Repéré à http://ehstoday.com/ppe/safety-equipment-it-safe-buy-used

ÉQUIPEMENTS INNOVATEURS EN SST

  • The present study aimed at designing, prototype making and evaluating a new assistive device to improve patient transfer conditions. A new aid device for patient transfer was designed and its prototype was made. Comfort and perceived physical exertion of users and stability and applicability of the device were examined. The test subjects included 37 healthcare workers (HCW) of a hospital with patient transfer experience. The data collection tools consisted of visual analog scales (VAS) and Borg’s rating physical effort (RPE) scale. Rapid entire body assessment (REBA) method was applied to evaluate working posture. The results revealed a significant reduction in the users’ rating of perceived exertion.

    Source : Nodooshan, Hamid Salmani, Choobineh, Alireza, Razeghi, Mohsen, & Shahnazar, Taymaz. (2016). JOSE : International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics. Prépublication. 1-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2016.1274161

ÉQUIPEMENTS MÉDICAUX

  • Transporting patients in hospital beds is a physically demanding activity performed by healthcare workers and bed design may moderate the risk of injury. Nine healthcare workers participated in a study to investigate how brake pedal location affected maximal voluntary exertion (MVE) force and the level of acceptable force for engagement. Preferred and acceptable push heights when maneuvering a bed were also evaluated. The method of limits was used to determine acceptable forces and push heights. Results demonstrated that pedal depth, clearance above, and clearance behind the pedal significantly affected MVE force and acceptable force. Preferred push height was approximately at elbow level and a single height would not accommodate the user population.

    Source : Zhou, Jie, & Wiggermann, Neal. (2017). Applied Ergonomics, 60, 305-312. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2016.12.012

  • The present study aimed at designing, prototype making and evaluating a new assistive device to improve patient transfer conditions. A new aid device for patient transfer was designed and its prototype was made. Comfort and perceived physical exertion of users and stability and applicability of the device were examined. The test subjects included 37 healthcare workers (HCW) of a hospital with patient transfer experience. The data collection tools consisted of visual analog scales (VAS) and Borg’s rating physical effort (RPE) scale. Rapid entire body assessment (REBA) method was applied to evaluate working posture. The results revealed a significant reduction in the users’ rating of perceived exertion.

    Source : Nodooshan, Hamid Salmani, Choobineh, Alireza, Razeghi, Mohsen, & Shahnazar, Taymaz. (2016). JOSE : International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics. Prépublication. 1-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2016.1274161

ERGOTHÉRAPIE – PHYSIOTHÉRAPIE

  • According to international study results, physical therapists are afflicted with work-related musculoskeletal, psychosocial and dermal disorders as well as infections. The few existing studies in German-speaking regions focus mainly on dermal and psychosocial exposures and resulting complaints. An overview of all relevant work-related exposures and complaints of physical therapists is currently lacking. The authors sought to identify work-related exposures based on the subjective experiences and beliefs of physiotherapeutic representatives, in order to identify relevant work-related complaints and diseases.

    Source : Girbig, Maria, Freiberg, Alice, Deckert, Stefanie, Druschke, Diana, Kopkow, Christian, Nienhaus, Albert, & Seidler, Andreas. (2017). Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, 12:2. DOI: 10.1186/s12995-016-0147-0

ÉTABLISSEMENTS D’HÉBERGEMENT

 

Les auteurs ont aussi publié sur cette étude dans Canadian Nursing Home (Winter 2016), 27(4), 4-12.

FORMATION EN SST

  • As primary targets of workplace violence in health care settings, nurses may suffer negative physical and psychological consequences. NIOSH created an online course to educate nurses about violence prevention techniques. A mixed-methods approach assessed workplace violence awareness and knowledge among nursing students. A pre/post/post-test survey and focus group discussions evaluated participant awareness and knowledge, assessed course design, and solicited recommendations for increasing participation and strategies for improving message retention. The results indicate that NIOSH and its partners created an effective online workplace violence awareness and prevention course.

    Source : Brann, Maria, & Hartley, Dan. (2016). Journal of Safety Research. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2016.12.003

Pour accéder à la formation en ligne du NIOSH : https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/violence/training_nurses.html

  • De nos jours, il n’a jamais été aussi facile pour un individu d’apprendre. Pourtant les possibilités infinies peuvent également être source de distraction ou même de découragement. Peut-on réduire nos sources de distraction et améliorer notre capacité d’attention? On fait le point avec 5 propositions.

    Source : Inc.com, Louisiana State University, & Oxford Union et Psychological Science. (Septembre-Octobre 2016). RH : La revue des CRHA et CRIA, 19(4), 12.

GESTION – LEADERSHIP

  • Nouvelle acquisition, faillite d’un fournisseur, obtention d’un important contrat, changement du modèle d’affaires, lancement d’un nouveau produit, départ inattendu d’un employé cl, autant d’événements qui peuvent créer de la turbulence au sein d’une organisation. Pendant ces périodes de turbulence, comment se comportent les leaders de l’entreprise ? Sont-ils trop ou pas assez optimistes ? Sont-ils assez agiles pour propulser leurs équipes ?

    Source : Castro, Carolina. (Décembre 2016). RH : la revue des CRHA et CRIA, 19(5), 24-27.

  • Être empathique, comprendre ce qui se passe dans la tête et le cœur de son interlocuteur, sentir conjointement la douleur et le désarroi de son vis-à-vis : tout cela constitue sans conteste un puissant atout dans l’arsenal du bon gestionnaire. Et à ce compte-là, nous serions sans doute les premiers à voter pour plus d’empathie dans nos entreprises et dans nos organisations! Mais, comme la Nature a horreur des extrêmes, on peut se demander si trop d’empathie ne serait pas contre-productif à la longue.

    Source : Normandin, François. (15 janvier 2017). Empathie : trop, c’est comme pas assez… [Billet de blogue]. Revue Gestion HEC Montréal. Repéré à http://www.revuegestion.ca/informer/empathie-trop-cest-comme-pas-assez/?utm_source=wysija&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=dans_gestion_cette_semaine

  • La dimension humaine semble quelque peu oubliée dans le cadre des fusions d’entreprises. Si les départs volontaires ou imposés sont généralement bien gérés, les « rescapés » de la fusion sont souvent délaissés, jugés déjà chanceux d’être toujours là doivent donc se débrouiller seuls. Il faut faire face à la baisse de moral, à la nostalgie de l’époque révolue, à l’indifférence ou aux jalousies des nouveaux collègues, à la nécessaire compétition entre les acquéreurs et les « rachetés ». Se plier aux nouvelles méthodes et accepter les nouveaux chefs, pourquoi pas ? Mais les nouveaux venus attendent aussi des réponses sur leurs compétences et leurs opportunités de carrière. Il est important de construire une culture commune et de faire adhérer l ensemble des collaborateurs à des projets mutuels. Sinon, c’est la porte ouverte au sentiment de dévalorisation, à la perte d’efficacité et au désinvestissement personnel. Si tout cela « demande de l’écoute et du temps, le jeu en vaut vraiment la chandelle » pour assurer une meilleure qualité de vie au travail.

    Source : Le blues de l’après-fusion (26 janvier 2017). CAMIP.info : revue de la santé au travail. Repéré à http://www.camip.info/nous-avons-lu-pour-vous/Stress-Facteurs-psychosociaux/article/le-blues-de-l-apres-fusion

  •  » Soyons honnêtes, changer n’est jamais chose aisée. C’est que, vous comme moi, nous aimons bien nos petites habitudes, pour ne pas dire la routine que revêt notre quotidien au travail. Si bien que le moindre changement nous fait automatiquement venir à l’esprit le négatif «oui, mais…» au lieu du positif «oui, et…» ; et nous nous mettons à lui résister. La question saute aux yeux : comment nous montrer moins réfractaires au changement? Eh bien, la bonne nouvelle du jour, c’est que je crois avoir identifié un bon moyen de s’y prendre, dans un petit livre à la fois rigolo et inspirant. Il s’agit de Il faut sauver la ruche (Le Dauphin Blanc, 2016) des consultants en management britanniques Paul Rigby et Craig Smith. »

    Source : Schmouker, Olivier. (4 janvier 2017). Comment ne plus avoir peur du changement ? [Billet de blogue]. Les Affaires. En tête. Repéré à http://www.lesaffaires.com/blogues/olivier-schmouker/comment-ne-plus-avoir-peur-du-changement/592401

GESTION DE LA SST

  • Déjà légalisée dans quelques pays, dont l’Uruguay, et dans différents États chez nos voisins du sud, la marijuana est sur le point de l’être également au Canada, Quel sera l’impact sur le monde du travail. Parmi les aspects traités dans cet article, figure celui de la santé et la sécurité du travail.

    Source : Morissette, Hugo. (Décembre 2016). RH : la revue des CRHA et CRIA, 19(5), 28-31.

  • Economic, social, technical, and political drivers are fundamentally changing the nature of work and work environments, with profound implications for the field of occupational health. Nevertheless, researchers and practitioners entering the field are largely being trained to assess and control exposures using approaches developed under old models of work and risks. A speaker series and symposium were organized to broadly explore current challenges and future directions for the occupational health field. Broad themes identified throughout these discussions are characterized and discussed to highlight important future directions of occupational health.

    Source : Peckham, Trevor K., Baker, Marissa, G., Camp, Janice E., Kaufman, Joel D., & Seixas, Noah S. (2017). Annals of Work Exposures and Health, 61(1), 3-15. https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxw011

  • Les absences prolongées du travail, et particulièrement celles liées aux troubles mentaux courants (TMC) et aux troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS), engendrent des coûts économiques et humains considérables. Devant cet enjeu, il apparaît nécessaire de mieux comprendre les facteurs qui nuisent au retour au travail (RAT) de ces deux populations. L’objectif de cette étude prospective visait la validation de l’outil intitulé « Obstacles au Retour au Travail Et Sentiment d’Efficacité pour les Surmonter » (ORTESES) auprès d’employés en processus de RAT suite à un TMC ou un TMS. Plus précisément, il s’agissait de valider les propriétés psychométriques relatives à l’ORTESES.

    Source : Marc Corbière, Negrini, Alessia, Durand, Marie-Josée, St-Arnaud, Louise, Briand, Catherine, Fassier, Jean-Baptiste,… Lachance, Jean-Philippe. (2017). Montréal : Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé sur la santté et la sécurité du travail, xi, 61 p. (Études et recherches, rapport R-938). Repéré à http://www.irsst.qc.ca/media/documents/PubIRSST/R-938.pdf

  • Safety equipment is a necessity for your employees and for your company. As an EHS professional or facility manager, you’re responsible for purchasing equipment to protect your employees from falls and other dangerous working situations. Additionally, you are responsible for providing services that keep your building free from hazards. Purchasing new equipment can be expensive and can make it hard to stay within a set budget. So, what’s a small- or medium-sized business to do in this situation?

    Source : Berry, Greg. (January 24, 2017). EHS Today. PPE. Repéré à http://ehstoday.com/ppe/safety-equipment-it-safe-buy-used

  • Ce rapport présente les statistiques de 2015 concernant la situation des jeunes travailleurs sur le plan de la santé et de la sécurité du travail. On y fait notamment état de la nature et de la fréquence des accidents dont les jeunes ont été victimes dans les différents secteurs d’activité.​​ Il présente, entre autres, des statistiques concernant le secteur des soins de santé et services sociaux.

    Source : Demers, Manon. (2016). Portrait des jeunes travailleurs de 24 ans ou moins : Année 2015. Québec : Centre de la statistique et de l’information de gestion. Direction de la comptabilité et de la gestion de l’information. Commission des normes, de l’équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail, 25 p. Repéré à http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Documents/DC-300-1018-7.pdf

  • Occupational fatigue is an important challenge in improving health and safety in health care systems. This paper explore relationships between nursing work system components and nurse fatigue. Findings revealed significant interactions between work system components and nurses’ fatigue and recovery. A systems approach allows for a more accurate representation of complexity in work systems and can guide interventions to improve nurse health and safety.

    Source : Steege, Linsey M., Pasupathy, Kalyan S., & Drake, Diane A. (2017). Ergonomics. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2017.1280186

  • Différentes avenues se présentent au gestionnaire en ressources humaines à la suite d’allégations de harcèlement psychologique. Le gestionnaire RH doit évaluer chacun des chemins possibles non seulement pour faire les démarches opportunes dans l’intérêt des personnes concernées, mais aussi pour permettre à l’organisation de respecter ses responsabilités, notamment ses devoirs de prévention et d’intervention en cas d’allégations de harcèlement psychologique.

    Source : Morin, Véronique. (24 janvier 2017). Portail RH. Le Coin des experts. Repéré à http://www.portailrh.org/expert/ficheSA.aspx?p=659273

  • Everything in safety is a system. Whether we’re talking about workplace safety and the pursuit of safe behaviors and conditions within the context of employment, or the safety or our communities, everything is a product of inputs and outputs. The inputs are what influence and educate us to be safe or unsafe, and these outputs are what we actually do.

    Source : Worden, Cory. (2016). AOHP Journal, 36(4), 13-17.

  • Workplace injury and illness account for a substantial source of sickness and disability burden in working-age populations. For example, injuries and illnesses arising from work cost the Canadian economy an estimated at $19 billion annually (Gilks and Logan, 2010). In addition to substantial economic costs, occupational injury places an additional strain on workplaces and families, and has the potential to exacerbate existing social and economic inequalities (Benach et al., 2007). This study employs a recently developed conceptual framework and measurement tool that moves beyond defining occupational health and safety (OH&S) vulnerability using population or occupational characteristics, and instead examines how work and workplace characteristics shape an individual worker’s risk of injury (Smith et al., 2015). The measurement tool captures information on four dimensions of OH&S vulnerability: (1) exposure to workplace hazards; (2) workplace safety policies and procedures; (3) worker awareness of health and safety-related rights and responsibilities; and (4) worker empowerment to act to protect themselves and colleagues.

    Source : Lay, A. Morgan, Saunders, Ron, Lifshen, Marni, Breslin, F. Curtis, LaMontagne, Anthony D., Tompa, Emile, & Smith, Peter M. (2017). Safety Science, 94, 85-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2016.12.021

  • An organization is a complex set of dynamically intertwined and interconnected elements (inputs, processes, outputs, feedback loops and environment) in which it operates. These elements are continuously changing, interacting, ebbing and flowing (Katz & Kahn, 1978). Many safety initiatives fail to reach their potential because they are introduced and left to fend for themselves. Without the forethought to plan for sustaining new initiatives in this complex web of interconnectivity, companies often miss this valuable opportunity to make tremendous differences in peoples’ lives. When EHS professionals plan for their organizations’ safety evolution, they first need to build the climate for culture change.

    Source : Pettinger, Chuck. (January 11, 2017). EHS Today. Repéré à http://ehstoday.com/safety-leadership/building-climate-culture-change-3-key-concepts-your-safety-evolution

  • L’expression « santé mentale » est, le plus souvent, dans le langage populaire, associé à l’idée de troubles psychiques. Toutefois, à l’instar de la santé physique, la santé mentale fait référence à un état global de bien-être et non pas à la maladie. En fait, la santé mentale est plus que l’absence de maladie. Il est maintenant de plus en plus connu que des personnes, diagnostiquées d’un trouble de santé mentale se rétablissent de moments de crise pour vivre une vie satisfaisante lorsqu’elles reçoivent le soutien approprié. Mais pourquoi les organisations devraient-elles se préoccuper de santé mentale ?

    Source : Auclair, Émilie Lemire. (12 janvier 2017). Revue Gestion HEC Montréal. Repéré à http://www.revuegestion.ca/informer/favoriser-sante-mentale-milieu-de-travail/#

  • A Total Worker Health (TWH) approach is defined as policies, programs, and practices that integrate protection from work-related safety and health hazards with promotion of injury and illness–prevention efforts to advance worker well-being. This workbook is a practical starting point for employers, workers, labor representatives, and other professionals interested in implementing workplace safety and health programs aligned with the Total Worker Health (TWH) approach. The workbook focuses on five Defining Elements of TWH.

    Source : Lee, MP, Hudson, H, Richards, R, Chang, CC, Chosewood, LC, & Schill, AL (2016). Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, iv, 25 p. (DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2017-112) Repéré à https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2017-112/pdfs/2017_112.pdf

  • Improving the resiliency of healthcare workers is a national imperative, driven in part by healthcare workers having minimal exposure to the skills and culture to achieve work–life balance (WLB). Regardless of current policies, healthcare workers feel compelled to work more and take less time to recover from work. Satisfaction with WLB has been measured, as has work–life conflict, but how frequently healthcare workers engage in specific WLB behaviours is rarely assessed. Measurement of behaviours may have advantages over measurement of perceptions; behaviours more accurately reflect WLB and can be targeted by leaders for improvement. Among other things, this study aimed to investigate associations between work-life climate, teamwork climate and safety climate.

    Source : Sexton, J. Bryan, Schwartz, Stephanie P., Chadwick, Whitney A., Rehder, Kyle J., Bae, Jonathan, Bokovoy,… Profit, Jochen. (2017). BMJ Quality & Safety. Prépublication. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2016-006032

  • Dans le domaine de la prévention comme dans d’autres, les décideurs « veulent s’assurer que leurs dépenses seront justifiées par des impacts significatifs, positifs et durables ». Une revue de la littérature canadienne fait état d’un retour sur investissement moyen de 1,50 à 3,80 par dollar investi au terne d’une durée de 2 à 5 ans. Un investissement vertueux associe une diminution de l’absentéisme, du turn-over, des conflits du travail, du présentéisme, des accidents du travail, à une amélioration du climat de travail, de la motivation des salariés, de la créativité, de la productivité et de la qualité du service.

    Source : Investir en santé et qualité de vie au travail, c’est rentable Un regard nord-américain. (4 janvier 2017). Camip.Info : revue de la santé au travail. Repéré à http://www.camip.info/nous-avons-lu-pour-vous/Sante-au-travail/Organisation-de-la-prevention/article/investir-en-sante-et-qualite-de

Pour accéder à l’article original : http://www.preventique.org/content/investir-en-sante-et-qualite-de-vie-au-travail-cest-rentable

  • The aim of this study was to quantify the economic benefits of eliminating job strain as a risk factor for depression, using published population-attributable risk estimates of depression attributable to job strain (13.2% for men, 17.2% for women). The findings demonstrate likely financial benefits to employers for expanding psychosocial risk management, providing a financial incentive to complement and reinforce legal and ethical directives.

    Source : Cocker, Fiona, Sanderson, Kristy, & LaMontagne, Anthony D. (2017). JOEM : Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 59(1), 12-17. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000908

  • Prolonged sedentary time is an emergent occupational safety and health issue. In this study, policies on occupational sedentary behaviour were reviewed. No occupational authority policies focusing on sedentary behaviour were found. Relevant aspects of existing policies (119 documents identified) were synthesized. The authors recommend developing policies specifically addressing occupational sedentary behaviour.

    Source : Coenen, Pieter, Gilson, Nicholas, Healy, Genevieve N., Dunstan, David W., & Straker, Leon M. (2017). Applied Ergonomics, 320-333. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2016.12.010

  • « Au Québec, tous les 6 jours, un travailleur a perdu la vie à la suite d’un accident du travail ». Voici un des thèmes de la plus récente campagne publicitaire de la CNESST. Bien que tous les efforts soient mis en oeuvre pour éviter que vos employés fassent partie de cette statistique, votre entreprise est-elle outillée pour faire face à une situation d’urgence ? Que faut-il faire dans l’éventualité d’un événement grave dans votre entreprise ?

    Source : Aubé, Yohann. (Septembre-octobre 2016). RH : La revue des CRHA et CRIA, 19(4), 32-35.

GESTION DES RISQUES

  • Improving the resiliency of healthcare workers is a national imperative, driven in part by healthcare workers having minimal exposure to the skills and culture to achieve work–life balance (WLB). Regardless of current policies, healthcare workers feel compelled to work more and take less time to recover from work. Satisfaction with WLB has been measured, as has work–life conflict, but how frequently healthcare workers engage in specific WLB behaviours is rarely assessed. Measurement of behaviours may have advantages over measurement of perceptions; behaviours more accurately reflect WLB and can be targeted by leaders for improvement. Among other things, this study aimed to investigate associations between work-life climate, teamwork climate and safety climate.

    Source : Sexton, J. Bryan, Schwartz, Stephanie P., Chadwick, Whitney A., Rehder, Kyle J., Bae, Jonathan, Bokovoy,… Profit, Jochen. (2017). BMJ Quality & Safety. Prépublication. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2016-006032

GESTION DU CHANGEMENT

  • La dimension humaine semble quelque peu oubliée dans le cadre des fusions d’entreprises. Si les départs volontaires ou imposés sont généralement bien gérés, les « rescapés » de la fusion sont souvent délaissés, jugés déjà chanceux d’être toujours là doivent donc se débrouiller seuls. Il faut faire face à la baisse de moral, à la nostalgie de l’époque révolue, à l’indifférence ou aux jalousies des nouveaux collègues, à la nécessaire compétition entre les acquéreurs et les « rachetés ». Se plier aux nouvelles méthodes et accepter les nouveaux chefs, pourquoi pas ? Mais les nouveaux venus attendent aussi des réponses sur leurs compétences et leurs opportunités de carrière. Il est important de construire une culture commune et de faire adhérer l ensemble des collaborateurs à des projets mutuels. Sinon, c’est la porte ouverte au sentiment de dévalorisation, à la perte d’efficacité et au désinvestissement personnel. Si tout cela « demande de l’écoute et du temps, le jeu en vaut vraiment la chandelle » pour assurer une meilleure qualité de vie au travail.

    Source : Le blues de l’après-fusion (26 janvier 2017). CAMIP.info : revue de la santé au travail. Repéré à http://www.camip.info/nous-avons-lu-pour-vous/Stress-Facteurs-psychosociaux/article/le-blues-de-l-apres-fusion

  • Nouvelle acquisition, faillite d’un fournisseur, obtention d’un important contrat, changement du modèle d’affaires, lancement d’un nouveau produit, départ inattendu d’un employé cl, autant d’événements qui peuvent créer de la turbulence au sein d’une organisation. Pendant ces périodes de turbulence, comment se comportent les leaders de l’entreprise ? Sont-ils trop ou pas assez optimistes ? Sont-ils assez agiles pour propulser leurs équipes ?

    Source : Castro, Carolina. (Décembre 2016). RH : la revue des CRHA et CRIA, 19(5), 24-27.

  •  » Soyons honnêtes, changer n’est jamais chose aisée. C’est que, vous comme moi, nous aimons bien nos petites habitudes, pour ne pas dire la routine que revêt notre quotidien au travail. Si bien que le moindre changement nous fait automatiquement venir à l’esprit le négatif «oui, mais…» au lieu du positif «oui, et…» ; et nous nous mettons à lui résister. La question saute aux yeux : comment nous montrer moins réfractaires au changement? Eh bien, la bonne nouvelle du jour, c’est que je crois avoir identifié un bon moyen de s’y prendre, dans un petit livre à la fois rigolo et inspirant. Il s’agit de Il faut sauver la ruche (Le Dauphin Blanc, 2016) des consultants en management britanniques Paul Rigby et Craig Smith. »

    Source : Schmouker, Olivier. (4 janvier 2017). Comment ne plus avoir peur du changement ? [Billet de blogue]. Les Affaires. En tête. Repéré à http://www.lesaffaires.com/blogues/olivier-schmouker/comment-ne-plus-avoir-peur-du-changement/592401

HARCÈLEMENT AU TRAVAIL

HORAIRE DE TRAVAIL

  • Is shift work associated with higher mortality risk? That question has been the subject of much discussion for decades. Mortality risk includes concerns that reflect not only incidence but also case fatality, treatment, information of death certificates, and competing causes of death – especially in advanced age. Although related, mortality and incidence are not the same as the former is broader. Taylor & Pocock performed the first study using modern epidemiological methods. The cohort included 8603 male manual workers followed for 12 years. The analysis presented results on indirect standardization, ie, the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) among day, shift, and ex-shift workers, using the general population as a reference.

    Source : Knutsson, A. (2017). Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health. Prépublication. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3622

Pour voir l’article original : http://www.sjweh.fi/show_abstract.php?abstract_id=3612

  • The current study investigates the benefits of a good night’s sleep and short work breaks for employees’ daily work engagement. It is hypothesized that sleep and self-initiated short breaks help restore energetic and self-regulatory resources which, in turn, enable employees to experience high work engagement. After nights employees slept better, they indicated higher work engagement during the day. Moreover, taking self-initiated short breaks from work in the afternoon boosted daily work engagement, whereas taking short breaks in the morning failed to predict daily work engagement. Taking short breaks did not compensate for impaired sleep with regard to daily work engagement. Overall, these findings suggest that recovery before and during work can foster employees’ daily work engagement.

    Source : Kühnel, Jana, Zacher, Hannes, de Bloom, Jessica, & Bledow, Ronald. (2017). European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2016.1269750

HYGIÈNE ET SALUBRITÉ

Pour voir l’article original : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2016.06.012

Pour voir l’article original : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2016.06.012.

MANUTENTION DE CHARGES

  • Excessive force used during push, pull, or carry tasks can result in injury. Use this calculator to estimate these suggested maximums: Force that can be used during pushing and pulling Weight that can be carried. Adjust the values to match your unique situation. This calculator is based on data from a manual handling study commonly referred to as the Snook tables.

    Source : WorkSafe BC. Push/pull/Carry Calculator. Repéré à http://worksafebcmedia.com/misc/calculator/ppcc

Pour accéder aux tableaux de Snook : https://libertymmhtables.libertymutual.com/CM_LMTablesWeb/pdf/LibertyMutualTables.pdf

Pour accéder au document « NIOSH lifting equation » : https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/94-110/pdfs/94-110.pdf

  • Transporting patients in hospital beds is a physically demanding activity performed by healthcare workers and bed design may moderate the risk of injury. Nine healthcare workers participated in a study to investigate how brake pedal location affected maximal voluntary exertion (MVE) force and the level of acceptable force for engagement. Preferred and acceptable push heights when maneuvering a bed were also evaluated. The method of limits was used to determine acceptable forces and push heights. Results demonstrated that pedal depth, clearance above, and clearance behind the pedal significantly affected MVE force and acceptable force. Preferred push height was approximately at elbow level and a single height would not accommodate the user population.

    Source : Zhou, Jie, & Wiggermann, Neal. (2017). Applied Ergonomics, 60, 305-312. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2016.12.012

MÉDICAMENTS DANGEREUX – PHARMACIE

  • The potential for adverse health effects from occupational exposure to antineoplastic drugs (AD) is well known. Control measures recommended by the NIOSH Alert include medical and biologic monitoring, and environmental monitoring where available. At present no guidelines or published best practices exist to guide EHS managers on how to carry out this biologic or environmental monitoring. Studies investigating surface wipe sampling for AD have been numerous in the past decade, but very limited research exists to correlate surface contamination with actual absorption by pharmacists and nurses. This article reviews the studies with concurrent surface wipe sampling and urine monitoring for the same AD, and tests their correlation. Methodologic limitations are reviewed.

    Source : Kibby, Thomas. (2017). Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 14(3), 159-174. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15459624.2016.1237026

  • This study aims at experimentally determining the incidence and extent of liquid releases onto the operator’s hands and into the work environment during common nursing operations involving infusions. A sequence of operations related to the preparation and administration of infusions was conducted by three subjects for 15 times each using fluorescein marked infusion solutions and two different infusion sets (standard set vs. safety-optimized set). Unintended release of liquid was quantified by glove and surface wipe sampling and HPLC/FD analysis of the samples. Operations concerning the disposal of infusions were also part of the study.

    Source : Segner, Verena, Kimbel, Renate, Jochems, Philipp. Heinemann, André, Letzel, Stephan, Wollschläger, Daneil, & Roßbach, Bernd. (2017). International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. Prépublication. doi:10.1007/s00420-017-1196-0

  • L’industrie pharmaceutique en France produit chaque année près de 2 800 substances, présentes dans 11 000 spécialités. Parmi celles-ci, les antibiotiques, les enzymes et d’autres substances végétales comme les gommes sont à l’origine de l’essentiel des cas de rhinite ou d’asthme professionnel (AP) rapportés dans la littérature. Toutefois, les données épidémiologiques sont peu nombreuses et la prévalence des cas apparaît comme faible au regard du nombre de substances mises en oeuvre. Les mécanismes physiopathologiques en cause sont mal connus, en particulier pour les substances de bas poids moléculaire. À l’inverse, un mécanisme IgE-dépendant est habituellement décrit pour les produits d’origine végétale et les enzymes. D’autres mécanismes (action toxique directe, effet histaminique, effet pharmacologique direct) ont parfois été avancés.

    Source : Paris, C. (2016). Références en santé au travail, 148, 117-129. Repéré à http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/Allergologie/TI-RST-TR-61/tr61.pdf

  • The risks to health care workers handling hazardous drugs (HDs) under non-USP compliant conditions are often underappreciated. NIOSH’s landmark 2004 alert underscored the importance of preventing occupational exposure to HDs and played a key role in the development of USP Chapter <800> Hazardous Drugs—Handling in Healthcare Settings. This new chapter provides a framework of 18 sections that guide HD compounding practices to ensure the safety not only of patients, but also of the health care workers who prepare and administer these products.

    Source : Massoomi, Fred, & Kvancz, David A. (December 2016). Pharmacy Purchasing & Products, 13(12), 16, 18, 20-22. Repéré à https://www.pppmag.com/article/1982

MILIEU DE VIE

  • Malnutrition is one of the key issues affecting the health of older people ( > 65 years). With an aging population the problem is expected to increase further since the prevalence of malnutrition increases with age. Studies worldwide have identified that some older patients with good appetites do not receive sufficient nourishment because of inadequate feeding assistance. Mealtime assistance can enhance nutritional intake, clinical outcomes and patient experience. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of meal time assistance initiatives for improving nutritional intake and nutritional status for older adult patients ( > 65 years) in hospital settings and rehabilitation units. The review also sought to identify and explore the perceptions and experiences of older adult patients and those involved with their care.

    Source : Edwards, Deborah, Carrier, Judith, & Hopkinson, Jane. (2017). International Journal of Nursing Studies. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2017.01.013

  • The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of factors influencing the sense of home of older adults residing in the nursing home. A systematic review was conducted. The findings showed that the sense of home is influenced by numerous factors related to the psychology of the residents and the social and built environmental contexts. Further research is needed to determine if and how the identified factors are interrelated, if perspectives of various stakeholders involved differ, and how the factors can be improved in practice.

    Source : Rijnaard, MD, van Hoof, J., Janssen, B.M., Verbeek, H., Pocornie, W.., Eijkelenboom, A., Beerens, H.V., Molony, S.L., & Wouters, E.J.M. (2016). Journal of Aging Research, 2016, 16 p. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6143645

 

Les auteurs ont aussi publié sur cette étude dans Canadian Nursing Home (Winter 2016), 27(4), 4-12.

NORMES ET LÉGISLATION EN SST

  • Depuis son lancement en 2013, la norme nationale du Canada sur la santé et la sécurité psychologiques en milieu de travail a été téléchargée au-delà de 30 000 fois. L’objectif de la norme est de prévenir tout préjudice psychologique aux employés en fournissant un cadre permettant d’évaluer et d’assurer la santé et la sécurité psychologiques en milieu de travail. Mais est-ce que la norme a vraiment fait une différence?

    Source : Centre pour la santé mentale en milieu de travail de la Great-West. (Janvier 2017). Stratégies en milieu de travail sur la santé mentale. Repéré à https://www.strategiesdesantementale.com/anniversary/la-norme-nationale-a-t-elle-fait-une-difference

PISCINE DANS LES ÉTABLISSEMENTS

  • Si le chlore est, à ce jour, l’agent désinfectant le plus communément employé dans les centres aquatiques, il n’en demeure pas moins un produit particulièrement réactif au contact des substances azotées et carbonées contenues dans l’eau de baignade. Apportées en fortes quantités dans les bassins, ces substances d’origine anthropique (produites par l’homme) sont, avec le chlore, au cœur d’une chimie très complexe. La trichloramine, formée à partir du chlore et des substances apportées par les baigneurs dans les piscines, est un irritant des voies respiratoires des salariés de ces lieux de loisirs. Dans une démarche de prévention globale, et après plusieurs études, l’INRS propose des outils pour la prévention de ce risque professionnel qui sont présentés dans cet article.

    Source : Gérardin, Fabien. (Décembre 2016). Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 245, 59-65. Repéré à file://asdata/ASSTSAS/Documentation/PISCINES%20ET%20SPAS/PISCINE%20DE%20R%C3%89ADAPTATION/Trichloramines%20risques%20travailleurs%202017.pdf

PRÉVENTION DES INFECTIONS

  • Needle-free devices (NFDs), also known as needleless connectors, have been available since the early 1990s and the type and variety of these devices has continued to develop. As well as the original aim of NFDs to maintain a closed system and to reduce the risk of needlestick injuries and blood spillage, NFDs are now designed with the aim of improving clinical outcomes by reducing the common complications of infection and catheter occlusion. As there are a number of NFDs available with specific designs, it is imperative that health professionals have an understanding of the different types and functions. This article provides an explanation of NFD design and functions and guidance and information about their benefits, as well as advice on preventing complications associated with their use.

    Source : Kelly, Linda J., Jones, Tracey, & Kirkham, Stephanie. (2017). BJN : British Journal of Nursing, 26(2), S14-S19. http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2017.26.2.S14

  • Staphylococcus aureus cultures from name badge lanyards were phenotypically and genotypically indistinguishable from the wearer’s nasal carrier strains by pulsed field gel electrophoresis and antibiogram. Lanyards had a mean age of 22 months and hygiene was poor with only 9 % ever having been laundered. Molecular analysis showed that 26% of S. aureus nasal carriers shared an indistinguishable strain on their lanyard. Lanyards should not be recommended for staff in frontline clinical care.

    Source : Murphy, C.M., Di Ruscio, F., Lynskey, M., Collins, J., McCullough, E., Cosgrave, R., McDonnell, D., & Fennell, J. (2017). Journal of Hospital Infection. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2017.01.008

  • In the world of healthcare, this adage is often used :  » Handle a needle or sharp like a loaded gun.  » However, even with these sharp words, needlesticks and sharps injuries leading to bloodborne pathogen exposures are common contributors to the healthcare industry’s Bureau of Labor Statistics’ industry average recordable injury rate of 6.2 per 100 employees (BLS, 2004).

    Source : Worden, Cory. (2016). AOHP Journal, 36(4), 28-32.

  • The lack of adherence to protocol within the Gostine et al study could threaten the validity of the conclusion about the effectiveness of the ultraviolet-C (UVC) lamps. The large interruption rate (54.6%) raises concerns on how effective the UVC lamps were at sterilization at a shortened interval, which occurred in over half of the instances of keyboard usage. According to Figure 2 of the original article, if the process was interrupted before 5 minutes (time < 5 minutes), there would still be a minimum of 35.44 colony forming units (CFU) on the keyboard, which would be less than the 99.2% reduction of CFU.

    Source : Predic, Marko. (2017). AJIC : American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2016.11.013

Pour voir l’article original : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2016.06.012

Pour voir l’article original : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2016.06.012

Pour lire l’avis au complet : http://www.hcsp.fr/Explore.cgi/Telecharger?NomFichier=hcspa20160927_obligationsvaccinalesprosant%C3%A9.pdf

  • Home care (HC) aides constitute an essential, rapidly growing workforce. Technology advances are enabling complex medical care at home, including procedures requiring the percutaneous use of sharp medical devices, also known as sharps. Objectives were to quantify risks of sharps injuries (SI) in a large HC aide population, compare risks between major occupational groups, and evaluate SI risk factors. The results showed that HC aides experience serious risks of SI. Preventive interventions are needed, including safety training for clients and their families, as well as aides.

    Source : Brouillette, Natalie M., Quinn, Margaret M., Kriebel, David, Markkanen, Pia K., Galligan, Catherine J., Sama, Susan R., Gore, Rebecca, J., Laramie, Angela K., & Davis, Letitia. (2017). AJIC : American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2016.11.018

  • This study tests air quality indicators in a dynamic operating room environment. A mock surgical procedure led by a board-certified surgeon was used to simulate actual conditions in an operating room to provide realistic data. Levels of airborne contaminants in a health care setting can be accurately quantified using this testing protocol. Environmental quality indicators, such as number of particles, microbial contaminant load, air velocity, and temperature, provide insight to the effectiveness of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems.

    Source : Gormley, Thomas, Markel, Troy A., Jones III, Howard W., Wagner, Jennifer, Greely, Damon, Clarke, James H., Abkowitz, Mark, & Ostojic, John. (2017). AJIC : American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2016.11.001

  • The influenza vaccination rate among health care workers (HCWs) remains suboptimal. The authors attempted to increase vaccine uptake in HCWs by nonmandatory measures, including 1-on-1 counseling. In 2015, they sed a stepwise approach including (1) text messaging on the last day of the vaccination period, (2) extending the vaccination period by 3 days, (3) education for the low uptake group, and (4) 1-on-1 counseling for unvaccinated HCWs after the 3 interventions. The results demonstrated that stepwise intervention including 1-on-1 counseling is effective in increasing influenza vaccination rates among HCWs.

    Source : Jung, Younghee, Kwon, Mihye, & Song, Jeongmi. (2017). AJIC : American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2016.11.012

PROTECTION RESPIRATOIRE

QUALITÉ DE L’AIR

  • Photocopiers emit large amounts of nanoparticles (NP) and are a significant source of indoor air pollution. These emissions induce airway inflammation, irritation, and systemic oxidative stress in humans, lung injury and inflammation in animals, and cytotoxicity and epigenetic modifications in vitro. However, little is known regarding NP exposures at the workstation in the photocopy work environment, or the extent and use of emission controls. The purpose of this study was to survey the photocopy work environment with regards to emissions controls and to evaluate IAQ with emphasis on NP exposure at the operator’s workstation.

    Source : Martin, John, Demokritou, Philip, Woskie, Susan, & Bello, Dhimiter. (2017). Annals of Work Exposures and Health, 61(1), 110-122. https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxw016

  • Le présent document se veut un guide pour les professionnels de la santé publique, les chefs d’entretien d’établissements ou d’installations, les gestionnaires des risques, les hygiénistes du travail, les cliniciens et les autres employés d’établissements de soins prolongés qui aimeraient mettre en place un programme de réduction des risques d’exposition au monoxyde de carbone (CO) à l’intérieur pour les résidents et le personnel. Il donne un aperçu du cadre de surveillance du monoxyde carbone et d’intervention, du motif de sa mise en oeuvre dans les établissements de soins prolongés, des étapes suggérées pour la mise en oeuvre et des ressources modèles.

    Source : Fong, Daniel. (2016). [S.l.] : Centre de contrôle des maladies de la Colombie-Britannique & Centre de collaboration nationale en santé environnementale, 22 p. Repéré à http://www.ccnse.ca/sites/default/files/Guide_mise_en_oeuvre_cadre_surveillance_monoxyde_de_carbone_aug2016.pdf

  • This study tests air quality indicators in a dynamic operating room environment. A mock surgical procedure led by a board-certified surgeon was used to simulate actual conditions in an operating room to provide realistic data. Levels of airborne contaminants in a health care setting can be accurately quantified using this testing protocol. Environmental quality indicators, such as number of particles, microbial contaminant load, air velocity, and temperature, provide insight to the effectiveness of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems.

    Source : Gormley, Thomas, Markel, Troy A., Jones III, Howard W., Wagner, Jennifer, Greely, Damon, Clarke, James H., Abkowitz, Mark, & Ostojic, John. (2017). AJIC : American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2016.11.001

RÉTENTION DU PERSONNEL

  • Peu de recherches ont examiné les conséquences de la brèche du contrat psychologique dans le cas particulier des employés professionnels travaillant pour des organisations non-professionnelles. Afin de combler cette lacune et dans le but de gagner en compréhension, cet article a pour objectif de tester un modèle de recherche original englobant la brèche et la violation, le soutien organisationnel perçu, les engagements organisationnel et professionnel, ainsi que l’intention de démissionner. Une recherche a été conduite auprès un échantillon de 329 employé(e)s professionnel(le)s travaillant dans des organisations non-professionnelles. Conformément aux prédictions, notre étude montre une relation positive entre la brèche et la violation, une relation négative entre la violation et l’engagement organisationnel, ainsi qu’une relation négative entre l’engagement organisationnel et l’intention de quitter l’organisation.

    Source : Paillé, Pascal, Raineri, Nicolas, & Valeau, Patrick. (2016). Relations industrielles = Industrial Relations, 71(4), 639-654. Repéré à https://www.riir.ulaval.ca/fr/node/5043

RETOUR AU TRAVAIL

  • Les blessures musculosquelettiques, et plus particulièrement les affections vertébrales, constituent le premier facteur responsable des incapacités fonctionnelles au Québec. Les chercheurs ont tenté, par l’entremise d’une étude de cohorte longitudinale, de déterminer les facteurs cliniques, psychologiques et physiques qui expliquent l’apparition et le développement de l’incapacité associée aux affections qui présentent un historique de douleurs lombaires. L’objectif principal de l’étude consistait à déterminer si la douleur initiale, les facteurs psychologiques qui lui sont associés, les capacités motrices en présence de douleur et les mécanismes de modulation de la douleur jouent un rôle dans l’évolution des incapacités fonctionnelles et l’absentéisme associés à la lombalgie chez un groupe de travailleurs ayant connu au moins un récent épisode significatif de lombalgies.

    Source : Descarreaux, Martin, Cantin, Vincent, Piché, Mathieu, Dubois, Jean-Daniel, Lardon, Arnaud, & Pagé, Isabelle. (2016). Montréal : Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé sur la santé et la sécurité du travail, xi, 65 p. (Études et recherches, rapport R-939) Repéré à http://www.irsst.qc.ca/media/documents/PubIRSST/R-939.pdf

  • Les absences prolongées du travail, et particulièrement celles liées aux troubles mentaux courants (TMC) et aux troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS), engendrent des coûts économiques et humains considérables. Devant cet enjeu, il apparaît nécessaire de mieux comprendre les facteurs qui nuisent au retour au travail (RAT) de ces deux populations. L’objectif de cette étude prospective visait la validation de l’outil intitulé « Obstacles au Retour au Travail Et Sentiment d’Efficacité pour les Surmonter » (ORTESES) auprès d’employés en processus de RAT suite à un TMC ou un TMS. Plus précisément, il s’agissait de valider les propriétés psychométriques relatives à l’ORTESES.

    Source : Marc Corbière, Negrini, Alessia, Durand, Marie-Josée, St-Arnaud, Louise, Briand, Catherine, Fassier, Jean-Baptiste,… Lachance, Jean-Philippe. (2017). Montréal : Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé sur la santté et la sécurité du travail, xi, 61 p. (Études et recherches, rapport R-938). Repéré à http://www.irsst.qc.ca/media/documents/PubIRSST/R-938.pdf

SÉCURITÉ DES MACHINES – CADENASSAGE

  • Dans une démarche d’appréciation du risque telle que définie dans la norme internationale ISO 12100:2010, l’estimation du risque est une étape essentielle permettant aux concepteurs et aux utilisateurs de machines de déterminer le niveau de risque et les situations dangereuses les plus critiques. Deux études antérieures financées par l’IRSST ont permis de révéler que les nombreux outils qui permettent de réaliser l’estimation du risque se présentent sous des formes très diverses, et que plusieurs de leurs caractéristiques (ex. : paramètres, architecture) pouvaient influencer de façon importante le niveau de risque obtenu par leur application. Dans ce troisième volet sur l’appréciation du risque associé aux machines, l’impact de ces caractéristiques a été évalué et certaines règles de construction des outils d’estimation du risque ont été validées par une étude expérimentale nécessitant la participation de différents utilisateurs provenant principalement de l’industrie.

    Source : Gauthier, François, Chinniah, Yuvin, Burlet-Vienney, Damien, Aucourt, Barthélémy, & Larouche, Stéphane. (2016). Montréal : IRSST, xv, 112 p. Repéré à http://www.irsst.qc.ca/media/documents/PubIRSST/R-940.pdf

  • The ANSI/ASSE Z244.1 Standard is considered the defining document for addressing the complex issues of lockout/tagout and methods for the control of hazardous energy, and the Z244 Committee is moving in a new direction. OSHA currently has a policy – adopted by many employers and organizations – that a zero risk blanket approach is necessary to prevent injuries. According to Todd Grover, global senior manager for applied safety Solutions at Master Lock, and a member of the committee, the new standard, « Is not an effort to comply one-on-one with the OSHA standard. » Instead, he adds, « The committee addresses what’s really going on in the workplace. When power must be present, there are responsible ways to protect people and the standard brings greater awareness to that. »

    Source : Smith, Sandy. (January 13, 2017). The Future of Lockout/Tagout: Is Zero Risk an Outdated Approach ? EHS Today. Repéré à http://ehstoday.com/safety/future-lockouttagout-zero-risk-outdated-approach

  • Ce document est un aide-mémoire présentant une méthode qui permet d’analyser les risques associés aux machines dangereuses utilisées dans les milieux de travail. La méthode est fondée sur des principes éprouvés. L’analyse du risque, telle qu’elle y est présentée, sert à repérer les phénomènes dangereux, à estimer les risques et à choisir les mesures de sécurité appropriées. Il comprend entre autres un modèle de grille d’analyse du risque. Cette grille peut être adaptée selon les besoins et les situations propres à chaque établissement. L’aide-mémoire est utilisé dans le cadre d’une formation sur l’analyse des risques. Toute personne désireuse d’appliquer la méthode d’analyse doit donc avoir au préalable reçu une formation appropriée.

    Source : Paques, Joseph-Jean, Bourbonnière, Réal, Daigle, Renaud, Duchesne, Donald, Trudel, Conrad, Villeneuve, Jean,…Schreiber, Luc. (2016). [Montréal] : Commission des normes, de l’équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail, 23 p. Repéré à http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Pages/DC-200-1581.aspx

SÉCURITÉ ROUTIÈRE

  • Deaths or serious injuries among emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and other ambulance occupants occur at a high rate during transport. According to a study by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), EMTs and paramedics have higher fatality rates when compared to all workers, with forty-five percent of EMT deaths resulting from highway incidents, primarily due to vehicle collisions. To reduce injury potential to the EMTs and other ambulance occupants, NIOSH, the Department of Homeland Security, the U.S. General Services Administration, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology, along with private industry partners, have committed to improving the workspace design of ambulance patient compartments for safe and effective performance. Up-to-date EMT anthropometric data were needed for this effort. Between December 2013 and May 2015, NIOSH conducted a nationwide anthropometric survey of 472 male and 161 female EMTs in the continental U.S.

    Source : National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). (November 2016). Anthropometric Database for the EMTs in the United States. NIOSH Data and Statistics Gateway. Repéré à https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/data/datasets/rd-1008-2016-0/default.html

  • Between 1992 and 2011, 21% of deaths from ambulance crashes were among EMS workers and patients, and 4% were among ambulance drivers, according to data from the National Highway and Traffic Safety Administration. In the majority of these crashes, the EMS worker was unrestrained. To decrease the risk, investigators at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) work with several federal partners and private ambulance manufacturers to design safer patient compartments for ambulances. The goal of this work is to design interiors that would allow the EMS worker to do his or her job while remaining seated and properly restrained. This research also aligns with the NIOSH Prevention through Design initiative, which strives to protect workers by minimizing work-related safety and health risks by building safety into the design and manufacturing process.

    Source : National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). (January 2017). CDC – NIOSH Research Rounds, 2(7). Repéré à https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/research-rounds/resroundsv2n7.html#b

SANTÉ – BIEN-ÊTRE AU TRAVAIL

  • Occupational fatigue is an important challenge in improving health and safety in health care systems. This paper explore relationships between nursing work system components and nurse fatigue. Findings revealed significant interactions between work system components and nurses’ fatigue and recovery. A systems approach allows for a more accurate representation of complexity in work systems and can guide interventions to improve nurse health and safety.

    Source : Steege, Linsey M., Pasupathy, Kalyan S., & Drake, Diane A. (2017). Ergonomics. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2017.1280186

  •  » Nous en rêvons tous : être non seulement heureux, mais aussi performant au travail. Oui, triper jour après jour dans ce que nous accomplissons avec nos collègues. À tel point que les heures filent sans même que nous nous en apercevions. Mais voilà, existe-t-il une recette secrète permettant de passer du rêve à la réalité? (Surtout que, si ça existait, ça se saurait, pensez-vous sûrement.) Eh bien, asseyez-vous bien. Si, si… Sept chercheurs ont demandé à 78 volontaires, tous employés au sein d’un centre de réadaptation physique implanté au Québec, de bien vouloir se prêter à une petite expérience. « 

    Source : Schmouker, Olivier. (24 janvier 2017). Un truc génial pour être enfin heureux et efficace au travail ! [Billet de blogue]. Les Affaires. En tête. Repéré à http://www.lesaffaires.com/blogues/olivier-schmouker/un-truc-genial-pour-etre-enfin-heureux-et-efficace-au-travail/592895

Pour consulter l’article original  » Facilitating well-being and Performance through the Development of Strengths at Work: Results from an Intervention Program  » : http://images.transcontinentalmedia.com/LAF/lacom/strenghts_at_work.pdf

  • Ce midi, levez le nez de votre ordinateur et regardez tout autour de vous : combien de personnes sont-elles en train de manger à leur bureau (ou ensemble dans une salle de réunion) ? Et surtout, combien se remettront aussitôt au travail, une fois la dernière bouchée avalée ? Faites l’expérience, et je suis sûr que vous serez effaré. Pourtant, sortir prendre l’air juste après avoir mangé ne peut faire que du bien. Ne serait-ce qu’en raison du fait que cela nous fait bouger, respirer, voir autre chose que le petit cubicule dans lequel on est enfermé toute la journée. Logique, n’est-ce pas ? Mais voilà, cette logique-là se vérifie-t-elle vraiment ?

    Source : Schmouker, Olivier. (20 janvier 2017). Flâner dehors sur l’heure du lunch, quelle heureuse idée ! [Billet de blogue]. Les Affaires. En tête. Repéré à http://www.lesaffaires.com/blogues/olivier-schmouker/flaner-dehors-sur-l-heure-du-lunch-quelle-heureuse-idee/592835

  • La musique adoucit les mœurs, comme le suggère le dicton. Que ce soit dans la sphère privée ou dans la sphère professionnelle, et ce pour bon nombre de personnes, la musique nous suit dans nos déplacements et nos activités, les technologies de l’information et de la communication rendant la chose encore plus aisée aujourd’hui. À ce titre, bon nombre d’études scientifiques réalisées au cours des trois dernières décennies se sont intéressées au rôle et aux effets de la musique dans le cadre du travail. La grande majorité de ces dernières concluent à l’apport généralement bénéfique de la musique en contexte professionnel.

    Source : Normandin, François. (11 janvier 2017). Revue Gestion HEC Montréal. Repéré à http://www.revuegestion.ca/decouvrir/aimez-brahms-bureau/?utm_source=wysija&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=dans_gestion_cette_semaine

Pour lire l’article original : http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1029864911398065

Pour accéder à l’article original : http://www.preventique.org/content/investir-en-sante-et-qualite-de-vie-au-travail-cest-rentable

  • The current study investigates the benefits of a good night’s sleep and short work breaks for employees’ daily work engagement. It is hypothesized that sleep and self-initiated short breaks help restore energetic and self-regulatory resources which, in turn, enable employees to experience high work engagement. After nights employees slept better, they indicated higher work engagement during the day. Moreover, taking self-initiated short breaks from work in the afternoon boosted daily work engagement, whereas taking short breaks in the morning failed to predict daily work engagement. Taking short breaks did not compensate for impaired sleep with regard to daily work engagement. Overall, these findings suggest that recovery before and during work can foster employees’ daily work engagement.

    Source : Kühnel, Jana, Zacher, Hannes, de Bloom, Jessica, & Bledow, Ronald. (2017). European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2016.1269750

SANTÉ PSYCHOLOGOQUE

  • La dimension humaine semble quelque peu oubliée dans le cadre des fusions d’entreprises. Si les départs volontaires ou imposés sont généralement bien gérés, les « rescapés » de la fusion sont souvent délaissés, jugés déjà chanceux d’être toujours là doivent donc se débrouiller seuls. Il faut faire face à la baisse de moral, à la nostalgie de l’époque révolue, à l’indifférence ou aux jalousies des nouveaux collègues, à la nécessaire compétition entre les acquéreurs et les « rachetés ». Se plier aux nouvelles méthodes et accepter les nouveaux chefs, pourquoi pas ? Mais les nouveaux venus attendent aussi des réponses sur leurs compétences et leurs opportunités de carrière. Il est important de construire une culture commune et de faire adhérer l ensemble des collaborateurs à des projets mutuels. Sinon, c’est la porte ouverte au sentiment de dévalorisation, à la perte d’efficacité et au désinvestissement personnel. Si tout cela « demande de l’écoute et du temps, le jeu en vaut vraiment la chandelle » pour assurer une meilleure qualité de vie au travail.

    Source : Le blues de l’après-fusion (26 janvier 2017). CAMIP.info : revue de la santé au travail. Repéré à http://www.camip.info/nous-avons-lu-pour-vous/Stress-Facteurs-psychosociaux/article/le-blues-de-l-apres-fusion

  • Le milieu de travail constitue, pour une majorité de la population, un lieu structurant pouvant répondre à plusieurs besoins. Effectivement, en plus de combler nos nécessités «alimentaires», le travail a le potentiel de nourrir nos besoins de reconnaissance, de développement et d’actualisation de soi ainsi que certains besoins sociaux d’appartenance et d’intégration à une communauté. Il s’agit donc d’un espace social propice pour : dépister des personnes qui traversent une épreuve ou une période plus difficile, qu’il s’agisse de difficulté personnelle ou professionnelle; poser un premier geste concret pour aider la personne en difficulté à obtenir de l’aide. Comment reconnaître une personne en détresse et que pouvons-nous faire ?

    Source : Lemire Auclair, Émilie. (30 janvier 2017). Comment réagir devant la détresse en milieu de travail? Observer, nommer ses doutes, écouter et référer… [Billet de blogue]. Revue Gestion HEC Montréal. Repéré à http://www.revuegestion.ca/agir/reagir-devant-detresse-milieu-de-travail/#

  • Être empathique, comprendre ce qui se passe dans la tête et le cœur de son interlocuteur, sentir conjointement la douleur et le désarroi de son vis-à-vis : tout cela constitue sans conteste un puissant atout dans l’arsenal du bon gestionnaire. Et à ce compte-là, nous serions sans doute les premiers à voter pour plus d’empathie dans nos entreprises et dans nos organisations! Mais, comme la Nature a horreur des extrêmes, on peut se demander si trop d’empathie ne serait pas contre-productif à la longue.

    Source : Normandin, François. (15 janvier 2017). Empathie : trop, c’est comme pas assez… [Billet de blogue]. Revue Gestion HEC Montréal. Repéré à http://www.revuegestion.ca/informer/empathie-trop-cest-comme-pas-assez/?utm_source=wysija&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=dans_gestion_cette_semaine

  • Preventing work injuries requires a clear understanding of how they occur, how they are recorded, and the accuracy of injury surveillance. This study examine how psychosocial safety climate (PSC) influences the development of reported and unreported physical and psychological workplace injuries beyond (physical) safety climate, via the erosion of psychological health (emotional exhaustion).

    Source : Zadow, Amy Jane, Dollard, Maureen Frances, McLinton, Sarven Savia, Lawrence, Peter, & Tuckey, Michelle Rae. (2017). Stress & Health. Prépublication. doi : 10.1002/smi.2740

  • Les absences prolongées du travail, et particulièrement celles liées aux troubles mentaux courants (TMC) et aux troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS), engendrent des coûts économiques et humains considérables. Devant cet enjeu, il apparaît nécessaire de mieux comprendre les facteurs qui nuisent au retour au travail (RAT) de ces deux populations. L’objectif de cette étude prospective visait la validation de l’outil intitulé « Obstacles au Retour au Travail Et Sentiment d’Efficacité pour les Surmonter » (ORTESES) auprès d’employés en processus de RAT suite à un TMC ou un TMS. Plus précisément, il s’agissait de valider les propriétés psychométriques relatives à l’ORTESES.

    Source : Marc Corbière, Negrini, Alessia, Durand, Marie-Josée, St-Arnaud, Louise, Briand, Catherine, Fassier, Jean-Baptiste,… Lachance, Jean-Philippe. (2017). Montréal : Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé sur la santté et la sécurité du travail, xi, 61 p. (Études et recherches, rapport R-938). Repéré à http://www.irsst.qc.ca/media/documents/PubIRSST/R-938.pdf

  •  » Nous en rêvons tous : être non seulement heureux, mais aussi performant au travail. Oui, triper jour après jour dans ce que nous accomplissons avec nos collègues. À tel point que les heures filent sans même que nous nous en apercevions. Mais voilà, existe-t-il une recette secrète permettant de passer du rêve à la réalité? (Surtout que, si ça existait, ça se saurait, pensez-vous sûrement.) Eh bien, asseyez-vous bien. Si, si… Sept chercheurs ont demandé à 78 volontaires, tous employés au sein d’un centre de réadaptation physique implanté au Québec, de bien vouloir se prêter à une petite expérience. « 

    Source : Schmouker, Olivier. (24 janvier 2017). Un truc génial pour être enfin heureux et efficace au travail ! [Billet de blogue]. Les Affaires. En tête. Repéré à http://www.lesaffaires.com/blogues/olivier-schmouker/un-truc-genial-pour-etre-enfin-heureux-et-efficace-au-travail/592895

Pour consulter l’article original  » Facilitating well-being and Performance through the Development of Strengths at Work: Results from an Intervention Program  » : http://images.transcontinentalmedia.com/LAF/lacom/strenghts_at_work.pdf

  •  » Vous comme moi, nous le savons bien : au travail, une communication de qualité est essentielle. Mais trop souvent, nos conversations y sont à sens unique : l’un – disons, le boss, ou la grande gueule de service – prend le contrôle de la discussion et assène des affirmations tandis que l’autre subit son flot de paroles, en essayant de tiquer le moins possible. Et en bout de ligne, il ne ressort pas grand-chose d’intéressant de ce genre d’échange verbal. Comment remédier à ce grave problème ? C’est plus simple qu’il n’y paraît, et je l’ai saisi à la lecture d’un livre fascinant : L’Art de poser humblement des questions (Ixelles éditions, 2015) d’Edgar Stein, professeur de management à la MIT Sloan School of Management, à Cambridge (États-Unis). « 

    Source : Schmouker, Olivier. (23 janvier 2017). Mieux communiquer avec vos collègues, en 6 étapes. [Billet de blogue]. Les Affaires. En tête. Repéré à http://www.lesaffaires.com/blogues/olivier-schmouker/comment-etablir-de-saines-communications-au-travail/592860

  • La notion traditionnelle de santé et de sécurité au travail comprend maintenant une approche exhaustive qui englobe le bien-être et la santé mentale des employés, aussi appelée santé et sécurité psychologiques. Treize facteurs de risque psychosociaux peuvent avoir une incidence sur la réponse psychologique des employés à leur travail et à leurs conditions de travail, et peuvent causer des problèmes psychologiques. Ces problèmes finissent par influer sur la santé de l’organisation, des employés et des résultats financiers. Ils ont également des effets sur la façon dont le travail est exécuté (notamment les interactions et les relations avec des gestionnaires, des collègues de travail et des clients) et sur le contexte dans lequel le travail est exécuté. Vous pouvez distribuer ces cartes pour souligner que pour bénéficier d’un milieu de travail sain et sécuritaire sur le plan psychologique, les organisations doivent tenir compte de nombreux facteurs.

    Source : Centre canadien d’hygiène et de sécurité du travail. (2017). 13 facteurs des milieux de travail psychologiquement sains. [Carte]. Repéré à http://www.cchst.ca/products/boutique/13factors/

  • The association between perceived workplace psychological stress, over the entire work career, and cancer among men has never been assessed. This was explored in the context of a population-based case-control study conducted in Montreal, Canada. 3103 incident cancer cases (11 types) diagnosed in 1979–1985 and 512 population controls were interviewed. Subjects described in detail each job held during their lifetime, including the occurrence of stress, and its reason.

    Source : Blanc-Lapierre, Audrey, Rousseau, Marie-Claude, Weiss, Deborah, El-Zein, Mariam, Siemiatycki, Jack, & Parent, Marie-Élise. (2017). Preventive Medicine, 96, 28-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.12.004

  • Différentes avenues se présentent au gestionnaire en ressources humaines à la suite d’allégations de harcèlement psychologique. Le gestionnaire RH doit évaluer chacun des chemins possibles non seulement pour faire les démarches opportunes dans l’intérêt des personnes concernées, mais aussi pour permettre à l’organisation de respecter ses responsabilités, notamment ses devoirs de prévention et d’intervention en cas d’allégations de harcèlement psychologique.

    Source : Morin, Véronique. (24 janvier 2017). Portail RH. Le Coin des experts. Repéré à http://www.portailrh.org/expert/ficheSA.aspx?p=659273

  • L’INRS organisait le 19 janvier 2017 un séminaire en ligne portant sur la démarche d’évaluation et de prévention des risques psychosociaux (RPS). Il avait pour objectif de donner des repères méthodologiques et des conseils pour repérer, évaluer ces risques et les intégrer dans le document unique. Après avoir passé en revue le cadre règlementaire et les principales étapes de la démarche, une présentation de l’outil RPS DU détaille la méthode de repérage et d’analyse des RPS basée sur une grille d’entretien, un tableau de synthèse des résultats des entretiens et, enfin, un tableau de bord et des pistes d’action. La seconde partie est consacrée aux principaux conseils et conditions de réussite, ainsi qu’aux réponses aux questions posées par les participants.

    Source : Langevin, Valérie, & Benoit, Marc. (19 janvier 2017). Séminaire en ligne sur l’évaluation des RPS. [Webinaire]. INRS. Actualités. Repéré à https://youtu.be/U6UUk4D0TwM

  • It has been suggested that certain types of work may increase the risk of common mental disorders, but the exact nature of the relationship has been contentious. The aim of this paper is to conduct the first comprehensive systematic meta-review of the evidence linking work to the development of common mental health problems, specifically depression, anxiety and/or work-related stress and to consider how the risk factors identified may relate to each other. MEDLINE, PsychInfo, Embase, the Cochrane Collaboration and grey literature databases were systematically searched for review articles that examined work-based risk factors for common mental health problems. All included reviews were subjected to a quality appraisal.

    Source : Harvey, Samuel B., Modini, Matthew, Joyce, Sadhbh, Milligan-Saville, Josie S., Tan, Leona, Mykletun, Arnstein, Bryant, Richard A., Christensen, Helen, & Mitchell, Philip B. (2017). Occupational & Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi:10.1136/oemed-2016-104015

  • Depuis son lancement en 2013, la norme nationale du Canada sur la santé et la sécurité psychologiques en milieu de travail a été téléchargée au-delà de 30 000 fois. L’objectif de la norme est de prévenir tout préjudice psychologique aux employés en fournissant un cadre permettant d’évaluer et d’assurer la santé et la sécurité psychologiques en milieu de travail. Mais est-ce que la norme a vraiment fait une différence?

    Source : Centre pour la santé mentale en milieu de travail de la Great-West. (Janvier 2017). Stratégies en milieu de travail sur la santé mentale. Repéré à https://www.strategiesdesantementale.com/anniversary/la-norme-nationale-a-t-elle-fait-une-difference

  • Nurses have to manage their emotions and the expression of emotion to perform best care, and their behaviours pass through emotional labour (EL). However, EL seems to be an under-appreciated aspect of caring work and there is no synthetic portrait of literature about EL in the nursing profession. This review was conducted to synthesise and to critically analyse the literature in the nursing field related to EL.

    Source : Badolamenti, Sondra, Sili, Alessandro, Caruso, Rosario, & FidaFida, Roberta. (2017). BJN : British Journal of Nursing. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2017.26.1.48

  • Nursing is a physically and emotionally demanding profession. High role expectations and difficult working conditions place some nurses at risk of burnout and stress-related illness. In spite of the challenges in the current healthcare system, nurses continue to deliver high-quality patient care, retain resilience and progress professionally in the face of adversity. This article provides an overview, with discussion of the evidence in the literature, of some of the suggested methods to improve resilience and enhance staff wellbeing in the nursing profession at an individual and organisational level.

    Source : Brennan, Emma Jane. (2017). BJN : British Journal of Nursing. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2017.26.1.43

  • L’expression « santé mentale » est, le plus souvent, dans le langage populaire, associé à l’idée de troubles psychiques. Toutefois, à l’instar de la santé physique, la santé mentale fait référence à un état global de bien-être et non pas à la maladie. En fait, la santé mentale est plus que l’absence de maladie. Il est maintenant de plus en plus connu que des personnes, diagnostiquées d’un trouble de santé mentale se rétablissent de moments de crise pour vivre une vie satisfaisante lorsqu’elles reçoivent le soutien approprié. Mais pourquoi les organisations devraient-elles se préoccuper de santé mentale ?

    Source : Auclair, Émilie Lemire. (12 janvier 2017). Revue Gestion HEC Montréal. Repéré à http://www.revuegestion.ca/informer/favoriser-sante-mentale-milieu-de-travail/#

  • The aim of the systematic review was to provide an overview of the evidence on the effectiveness of brief interventions targeting mental health and well-being in organizational settings and compare their effects with corresponding interventions of common (ie, longer) duration. An extensive systematic search was conducted using the Medline and PsycINFO databases for the period of 2000–2016.

    Source : Ivandic I., Freeman, A., Birner, U., Nowak, D., Sabariego, C. (2017). Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environmental & Health. Prépublication. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3616

  • Compassion fatigue describes a work-related stress response in healthcare providers that is considered a ‘cost of caring’ and a key contributor to the loss of compassion in healthcare. The purpose of this meta-narrative review was to critically examine the construct of compassion fatigue and to determine if it is an accurate descriptor of work-related stress in healthcare providers and a valid target variable for intervention.

    Source : Sinclair, Shane, Raffin-Bouchal, Shelley, Venturato, Lorraine, Mijovic-Kondejewski, Jane, & Smith-MacDonald, Lorraine. (2017). International Journal of Nursing Studies. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2017.01.003

  • Les auteurs de ce rapport ont examiné ce qui contribue peut-être à la croissance des cas de détresse, du sentiment de colère et de dépression chez les personnes soignantes non rémunérées et ce qui a changé au cours des dernières années qui pourrait contribuer à expliquer cette augmentation.

    Source : Ontario. Qualité des services de santé en Ontario. (2016). La réalité des personnes soignantes : la détresse chez les personnes soignantes de patients recevant des soins à domicile. Toronto : L’Imprimeur de la Reine pour l’Ontario, 41 p. Repéré à http://www.hqontario.ca/Portals/0/documents/system-performance/reality-caring-report-fr.pdf

  • Peu de recherches ont examiné les conséquences de la brèche du contrat psychologique dans le cas particulier des employés professionnels travaillant pour des organisations non-professionnelles. Afin de combler cette lacune et dans le but de gagner en compréhension, cet article a pour objectif de tester un modèle de recherche original englobant la brèche et la violation, le soutien organisationnel perçu, les engagements organisationnel et professionnel, ainsi que l’intention de démissionner. Une recherche a été conduite auprès un échantillon de 329 employé(e)s professionnel(le)s travaillant dans des organisations non-professionnelles. Conformément aux prédictions, notre étude montre une relation positive entre la brèche et la violation, une relation négative entre la violation et l’engagement organisationnel, ainsi qu’une relation négative entre l’engagement organisationnel et l’intention de quitter l’organisation.

    Source : Paillé, Pascal, Raineri, Nicolas, & Valeau, Patrick. (2016). Relations industrielles = Industrial Relations, 71(4), 639-654. Repéré à https://www.riir.ulaval.ca/fr/node/5043

SERVICE DE PSYCHIATRIE

  • The effectiveness of seclusion and restraint (SR) reduction programs has not been well established. The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of SR reduction programs in mental health settings. A systematic review of English and French articles, using CINALH, Web of Science, PubMed, Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library. Additional studies were added by searching the references of identified papers.

    Source : Goulet, Caroline, Larue, Caroline, & Dumais, Alexandre. (2017). Aggression and Violent Behavior. Prépublication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2017.01.019

SERVICES À DOMICILE

  • There is an increasing trend toward more community- and resident-based care in the United States. Home-based care services allow individuals to remain in their home, preserving their independence while minimizing the impact of aging, disability, or illness. Home-based care involves both medical care, such as home health and hospice care, and nonmedical care, such as home care. Providers cover a wide range of occupations including home care aides, home health aides, personal care aides, nurses, therapists, and social workers. Oftentimes, home care and home health care are used interchangeably.

    Source : Howard, Ninica. (2016). American Journal of Safe Patient Handling & Mobility, 6(4), 166-170. http://www.americanjournalofsphm.com/shop_ajsphm/index.php?route=product/product&path=87_91&product_id=195

  • À mesure que la température baisse et que la neige commence à tomber, le nombre de blessures en raison de glissements, de trébuchements et de chutes augmente. Selon le Centre canadien d’hygiène et de sécurité au travail, plus de 42 000 travailleurs sont blessés chaque année au Canada en raison de chutes. Les statistiques démontrent que la plupart des blessures (66 %) surviennent à la suite de glissements et de trébuchements au même niveau. Voici quelques conseils pour les travailleurs et les employeurs afin de prévenir ces blessures.

    Source : Travail sécuritaire NB. (Janvier 2017). La sécurité en hiver : prévention des glissements, des trébuchements et des chutes. Repéré à http://www.travailsecuritairenb.ca/la-s%C3%A9curit%C3%A9-en-hiver-pr%C3%A9vention-des-glissements,-des-tr%C3%A9buchements-et-des-chutes

  • Les auteurs de ce rapport ont examiné ce qui contribue peut-être à la croissance des cas de détresse, du sentiment de colère et de dépression chez les personnes soignantes non rémunérées et ce qui a changé au cours des dernières années qui pourrait contribuer à expliquer cette augmentation.

    Source : Ontario. Qualité des services de santé en Ontario. (2016). La réalité des personnes soignantes : la détresse chez les personnes soignantes de patients recevant des soins à domicile. Toronto : L’Imprimeur de la Reine pour l’Ontario, 41 p. Repéré à http://www.hqontario.ca/Portals/0/documents/system-performance/reality-caring-report-fr.pdf

  • Home care (HC) aides constitute an essential, rapidly growing workforce. Technology advances are enabling complex medical care at home, including procedures requiring the percutaneous use of sharp medical devices, also known as sharps. Objectives were to quantify risks of sharps injuries (SI) in a large HC aide population, compare risks between major occupational groups, and evaluate SI risk factors. The results showed that HC aides experience serious risks of SI. Preventive interventions are needed, including safety training for clients and their families, as well as aides.

    Source : Brouillette, Natalie M., Quinn, Margaret M., Kriebel, David, Markkanen, Pia K., Galligan, Catherine J., Sama, Susan R., Gore, Rebecca, J., Laramie, Angela K., & Davis, Letitia. (2017). AJIC : American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2016.11.018

SERVICES AMBULANCIERS

  • Deaths or serious injuries among emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and other ambulance occupants occur at a high rate during transport. According to a study by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), EMTs and paramedics have higher fatality rates when compared to all workers, with forty-five percent of EMT deaths resulting from highway incidents, primarily due to vehicle collisions. To reduce injury potential to the EMTs and other ambulance occupants, NIOSH, the Department of Homeland Security, the U.S. General Services Administration, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology, along with private industry partners, have committed to improving the workspace design of ambulance patient compartments for safe and effective performance. Up-to-date EMT anthropometric data were needed for this effort. Between December 2013 and May 2015, NIOSH conducted a nationwide anthropometric survey of 472 male and 161 female EMTs in the continental U.S.

    Source : National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). (November 2016). Anthropometric Database for the EMTs in the United States. NIOSH Data and Statistics Gateway. Repéré à https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/data/datasets/rd-1008-2016-0/default.html

  • Between 1992 and 2011, 21% of deaths from ambulance crashes were among EMS workers and patients, and 4% were among ambulance drivers, according to data from the National Highway and Traffic Safety Administration. In the majority of these crashes, the EMS worker was unrestrained. To decrease the risk, investigators at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) work with several federal partners and private ambulance manufacturers to design safer patient compartments for ambulances. The goal of this work is to design interiors that would allow the EMS worker to do his or her job while remaining seated and properly restrained. This research also aligns with the NIOSH Prevention through Design initiative, which strives to protect workers by minimizing work-related safety and health risks by building safety into the design and manufacturing process.

    Source : National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). (January 2017). CDC – NIOSH Research Rounds, 2(7). Repéré à https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/research-rounds/resroundsv2n7.html#b

STATISTIQUES EN SST

  • Ce rapport présente les statistiques de 2015 concernant la situation des jeunes travailleurs sur le plan de la santé et de la sécurité du travail. On y fait notamment état de la nature et de la fréquence des accidents dont les jeunes ont été victimes dans les différents secteurs d’activité.​​ Il présente, entre autres, des statistiques concernant le secteur des soins de santé et services sociaux.

    Source : Demers, Manon. (2016). Portrait des jeunes travailleurs de 24 ans ou moins : Année 2015. Québec : Centre de la statistique et de l’information de gestion. Direction de la comptabilité et de la gestion de l’information. Commission des normes, de l’équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail, 25 p. Repéré à http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Documents/DC-300-1018-7.pdf

TECHNOLOGIES DE L’INFORMATION ET DES COMMUNICATIONS (TIC)

Pour consulter l’article original : http://www.cancerepidemiology.net/article/S1877-7821(16)30050-9/pdf

Pour accéder à la formation en ligne du NIOSH : https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/violence/training_nurses.html

TRAVAIL DE BUREAU

TRAVAIL EN ÉQUIPE

  • Improving the resiliency of healthcare workers is a national imperative, driven in part by healthcare workers having minimal exposure to the skills and culture to achieve work–life balance (WLB). Regardless of current policies, healthcare workers feel compelled to work more and take less time to recover from work. Satisfaction with WLB has been measured, as has work–life conflict, but how frequently healthcare workers engage in specific WLB behaviours is rarely assessed. Measurement of behaviours may have advantages over measurement of perceptions; behaviours more accurately reflect WLB and can be targeted by leaders for improvement. Among other things, this study aimed to investigate associations between work-life climate, teamwork climate and safety climate.

    Source : Sexton, J. Bryan, Schwartz, Stephanie P., Chadwick, Whitney A., Rehder, Kyle J., Bae, Jonathan, Bokovoy,… Profit, Jochen. (2017). BMJ Quality & Safety. Prépublication. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2016-006032

TRAVAIL SÉDENTAIRE

TRAVAILLEURS JEUNES – ÂGÉS

  • Ce rapport présente les statistiques de 2015 concernant la situation des jeunes travailleurs sur le plan de la santé et de la sécurité du travail. On y fait notamment état de la nature et de la fréquence des accidents dont les jeunes ont été victimes dans les différents secteurs d’activité.​​ Il présente, entre autres, des statistiques concernant le secteur des soins de santé et services sociaux.

    Source : Demers, Manon. (2016). Portrait des jeunes travailleurs de 24 ans ou moins : Année 2015. Québec : Centre de la statistique et de l’information de gestion. Direction de la comptabilité et de la gestion de l’information. Commission des normes, de l’équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail, 25 p. Repéré à http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/300/Documents/DC-300-1018-7.pdf

TRAVAILLEURSE ENCEINTE – GROSSESSE

  • This study aimed to examine the relationship between occupational use of high-level disinfectants (HLD) and fecundity among female nurses. Women currently employed outside the home and trying to get pregnant (N=1739) in the Nurses’ Health Study 3 cohort (2010–2014) were included in this analysis. Occupational exposure to HLD used to disinfect medical instruments and use of protective equipment (PE) was self-reported on the baseline questionnaire. Every six months thereafter women reported the duration of their ongoing pregnancy attempt.

    Source : Gaskins, AJ, Chavarro, JE, Rich-Edwards, JW, Missmer, SA, Laden, F., Henn, SA, & Lawson, CC. (2017). Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health. Prépublication. doi:10.5271/sjweh.3623

TROUBLES MUSCULO-SQUELETTIQUES (TMS)

  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a new wearable type of lumbosacral support on low back pain. A total of 121 healthcare workers participated in this study. They were randomly allocated into the experimental and control groups and the former wore the support with signals of compression on the back by poor posture for the first 3 months. The control group remained on a waiting list for the first 3 months. Medical history, musculoskeletal symptoms, feeling in good posture, sleep habits, psychological distress, Roland–Morris Disability Questionnaire, and Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SSAS) were evaluated. The range of motion (ROM) in the shoulder and hip joints as well as spinal alignment were evaluated. Our primary concern was the difference in the change of low back pain measured by visual analog scale (VAS) between the two groups.

    Source : Hagiwara, Yoshihiro, Yabe, Yutaka, Yamada, Hiroyuki, Watanabe, Takashi, Kanazawa, Kenji, Koide, Masashi,… Itoi, Eiji. (2017). Journal of Occupational Health. Prépublication. http://doi.org/10.1539/joh.16-0203-OA

  • The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate metrologically the effectiveness of a training program on the reduction of stressful trunk postures in geriatric nursing professions. A training program, consisting of instruction on body postures in nursing, practical ergonomic work methods at the bedside or in the bathroom, reorganization of work equipment, and physical exercises, was conducted in 12 wards of 6 nursing homes in Germany.

    Source : Kozak, Agnessa, Freitag, Sonja, & Nienhaus, Albert. (2017). Annals of Work Exposures and Health, 61(1), 22-32. https://doi.org/10.1093/annweh/wxw002

  • Les blessures musculosquelettiques, et plus particulièrement les affections vertébrales, constituent le premier facteur responsable des incapacités fonctionnelles au Québec. Les chercheurs ont tenté, par l’entremise d’une étude de cohorte longitudinale, de déterminer les facteurs cliniques, psychologiques et physiques qui expliquent l’apparition et le développement de l’incapacité associée aux affections qui présentent un historique de douleurs lombaires. L’objectif principal de l’étude consistait à déterminer si la douleur initiale, les facteurs psychologiques qui lui sont associés, les capacités motrices en présence de douleur et les mécanismes de modulation de la douleur jouent un rôle dans l’évolution des incapacités fonctionnelles et l’absentéisme associés à la lombalgie chez un groupe de travailleurs ayant connu au moins un récent épisode significatif de lombalgies.

    Source : Descarreaux, Martin, Cantin, Vincent, Piché, Mathieu, Dubois, Jean-Daniel, Lardon, Arnaud, & Pagé, Isabelle. (2016). Montréal : Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé sur la santé et la sécurité du travail, xi, 65 p. (Études et recherches, rapport R-939) Repéré à http://www.irsst.qc.ca/media/documents/PubIRSST/R-939.pdf

  • Les absences prolongées du travail, et particulièrement celles liées aux troubles mentaux courants (TMC) et aux troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS), engendrent des coûts économiques et humains considérables. Devant cet enjeu, il apparaît nécessaire de mieux comprendre les facteurs qui nuisent au retour au travail (RAT) de ces deux populations. L’objectif de cette étude prospective visait la validation de l’outil intitulé « Obstacles au Retour au Travail Et Sentiment d’Efficacité pour les Surmonter » (ORTESES) auprès d’employés en processus de RAT suite à un TMC ou un TMS. Plus précisément, il s’agissait de valider les propriétés psychométriques relatives à l’ORTESES.

    Source : Marc Corbière, Negrini, Alessia, Durand, Marie-Josée, St-Arnaud, Louise, Briand, Catherine, Fassier, Jean-Baptiste,… Lachance, Jean-Philippe. (2017). Montréal : Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé sur la santté et la sécurité du travail, xi, 61 p. (Études et recherches, rapport R-938). Repéré à http://www.irsst.qc.ca/media/documents/PubIRSST/R-938.pdf

  • Les troubles musculo-squelettiques sont le type le plus courant de blessure entraînant une perte de temps de travail, et ils sont responsables de la plus grande part des coûts liés au temps de travail perdu au Canada. Le présent document infographique énonce les causes fréquentes et les symptômes des troubles musculo-squelettiques de même que quelques-unes des mesures que les employeurs peuvent prendre pour lutter contre ceux-ci, par exemple élaborer un programme de prévention connexe et encourager les travailleurs à signaler sans tarder les symptômes qu’ils présentent.

    Source : Centre canadien d’hygiène et de sécurité au travail. (2017?). Les troubles musculo-squelettiques : Causes fréquentes : Ce que les employeurs peuvent faire. [Document infographique]. Repéré à http://images.cchst.ca/products/infographics/download/msds.jpg

  • According to international study results, physical therapists are afflicted with work-related musculoskeletal, psychosocial and dermal disorders as well as infections. The few existing studies in German-speaking regions focus mainly on dermal and psychosocial exposures and resulting complaints. An overview of all relevant work-related exposures and complaints of physical therapists is currently lacking. The authors sought to identify work-related exposures based on the subjective experiences and beliefs of physiotherapeutic representatives, in order to identify relevant work-related complaints and diseases.

    Source : Girbig, Maria, Freiberg, Alice, Deckert, Stefanie, Druschke, Diana, Kopkow, Christian, Nienhaus, Albert, & Seidler, Andreas. (2017). Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, 12:2. DOI: 10.1186/s12995-016-0147-0

  • Réunissant près de 400 participants, 360 communications orales et 60 posters, PREMUS, la 9e Conférence scientifique internationale sur la prévention des troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) a permis d’échanger sur les recherches actuelles et les pratiques d’interventions sur ce sujet. Plusieurs thèmes ont notamment été abordés : travail sédentaire, travail en posture debout, biomécanique des membres supérieurs lors de l’utilisation des nouvelles technologies de communication, prise en compte du sexe/genre, variabilité motrice, exercices physiques au travail et capteurs inertiels.

    Source : Claudon, L., Cuny-Guerrier, A., Desbrosses, K., Gilles, M.A., & Savescu, A. (2016). Références en santé au travail, 148, 91-98. Repéré à http://www.rst-sante-travail.fr/rst/dms/dmt/ArticleDMT/SuiviPourVous/TI-RST-TD-233/td233.pdf

  • Increased tablet computer usage calls for a proper understanding of potential injury risks from these devices. The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of tablet computer reading postures on head and neck flexion and muscle activity. Nineteen participants completed read a tablet computer in four different postures (standard computer monitor, tablet on a desk, tablet in the lap, semi-reclined with tablet in the lap).

    Source : Douglas, Ethan C., & Gallagher, Kaitlin M. (2017). Applied Ergonomics, 60, 342-347. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2016.12.013

  • Transporting patients in hospital beds is a physically demanding activity performed by healthcare workers and bed design may moderate the risk of injury. Nine healthcare workers participated in a study to investigate how brake pedal location affected maximal voluntary exertion (MVE) force and the level of acceptable force for engagement. Preferred and acceptable push heights when maneuvering a bed were also evaluated. The method of limits was used to determine acceptable forces and push heights. Results demonstrated that pedal depth, clearance above, and clearance behind the pedal significantly affected MVE force and acceptable force. Preferred push height was approximately at elbow level and a single height would not accommodate the user population.

    Source : Zhou, Jie, & Wiggermann, Neal. (2017). Applied Ergonomics, 60, 305-312. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2016.12.012

  • The present study aimed at designing, prototype making and evaluating a new assistive device to improve patient transfer conditions. A new aid device for patient transfer was designed and its prototype was made. Comfort and perceived physical exertion of users and stability and applicability of the device were examined. The test subjects included 37 healthcare workers (HCW) of a hospital with patient transfer experience. The data collection tools consisted of visual analog scales (VAS) and Borg’s rating physical effort (RPE) scale. Rapid entire body assessment (REBA) method was applied to evaluate working posture. The results revealed a significant reduction in the users’ rating of perceived exertion.

    Source : Nodooshan, Hamid Salmani, Choobineh, Alireza, Razeghi, Mohsen, & Shahnazar, Taymaz. (2016). JOSE : International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics. Prépublication. 1-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2016.1274161

  • The authors analyzed muscular activity for different computer mouse positions during the completion of a timed computer task and determined whether the different mouse positions could affect muscular activity, productivity, and perceived fatigue. The subjects were nine healthy young men. Two mouse positions were studied: the distal position (DP), with the forearm rested on the desk, and the proximal position (PP) with only the wrist rested on the desk. The subjects performed a 16-min task in each position. The authors found that using a mouse in the DP rather than the PP leads to less activity of the external rotators, less perceived fatigue, and more productivity. This suggests that the DP is preferable to the PP for computer work involving a mouse.

    Source : Sako, Shunji, Sugiura, Hiromichi, Tanoue, Hironori, Kojima, Makoto, Kono, Mitsunobu, & Inaba, Ryoichi. (2016). JOSE : International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics. Prépublication. 1-24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2016.1275140

VACCINATION DU PERSONNEL

Pour lire l’avis au complet : http://www.hcsp.fr/Explore.cgi/Telecharger?NomFichier=hcspa20160927_obligationsvaccinalesprosant%C3%A9.pdf

  • The influenza vaccination rate among health care workers (HCWs) remains suboptimal. The authors attempted to increase vaccine uptake in HCWs by nonmandatory measures, including 1-on-1 counseling. In 2015, they sed a stepwise approach including (1) text messaging on the last day of the vaccination period, (2) extending the vaccination period by 3 days, (3) education for the low uptake group, and (4) 1-on-1 counseling for unvaccinated HCWs after the 3 interventions. The results demonstrated that stepwise intervention including 1-on-1 counseling is effective in increasing influenza vaccination rates among HCWs.

    Source : Jung, Younghee, Kwon, Mihye, & Song, Jeongmi. (2017). AJIC : American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2016.11.012

Pour lire l’avis au complet : http://www.hcsp.fr/Explore.cgi/Telecharger?NomFichier=hcspa20160927_obligationsvaccinalesprosant%C3%A9.pdf

  • The influenza vaccination rate among health care workers (HCWs) remains suboptimal. The authors attempted to increase vaccine uptake in HCWs by nonmandatory measures, including 1-on-1 counseling. In 2015, they sed a stepwise approach including (1) text messaging on the last day of the vaccination period, (2) extending the vaccination period by 3 days, (3) education for the low uptake group, and (4) 1-on-1 counseling for unvaccinated HCWs after the 3 interventions. The results demonstrated that stepwise intervention including 1-on-1 counseling is effective in increasing influenza vaccination rates among HCWs.

    Source : Jung, Younghee, Kwon, Mihye, & Song, Jeongmi. (2017). AJIC : American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2016.11.012

COIN DE LA DOCUMENTALISTE – NOVEMBRE 2016

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Pour contacter notre documentaliste :

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ADMINISTRATION DE LA SANTÉ

  • Conclusions about implementing the management concept lean in healthcare are contradictory and longitudinal studies are scarce. In particular, little is known of how working conditions contribute to the sustainability of lean in healthcare. The aim of this article is to identify to what extent lean tools (visual follow-up boards, standardised work, 5S [housekeeping], and value stream mapping [VSM]) promote working conditions for employees and managers in healthcare organisations (outcomes: engagement in development, job satisfaction and exhaustion), while considering the context (i.e., job resources and job demands) and aspects of the implementation process. A longitudinal quantitative study was conducted that involved employees and managers in two hospitals and one municipality.

    Source : Lindskog, Pernilla, Hemphälä, Jens, Eklund, Jörgen, & Eriksson, Andrea. (2016). Journal of Hospital Administration, 5(5), 91-105. DOI: 10.5430/jha.v5n5p91

  • Cet erratum réfère à l’article suivant référencé dans le Coin de la documentaliste du mois d’avril 2016:

    Harrison, Michael I., Kathryn, Paez, Carman, Kristin L., Stephens, Jennifer, Smeeding, Lauren, Devers, Kelly J., Garfinkel, Steven. (2016). Health Care Management Review, 41(2), 127-144. doi: 10.1097/HMR.0000000000000049

    Source : Effects of organizational context on Lean implementation in five hospital systems: Erratum (2016). Health Care Management Review, 41(4), 343. doi: 10.1097/HMR.0000000000000127

AMÉNAGEMENT – ARCHITECTURE

  • La chose semble si évidente, le lien si fort, qu’il paraît inutile de se questionner à ce propos. Si, d’instinct, nous concevons aisément que la présence de végétaux dans le lieu de travail ne peut qu’être positive, la perception rejoint-elle la réalité à ce chapitre? De prime abord, on doit signaler que la relation entre la présence de plantes vertes et certains éléments reliés à la productivité des employés (absentéisme, climat de travail, stress, etc.) a déjà fait l’objet de nombreuses études par le passé. Toutefois, comme le font valoir Tina Bringslimark, Terry Hartig et Grete Grindal Patil, la très grande majorité de ces dernières ont été réalisées dans des environnements contrôlés. On peut donc s’interroger à juste titre sur la représentativité de ces études. Qu’en est-il dans la réalité des quatre murs de nos bureaux?

    Source : Normandin, François. (3 octobre 2016). Dans la jungle de nos bureaux. [Billet de blogue]. Revue Gestion. Repéré à http://www.revuegestion.ca/decouvrir/dans-la-jungle-de-nos-bureaux/?utm_source=wysija&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=dans_gestion_cette_semaine

  • Récemment, les membres du Comité sur les infections nosocomiales du Québec (CINQ) étaient interpellés au sujet de la décision de gestionnaires de certains établissements de soins d’installer une toilette directement dans l’espace d’une chambre de soins intensifs. De plus, aucun mur ou écran protecteur n’étaient prévus autour de la cuvette. La question précise adressée au CINQ était : « Quels sont les risques infectieux reliés à l’aménagement d’une cuvette (de toilette) à l’intérieur d’une chambre de soins intensifs de niveau 1? ».

    Source : Comité sur les infections nosocomiales du Québec. (2016). [Montréal]. Institut national de santé publique du Québec, 3, [1] p. Repéré à https://www.inspq.qc.ca/sites/default/files/publications/2178_installation_cuvette_chambre_soins_intensifs.pdf

APPROCHE LEAN

  • Conclusions about implementing the management concept lean in healthcare are contradictory and longitudinal studies are scarce. In particular, little is known of how working conditions contribute to the sustainability of lean in healthcare. The aim of this article is to identify to what extent lean tools (visual follow-up boards, standardised work, 5S [housekeeping], and value stream mapping [VSM]) promote working conditions for employees and managers in healthcare organisations (outcomes: engagement in development, job satisfaction and exhaustion), while considering the context (i.e., job resources and job demands) and aspects of the implementation process. A longitudinal quantitative study was conducted that involved employees and managers in two hospitals and one municipality.

    Source : Lindskog, Pernilla, Hemphälä, Jens, Eklund, Jörgen, & Eriksson, Andrea. (2016). Journal of Hospital Administration, 5(5), 91-105. DOI: 10.5430/jha.v5n5p91

  • Cet erratum réfère à l’article suivant référencé dans le Coin de la documentaliste du mois d’avril 2016:

    Harrison, Michael I., Kathryn, Paez, Carman, Kristin L., Stephens, Jennifer, Smeeding, Lauren, Devers, Kelly J., Garfinkel, Steven. (2016). Health Care Management Review, 41(2), 127-144. doi: 10.1097/HMR.0000000000000049

Source : Effects of organizational context on Lean implementation in five hospital systems: Erratum (2016). Health Care Management Review, 41(4), 343. doi: 10.1097/HMR.0000000000000127

BLOC OPÉRATOIRE – CHIRURGIE

  • In the name of patient safety, we have heard calls for « bare below the elbows » care in hospital wards, and now the American College of Surgeons (ACS) is strongly urging surgical workers to drop the common practice of wearing scrubs in public. « Many different healthcare providers — surgeons, anesthesiologists, CRNAs, laboratory technicians, aides — wear scrubs in the OR setting, » the ACS stated in a recently issued policy. « The ACS strongly suggests that scrubs should not be worn outside the perimeter of the hospital by any healthcare provider. To facilitate enforcement of this guideline for OR personnel, the ACS suggests the adoption of distinctive, colored scrub suits for the operating room personnel. »

    Source : Surgical Group Calls for No Scrubs Beyond the Hospital. (November 2016). Hospital Employee Health, 35(11), 130-131. Repéré à https://www.ahcmedia.com/articles/138851

BUANDERIE

  • Enterococcus spp. are a normal part of the gastrointestinal tract of humans and animals. They are also important pathogens, being responsible for 14% of US nosocomial infections from 2007-10. The aim of this study was to examine a laundry facility that processes clinical linens for the presence and seasonality of vancomycin resistant Enterococcus spp. The findings showed that multidrug resistant VRE isolates was significantly higher (53% vs 8%) in dirty vs clean areas within the facility.

    Source : Michael, Karen E., No, David, & Roberts, Marilyn C. (2016). Journal of Hospital Infection. Prépublication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2016.10.017

CIVILITÉ EN MILIEU DE TRAVAIL

  • Incivility at work—low intensity deviant behaviors with an ambiguous intent to harm—has been on the rise, yielding negative consequences for employees’ well-being and companies’ bottom-lines. Although examinations of incivility have gained momentum in organizational research, theory and empirical tests involving dynamic, within-person processes associated with this negative interpersonal behavior are limited. Drawing from ego depletion theory, the authors test how experiencing incivility precipitates instigating incivility toward others at work via reduced self-control.

    Source : Rosen, Christopher C., Koopman, Joel, Gabriel, Allison S., & Johnson, Russell E. (2016). Journal of Applied Psychology. Prépublication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/apl0000140

  • Incivility has negative consequences in the workplace and remains a prevalent issue in nursing. Research has consistently linked incivility to nurse burnout and, in turn, to poor mental health and turnover intentions. To retain high-quality nurses, it is important to understand what factors might protect nurses from the negative effects of workplace mistreatment. The aim of the study was to investigate the role of relational occupational coping self-efficacy in protecting nurses from workplace incivility and related burnout and turnover intentions.

    Source : Fida, Roberta, Laschinger, Heather K. Spence, & Leiter, Michael P. (2016). Health Care Management Review. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/HMR.0000000000000126

  • Incivil behaviors at work—put-downs, sarcasm, and other condescending comments—tend to have a contagious effect, according to a new study by a management professor at the University of Arkansas and several colleagues. Incivil behaviors are less serious than openly hostile behavior such as bullying, harassment, and threats, but incivil behaviors are also more frequent in the workplace and have a significant effect on employees, the study found.

    Source : University of Arkansas. (October, 17 2016). In the Workplace, Incivility Begets Incivility, New Study Shows. [Billet de blogue]. Lab Manager. Repéré à http://www.labmanager.com/management-tips/2016/10/in-the-workplace-incivility-begets-incivility-new-study-shows?fw1pk=2#.WAjed-DhAdU

CPE – SERVICES DE GARDE

  • Le guide des aires et des appareils de jeu a pour but de rendre les aspects techniques de la nouvelle norme 2014 CAN/CSA-Z614-14 plus faciles à appliquer sur le terrain pour tous les responsables d’aires et des appareils de jeu publics. La première section du guide présente les principaux éléments du contexte entourant la sécurité dans les aires et appareils de jeu. La deuxième section décrit la planification des étapes visant à rendre les aires et appareils de jeu sécuritaires. La troisième section décrit la gestion de l’entretien des aires et appareils de jeu. La quatrième section décrit la façon d’utiliser les grilles d’inspection et donne les définitions des éléments de sécurité abordés dans le guide. Enfin le guide comporte plusieurs annexes, contenant surtout des outils utiles à l’inspection (grilles d’inspection) et à l’entretien des aires et appareils de jeu.

    Source : Fortier, David, & Sergerie, Diane. (2016). Guide des aires et des appareils de jeu : Incluant une grille d’inspection basée sur la norme CAN/CSA-Z614-14. [Montréal] : Institut national de santé publique du Québec, iv, 78 p. Repéré à https://www.inspq.qc.ca/sites/default/files/publications/395_aires_appareils_jeu.pdf

  • Ce guide propose une démarche de prévention à la fois simple et pratique pour éliminer les dangers qui sont à l’origine des accidents et des maladies du travail. On y retrouve un aperçu des principales sources de danger, une grille de sélection des moyens de prévention ainsi que des exemples d’utilisation de la démarche et de la fiche de prévention.

    Source : Commission des normes, de l’équité, de la santé et de la sécurité du travail du Québec. Direction générale de la prévention-inspection & Direction du partenariat. (2016). Guide de prévention en milieu de travail à l’intention de la petite et moyenne entreprise (2e éd.). [Montréal] : CNESST, 36 p. Repéré à http://www.cnesst.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/200/Documents/DC200-16082web.pdf

DÉCHETS DANGEREUX

  • Managing pharmaceutical waste throughout a multi-facility health system that services a wide geographic area can be quite challenging, especially considering the varying waste requirements in different states. Adhering to the multiple, complex regulations guiding compliant pharmaceutical waste management requires significant knowledge and expertise to ensure the safe containment and disposal of all waste streams. As the resident medication experts, it is the professional responsibility of pharmacists to help implement a compliant waste management program that protects the environment and keeps pharmaceutical waste out of the water system. A multidisciplinary effort to implement a comprehensive program for managing pharmaceutical waste throughout the health system was rolled out over the past few years at MedStar Health, a large health system in the Mid-Atlantic region, operates approximately 150 facilities, including ten hospitals in the Baltimore/Washington, DC area.

    Source : Lake, Raymond, & Levin, Bonnie. (2016). PPP : Pharmacy Purchasing & Products, 13(10), 2-6. Repéré à https://www.pppmag.com/article/1947

DÉPLACEMENTS DES BÉNÉFICIAIRES

  • While there is a general consensus that safe patient handling programs nationally suffer from a lack of implementation and enforcement, employee health professionals should be aware that OSHA is taking a close look at the issue when they inspect healthcare facilities. In an encouraging sign to advocates of safe patient handling, OSHA made it an issue of emphasis for healthcare inspections in a memorandum issued last year.

    Source : OSHA Focus on Safe Patient Handling. (November 2016). Hospital Employee Health, 35(11), 124-125. Repéré à https://www.ahcmedia.com/articles/138847-osha-focus-on-safe-patient-handling

  • With increasing emphasis on early and frequent mobilisation of patients in acute care, safe patient handling and mobilisation practices need to be integrated into these quality initiatives. The authors completed a programme evaluation of a safe patient handling and mobilisation programme within the context of a hospital-wide patient care improvement initiative that utilised a systems approach and integrated safe patient equipment and practices into patient care plans.

    Source : Dennerlein, Jack T., O’Day, Elizabeth (Tucker), Mulloy, Deborah F., Somerville, Jackie, Stoddard, Anne M., Kenwood, Christopher,… Hashimoto, Dean. (2016). Occupational & Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi:10.1136/oemed-2015-103507

  • Pressure ulcers are distressing events, caused when skin and underlying tissues are placed under pressure sufficient to impair blood supply. They can have a substantial impact on quality of life and have significant resource implications. Repositioning is a key prevention strategy, but can be resource intensive, leading to variation in practice. This economic analysis was conducted to identify the most cost-effective repositioning strategy for the prevention of pressure ulcers. The aim of this study was to assess the cost effectiveness of two repositioning strategies and inform the 2014 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence clinical guideline recommendations on pressure ulcer prevention.

    Source : Marsden, Grace, Neilson, Julie, & Collier, Mark. (2015). JAN : Journal of Advanced Nursing, 71(12), 2879-2885. DOI: 10.1111/jan.12753

  • Despite numerous strategies developed to reduce caregiver injuries, nurses are still experiencing work-related musculoskeletal injuries. A comprehensive SPHM program has been found to be effective in reducing patient handling injuries among nurses. The aim of this study was to investigate the perceptions of RNs on the implementation of safe patient handling and mobility (SPHM) programs in states with and without SPHM legislation.

    Source : Choi, JiSun, & Cramer, Emily. (2016). JONA : Journal of Nursing Administration, 46(11), 566-573. doi: 10.1097/NNA.0000000000000406

  • With proposed federal legislation in political limbo, too many nurses and their colleagues at the bedside remain at risk of life-altering injuries as they try to care for an increasing population of acutely ill, heavier patients without safe handling equipment. If change does not come from the top down, perhaps it will come from the bottom up. Some nursing schools have added safe patient lifting equipment to their classes and curricula, creating the expectation that the injury prevention tools and devices will be available when their students graduate and take jobs in the field. And if said equipment is conspicuously absent on their first day of work?

    Source : Evans, Gary. (November 2016). Hospital Employee Health, 35(11), 121-123. Repéré à https://www.ahcmedia.com/articles/138846-healthcare-workers-remain-at-risk-of-patient-handling-injuries

ENTREPRISE EN SANTÉ

  • Diabetes in healthcare workers is a major driver of medical insurance costs, as the chronic blood sugar disorder can set off a range of health problems and increase risk of stroke and heart disease. Diabetes is a primary cause of kidney failure, and can cause nerve damage that affects vision and leads to foot ulcers and problems in other extremities. However, the disease can be managed through interventions like diet and exercise, which can also prevent « pre-diabetes » — early signs of blood sugar and insulin problems — from progressing to a chronic condition.

    Source : Wellness Programs can Improve Health, Reduce Cost for HCWs with Diabetes. (November 2016). Hospital Employee Health, 35(11), 126-127. Repéré à https://www.ahcmedia.com/articles/138848

ENTRETIEN MÉNAGER À DOMICILE

  • When home care and hospice staff are asked when and why they would wear personal protective equipment (PPE), they typically report it is worn to protect themselves from a patient’s bllod or body fluids. The chemicals in the disinfectant pose a health risk to the person using them that is often overlooked and staff are not routinely aware of actions to take in the home if they are inadvertently exposed to them.

    Source : McGoldrick, Mary. (2016). Home Healthcare Now, 34(9), 523.doi: 10.1097/NHH.0000000000000458

ÉQUIPEMENTS DE PROTECTION

  • When home care and hospice staff are asked when and why they would wear personal protective equipment (PPE), they typically report it is worn to protect themselves from a patient’s bllod or body fluids. The chemicals in the disinfectant pose a health risk to the person using them that is often overlooked and staff are not routinely aware of actions to take in the home if they are inadvertently exposed to them.

    Source : McGoldrick, Mary. (2016). Home Healthcare Now, 34(9), 523.doi: 10.1097/NHH.0000000000000458

  • L’objectif d’une telle politique est de réduire le fardeau de l’influenza transmis par les travailleurs non vaccinés aux patients et de prévenir les éclosions dans les milieux de soins. Les prémisses sous-jacentes à cette politique sont que ce fardeau est important et que la vaccination des travailleurs contre l’influenza ou le port du masque le réduira substantiellement. Il est difficile d’obtenir, sur une base volontaire, des couvertures vaccinales de plus de 70 % chez les travailleurs des hôpitaux de soins aigus, alors que les politiques de vaccination obligatoire ou de VoM permettent d’atteindre et même dépasser ce niveau de couverture vaccinale.

    Source : Comité sur l’immunisation du Québec (CINQ). (2016). [Montréal]: Institut national de santé publique du Québec, iii, 20 p. Repéré à https://www.inspq.qc.ca/sites/default/files/publications/2173_evaluation_politique_vaccination_influenza_masque_travailleurs_sante.pdf

  • As part of its recent annual N95 Day respirator activities, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) sought to bust several myths about respiratory protection, including the misconception that « respirators and surgical masks provide the same type and level of protection for the user. » This would certainly seem to be patently false based on lab studies, which show the greater effectiveness of a well-fitted N95 in filtering out aerosols and particles that could go through a surgical mask.

    Source : Respirator and Surgical Mask Myths and Controversies. (November 2016). Hospital Employee Health, 35(11), 128-129. Repéré à https://www.ahcmedia.com/articles/138850

  • Ce projet de règlement vise à assurer la santé, la sécurité et l’intégrité physique des travailleurs en modifiant les dispositions du Règlement sur la santé et la sécurité du travail (chapitre S-2.1, r. 13) concernant les échelles portatives et les escabeaux utilisés dans un établissement. Il y est question notamment du remplacement de la conformité à la norme CAN3-Z11-M81 par la norme Échelles portaives CSA Z11, des conditions d’utilisation, des utilisations prohibées et des mesures de sécurité.

    Source : Québec (28 septembre 2016). Projet de Règlement modifiant le Règlement sur la santé et la sécurité du travail. Gazette officielle du Québec, parite 2 : lois et règlements, 148(39), 5521-5522. Repéré à http://www2.publicationsduquebec.gouv.qc.ca/dynamicSearch/telecharge.php?type=1&file=65541.pdf

Pour consulter l’analyse d’impact réglementaire : http://www.csst.qc.ca/lois_reglements_normes_politiques/Documents/AIR_echelle-escabeau.pdf

ÉTABLISSEMENTS D’HÉBERGEMENT

  • Les conditions de travail des soignants d’établissements d’hébergement pour personnes âgées dépendantes changent sous l’effet de l’évolution récente des profils de résidents : amplification des tâches sanitaires au détriment du relationnel, renforcement des exigences de qualification des professionnels et du contrôle qualité, exigence accrue des résidents.Aux dires des personnels soignants, travailler en EHPAD est difficile, aussi bien physiquement que psychiquement, et la charge mentale y est importante. L’organisation du travail est souvent en tension et peut être source de dégradations des conditions de travail. Les professionnels restent toutefois le plus souvent fortement engagés dans leur travail, tant professionnellement que personnellement. Des mécanismes de solidarité sont notamment mis en oeuvre pour pallier certaines difficultés, mais restent fragiles.

    Source : Marquier, Rémy, Vroylandt, Thomas, Chenal, Marie, Jolidon, Pierre, Laurent, Thibaut, Peyrot, Clémence, Straub, Thomas, & Toldre, Camille. Les Dossiers de la Drees, 5. Repéré à http://drees.social-sante.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/dd05.pdf

  • Les dispositifs de localisation qui utilisent le GPS sont des technologies d’aide qui peuvent soutenir la « marche sécuritaire » en alertant les aidants lorsqu’une personne atteinte de la maladie d’Alzheimer ou d’une maladie apparentée erre en dehors d’un secteur désigné, et fournit les coordonnées géographiques afin que la personne puisse être retrouvée facilement. Puisque les dispositifs de localisation sont une forme de surveillance, le fait de les utiliser soulève des questions éthiques et légales concernant la vie privée et l’autonomie, mais les gens atteints de la maladie d’Alzheimer ou d’une maladie apparentée et leurs aidants croient que les avantages potentiels surpassent les préjudices éventuels. Source : Topfer, Leigh-Ann. (2016). Ottawa : Agence canadienne des médicaments et des technologies de la santé (ACTMS), 17 p. (Notes de l’ACMTS sur les technologies en émergence, numéro 147). Repéré à https://www.cadth.ca/sites/default/files/pdf/EH0042_GPS_locator_devices_for_people_with_dementia-f.pdf

ÉVACUATION D’URGENCE

GESTION – LEADERSHIP

  • Au tournant de 2010, les études se sont mises à abonder pour montrer que la santé des employés allait de mal en pis. L’une d’entre elles avait ainsi mis au jour le fait que les coûts en assurance maladie des entreprises américaines avaient littéralement bondi de 131% entre 1999 et 2009. La réaction a été, bien entendu, immédiate: c’est vite devenu à qui proposerait le meilleur programme de remise en forme à ses employés, et à en faire même un argument de séduction à l’attention des talents à la recherche d’un nouvel emploi. Mais voilà, la question saute aux yeux : tout cela porte-t-il vraiment fruit?

    Source : Schmouker, Olivier. (30 septembre 2016). Se soucier vraiment de la santé de ses employés, c’est payant? [Billet de blogue]. Les Affaires. Repéré à http://www.lesaffaires.com/blogues/olivier-schmouker/se-soucier-vraiment-de-la-sante-de-ses-employes-c-est-payant/590374

  • As occupational health and safety leaders, there’s a distinct part to be played in the development of the healthcare culture of safety. These developments cannot be implemented, let alone hardwired, without employee buy-in and especially leadership buy-in. This article explains the optimum leadership required for successful organizational safety culture development.

    Source : Worden, Cory. (Summer 2016). AOHP Journal, 36(3), 14-19.

  • Leadership behaviour has been identified as an important antecedent of workplace bullying since managers may prevent, permit, or engage in the mistreatment of others. However, the issue of how managers respond when bullying occurs has received limited attention. With this in mind, the aim of this study was to explore how managers behave when bullying occurs in their work group and to elucidate the contextual issues that underlie this behaviour. This was achieved through analysis of in-depth interviews with individuals involved in cases of bullying. The findings revealed a typology of four types of management behaviour in cases of bullying, each underpinned by contextual factors at the individual, group, and organizational levels. The study shows that the role of leadership in workplace bullying is more complex than previously thought and suggests several ways in which managers and organizations could deal with bullying behaviour.

    Source : Woodrow, Chris, & Guest, David E. (2016). European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. Prépublication. 1-13. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2016.1243529

  • Conclusions about implementing the management concept lean in healthcare are contradictory and longitudinal studies are scarce. In particular, little is known of how working conditions contribute to the sustainability of lean in healthcare. The aim of this article is to identify to what extent lean tools (visual follow-up boards, standardised work, 5S [housekeeping], and value stream mapping [VSM]) promote working conditions for employees and managers in healthcare organisations (outcomes: engagement in development, job satisfaction and exhaustion), while considering the context (i.e., job resources and job demands) and aspects of the implementation process. A longitudinal quantitative study was conducted that involved employees and managers in two hospitals and one municipality.

    Source : Lindskog, Pernilla, Hemphälä, Jens, Eklund, Jörgen, & Eriksson, Andrea. (2016). Journal of Hospital Administration, 5(5), 91-105. DOI: 10.5430/jha.v5n5p91

  • Studies show that high-quality reciprocal relationships between leaders and followers are positively associated with employee well-being. However, the pathways for promoting this health-enhancing leadership behaviour have not yet been well explored, and most studies have been cross-sectional. The primary objective of this study was to examine the effects of the interplay between job-related resources and leader–member exchange (LMX) on employee well-being, measured as the emotional exhaustion component of burnout.

    Source : Gregersen, Sabine, Vincent-Höper, Sylvie, & Nienhaus, Albert. (2016). Work & Stress. Prépublication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02678373.2016.1249440

  • Collaborative learning models were designed to support quality improvements, such as innovation implementation by promoting communication within organizational teams. Yet the effect of collaborative learning approaches on organizational team communication during implementation is untested. The aim of this study was to explore change in communication patterns within teams from children’s mental health organizations during a year-long learning collaborative focused on implementing a new treatment. We adopt a social network perspective to examine intraorganizational communication within each team and assess change in (a) the frequency of communication among team members, (b) communication across organizational hierarchies, and (c) the overall structure of team communication networks.

    Source : Bunger, Alicia C., & Lengnick-Hall, Rebecca. (2016). Health care Management Review. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/HMR.0000000000000120

  • Cet erratum réfère à l’article suivant référencé dans le Coin de la documentaliste du mois d’avril 2016:

    Harrison, Michael I., Kathryn, Paez, Carman, Kristin L., Stephens, Jennifer, Smeeding, Lauren, Devers, Kelly J., Garfinkel, Steven. (2016). Health Care Management Review, 41(2), 127-144. doi: 10.1097/HMR.0000000000000049

    Source : Effects of organizational context on Lean implementation in five hospital systems: Erratum (2016). Health Care Management Review, 41(4), 343. doi: 10.1097/HMR.0000000000000127

  • Although many studies link teamwork in health care settings to patient safety, evidence linking teamwork to hospital worker safety is lacking. This study addresses this gap by providing evidence linking teamwork perceptions in hospital workers to worker injuries, and further, finds a linkage between manager commitment to safety and teamwork. Organizational records of worker injuries and survey responses regarding management commitment to safety and teamwork from 446 hospital workers within 42 work units in a multi-site hospital system were examined. Results underscored the particular importance of teamwork on worker injuries as well as the importance of management commitment to safety as relating to teamwork. To improve worker safety, organizational leaders and unit managers should work to maintain environments wherein teamwork can thrive.

    Source : McGonagle, Alyssa K., Essenmacher, Lynnette, Hamblin, Lydia, Luborsky, Mark, Upfal, Mark, & Arnetz, Judith. (2016). Journal of Hospital Administration, 5(6), 46-52. DOI: 10.5430/jha.v5n6p46

  • Faut-il se préoccuper du nombre important de changements dans le réseau de la santé? Y en a-t-il trop en même temps? Vit-on de l’excès de changements? Et si poser la question c’était aussi donner la réponse… Que savons-nous sur la capacité des personnes à vivre un grand nombre de changements en même temps? Y a-t-il un seuil critique de fatigue face aux changements? Si oui, quel serait-il et comment le mesurer?

    Source : Johnson, Kevin, J., & Bareil, Céline. (6 ooctobre 2016). Y a-t-il trop de changements dans le réseau de la santé et des services sociaux? [Billet de blogue]. Revue Gestion. Repéré à http://www.revuegestion.ca/informer/y-a-t-de-changements-reseau-de-sante-services-sociaux/?utm_source=referral&utm_medium=lickstats&utm_campaign=css1016&utm_term=pistesdaction&cid=5808cc95d1dd3dee66e4a062

  • L’article précédent « Y a-t-il trop de changements dans le réseau de la santé et des services sociaux? » proposait une réponse à savoir s’il y a trop de changement dans le réseau de la santé et des services sociaux. Maintenant, il ne suffit pas seulement de diagnostiquer ces trois niveaux d’intensité (fréquence, étendue, impact), mais de mesurer leur retombées négatives en terme de santé au travail et de performance en changement selon les contextes des établissements, des équipes en place et des initiatives transformationnelles. Dans les travaux de recherche-intervention des auteurs, c’est par ce croisement diagnostique qu’ils aboutissent à certaines recommandations managériales et stratégiques. Ils vous proposent ici de tirer les pistes d’actions générales en lien avec les effets de saturation de changement liés 1) au rythme, 2) à l’étendue et 3) à l’impact perçu des changements par le personnel.

    Source : Johnson, Kevin, J., & Bareil, Céline. (7 octobre 2016). Quelles sont les pistes d’action face à une potentielle surcharge de changements dans le réseau de la santé? [Billet de blogue]. Revue Gestion. Repéré à http://www.revuegestion.ca/informer/pistes-daction-face-a-potentielle-surcharge-de-changements-reseau/

GESTION DE LA SST

  • As occupational health and safety leaders, there’s a distinct part to be played in the development of the healthcare culture of safety. These developments cannot be implemented, let alone hardwired, without employee buy-in and especially leadership buy-in. This article explains the optimum leadership required for successful organizational safety culture development.

    Source : Worden, Cory. (Summer 2016). AOHP Journal, 36(3), 14-19.

  • Afin d’offrir une image organisationnelle uniforme, de se conformer à certains standards ou seulement pour éviter et réglementer les incartades, il n’est pas rare que l’employeur dicte un code vestimentaire à ses employés. Quant aux droits et aux libertés des employés, ils sont protégés tant par les lois en matière de travail que par les chartes fédérale et provinciale. Aux frontières des réalités de ces deux entités, où se trouve le juste milieu?

    Source : Au travail, qui tranche la question de l’apparence? (11 avril 2016). Portail RH. Repères RH. Repéré à http://www.portailrh.org/ReperesRH/fiche.aspx?p=580110

  • Risks are omnipresent in most human activities. Risk analysis helps to establish the level of risk of a given situation, and to determine if the risk is acceptable, tolerable or unacceptable. At this stage, the consideration of individual or societal factors becomes very important in the decision-making process regarding the acceptability or the tolerability of a risk. In the occupational health and safety (OHS) field, these factors are often implicit and poorly defined. In this work, the risk acceptability influential factors in the domain of OHS are indexed, and a typology of these factors is suggested. In total, 8 parameters regrouping 19 criteria and 14 variables that influence the risk acceptability process are presented, and their scope in OHS is discussed.

    Source : Tchiehe, Derrick Nanda, & Gauthier, François. (2017). Safety Science, 92, 138-147. DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2016.10.003

GESTION DES RISQUES

  • Risks are omnipresent in most human activities. Risk analysis helps to establish the level of risk of a given situation, and to determine if the risk is acceptable, tolerable or unacceptable. At this stage, the consideration of individual or societal factors becomes very important in the decision-making process regarding the acceptability or the tolerability of a risk. In the occupational health and safety (OHS) field, these factors are often implicit and poorly defined. In this work, the risk acceptability influential factors in the domain of OHS are indexed, and a typology of these factors is suggested. In total, 8 parameters regrouping 19 criteria and 14 variables that influence the risk acceptability process are presented, and their scope in OHS is discussed.

    Source : Tchiehe, Derrick Nanda, & Gauthier, François. (2017). Safety Science, 92, 138-147. DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2016.10.003

GESTION DU CHANGEMENT

HARCÈLEMENT AU TRAVAIL

  • Leadership behaviour has been identified as an important antecedent of workplace bullying since managers may prevent, permit, or engage in the mistreatment of others. However, the issue of how managers respond when bullying occurs has received limited attention. With this in mind, the aim of this study was to explore how managers behave when bullying occurs in their work group and to elucidate the contextual issues that underlie this behaviour. This was achieved through analysis of in-depth interviews with individuals involved in cases of bullying. The findings revealed a typology of four types of management behaviour in cases of bullying, each underpinned by contextual factors at the individual, group, and organizational levels. The study shows that the role of leadership in workplace bullying is more complex than previously thought and suggests several ways in which managers and organizations could deal with bullying behaviour.

    Source : Woodrow, Chris, & Guest, David E. (2016). European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. Prépublication. 1-13. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2016.1243529

HORAIRE DE TRAVAIL

  • The objective of this study was to estimate he prevalence of a comprehensive set of self-reported sleep problems by job characteristics, including shiftwork status, among a representative sample of US workers. Data for 6338 workers aged ≥18 years were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

    Source : Yong, Lee C., Li, Jia, & Calvert, Geoffrey M. (2016). Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Prépublication. doi:10.1136/oemed-2016-103638

  • Rest breaks are effective in avoiding an accumulation of fatigue during work. However, little is known about individual differences in rest-break behavior. The present paper presents findings from two studies addressing the effects of the employee’s intention to have rest breaks on rest-break frequency and the change of well-being during a workday.

    Source : Blasche, Gerhard, Pasalic, Sanja, Bauböck, Verena, Maria, Haluza, Daniela, & Schoberberger, Rudolf. (2016). Human Factors. Prépublication. doi: 10.1177/0018720816671605

HYGIÈNE ET SALUBRITÉ

  • Enterococcus spp. are a normal part of the gastrointestinal tract of humans and animals. They are also important pathogens, being responsible for 14% of US nosocomial infections from 2007-10. The aim of this study was to examine a laundry facility that processes clinical linens for the presence and seasonality of vancomycin resistant Enterococcus spp. The findings showed that multidrug resistant VRE isolates was significantly higher (53% vs 8%) in dirty vs clean areas within the facility.

    Source : Michael, Karen E., No, David, & Roberts, Marilyn C. (2016). Journal of Hospital Infection. Prépublication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2016.10.017

  • A tabletop-type ultraviolet C (UVC) light–emitting disinfecting device was evaluated for microbiologic effectiveness, safety, usability, and end-user satisfaction. Three different inoculums of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii complex strains suspended in both saline and trypticase soy broth were applied onto stainless steel carriers and electronic device surfaces in triplicate and cultured for growth after UVC disinfection. Assessments of functionality and usability were performed by biomedical and human factors engineers. End-user feedback was captured using a standardized in-use survey.

    Source : Li, Lisa M., Wong, Titus, Rose, Emily, Wickham, Graham, & Bryce, Elizabeth. (2016). AJIC : American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2016.07.028

MÉDICAMENTS DANGEREUX – PHARMACIE

  • Cette présentation, diffusée en septembre 2016, fait le point sur 10 ans d’amélioration des pratiques sécuritaires concernant les médicaments dangereux au Québec et identifie le travail de prévention qui reste à faire.

    Source : Bédard, Sylvie, & Bertrand, Guy. (2016). Manipulation sécuritaire des médicaments – Après dix ans, une révision s’impose [Webinaire]. Repéré à http://www.asstsas.qc.ca/publication/manipulation-securitaire-des-medicaments-apres-dix-ans-une-revision-simpose-webinaire Pour visionner le webinaire : http://forum.asstsas.qc.ca/2016-014/0shphco9skp5

  • In reviewing the summary findings of the 2016 USP<797> Compliance study, it is clear that over 6 years since this study began, there has been slow but measurable improvement in some specific area of sterile compounding practice. Nonetheless, Chapter <797> has been in existence for over a decade and disturbing gaps in compliance still exist. The current version of Chapter <797> will be replaced over the next year or two by an updated version with even more stringent requirements. This is a concerning, as compliance with the current version of the chapter in some important areas, such as high-risk level compounding, personnel and environmental sampling, sterility testing, and training, have demonstrated little or slow progress toward improvement. The authors believe that most pharmacies want to be better than average, better dans a « C » operation, but how they can help them there ? What will it take ?

    Source : Douglass, Kate, Kastango, Eric, & Cantor, Peter. (2016). PPP: Pharmacy Purchasing & Products, 13(10) Suppl., 11 p. Repéré à https://www.pppmag.com/article/1956

  • While much emphasis has been placed on the improvement of I.V. infusion safety, little published evidence or standardized best practices are associated with I.V. push injections. Although healthcare organizations typically require competency validation for nurses and other professionals with I.V. administration responsibilities, much of this validation focuses on placing and managing vascular access devices. Graduate nurses may learn much of their I.V. therapy/I.V. medication delivery information, and gain most of their experience, from a coworker or preceptor during initial job orientation. These factors contribute to variation in knowledge and skill development and a lack of standard practices across organizations, potentially compromising patient safety. To address unsafe practices and at-risk behaviors associated with the preparation and administration of I.V. push medications in adults, the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) obtained an educational grant from BD to hold a national summit of expert stakeholders. Based on guidelines issued by summit participants and prepared by ISMP, this article summarizes important safe practice guidelines for the preparation, labeling, and administration of I.V. push medications for adult patients.

    Source : Shastay, Ann D. (October 2016). Nursing, 46(10), 38-44. Repéré à http://www.nursingcenter.com/pdfjournal?AID=3787123&an=00152193-201610000-00012&Journal_ID=54016&Issue_ID=3786963

Pour accéder à la version complète des lignes directrices :

http://www.ismp.org/Tools/guidelines/IVSummitPush/IVPushMedGuidelines.pdf

  • The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) recently released its 2016 list of hazardous drugs in healthcare settings, updating the list to include 34 added drugs. Healthcare workers who prepare or give hazardous drugs to patients, such as those used for cancer therapy, as well as support staff may face individual health risks when exposed to these drugs. NIOSH estimates 8 million U.S. healthcare workers are potentially exposed to hazardous drugs in the workplace. The new document, NIOSH List of Antineoplastic and Other Hazardous Drugs in Healthcare Settings, 2016, is the latest version of the hazardous drug list first published by NIOSH in 2004 as an appendix to the document, NIOSH Alert: Preventing Occupational Exposure to Antineoplastic and Other Hazardous Drugs in Health Care Settings.

    Source : National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Education and Information Division. (October 6, 2016). NIOSH. Updates. Repéré à http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/updates/upd-10-06-16.html

Pour accéder à la nouvelle liste 2016 :

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/antineoplastic/pdf/hazardous-drugs-list_2016-161.pdf

  • Approximately 8 million health care workers are unnecessarily exposed to highly toxic drugs used to treat cancer; antineoplastic drugs can contribute to negative health effects for these workers. The drugs have been detected in the urine of workers and on the floors and counters of worksites. Safety precautions that could reduce the risk of exposure are underutilized. This cross-sectional study of 163 oncology health care workers used a survey to measure workplace and individual factors, and environmental sampling to measure surface contamination. The study objective was to identify potential exposures to antineoplastic drugs and factors influencing safety behavior. Personal protective equipment (PPE) use was lower than recommended; unit of employment was significantly associated with PPE use. Chemical residue from antineoplastic drugs was found, revealing potential exposures. Workplace safety must be a higher organizational priority. The contamination of common work areas where PPE use is not expected was of utmost concern.

    Source : Graeve, Catherine Utecht, McGovern, Patricia Marie, Alexander, Bruce, Church, Timothy, Ryan, Andrew, & Polovich, Martha. (2016). Workplace Health & Safety. Prépublication. 12 p. doi: 10.1177/2165079916662660

  • Oncology workers are occupationally exposed to antineoplastic drugs. This exposure can induce adverse health effects. In order to reduce their exposure, contamination on surfaces should be kept as low as possible. The aims of this study were 1) to monitor environmental contamination with cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide, and methotrexate in oncology pharmacy and patient care areas in Canadian hospitals 2) to describe the impact of some factors that may limit contamination.

    Source : Poupeau, Céline, Tanguay, Cynthia, Caron, Nicolas J., & Bussières, Jean-François. (2016). Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice. Prépublication. doi: 10.1177/1078155216676632

  • Three decades of research findings have documented the health effects of handling hazardous drugs. Oncology nurses are vulnerable due to frequent administration of antineoplastics, low adherence to equipment use, reported barriers to use, and perceived low risk of health effects. No interventions have been tested in a controlled, multi-site trial to increase nurses’ use of protective equipment when handling hazardous drugs. The Drug Exposure Feedback and Education for Nurses’ Safety (DEFENS) study will compare the efficacy of education (control) versus an audit and feedback intervention (treatment) on nurses’ self-reported use of personal protective equipment when handling hazardous drugs. The treatment intervention will include tailored messages based on nurses’ reported barriers to protective equipment use.

    Source : Friese, Christopher R., Mendelsohn-Victor, Kari, Wen, Bo, Sun, Duxin, Sutcliffe, Kathleen, Yang, James J., …McCullagh, Marjorie C. (2015). Trials, 16:171. DOI: 10.1186/s13063-015-0674-5

  • Managing pharmaceutical waste throughout a multi-facility health system that services a wide geographic area can be quite challenging, especially considering the varying waste requirements in different states. Adhering to the multiple, complex regulations guiding compliant pharmaceutical waste management requires significant knowledge and expertise to ensure the safe containment and disposal of all waste streams. As the resident medication experts, it is the professional responsibility of pharmacists to help implement a compliant waste management program that protects the environment and keeps pharmaceutical waste out of the water system. A multidisciplinary effort to implement a comprehensive program for managing pharmaceutical waste throughout the health system was rolled out over the past few years at MedStar Health, a large health system in the Mid-Atlantic region, operates approximately 150 facilities, including ten hospitals in the Baltimore/Washington, DC area.

    Source : Lake, Raymond, & Levin, Bonnie. (2016). PPP : Pharmacy Purchasing & Products, 13(10), 2-6. Repéré à https://www.pppmag.com/article/1947

MANUTENTION DE CHARGE

  • The purpose of this study was to explore posture deviation variability caused by load carriages depending on natural posture imbalance to provide information about a carrying habit exaggerating an individual’s posture imbalance. All people exhibit some imbalance from the standard anatomical pose which assumes alignment with the frontal and median planes. In this study natural posture imbalance is the starting point for determining posture deviation which is posture imbalance resulting from an activity, carrying an item.

    Source : Lyu, Saemee, & LaBat, Karen L. (2016). International Journal of Ergonomics, 56(11), 115-123. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2016.09.006

MILIEU DE VIE

  • Les dispositifs de localisation qui utilisent le GPS sont des technologies d’aide qui peuvent soutenir la « marche sécuritaire » en alertant les aidants lorsqu’une personne atteinte de la maladie d’Alzheimer ou d’une maladie apparentée erre en dehors d’un secteur désigné, et fournit les coordonnées géographiques afin que la personne puisse être retrouvée facilement. Puisque les dispositifs de localisation sont une forme de surveillance, le fait de les utiliser soulève des questions éthiques et légales concernant la vie privée et l’autonomie, mais les gens atteints de la maladie d’Alzheimer ou d’une maladie apparentée et leurs aidants croient que les avantages potentiels surpassent les préjudices éventuels.

    Source : Topfer, Leigh-Ann. (2016). Ottawa : Agence canadienne des médicaments et des technologies de la santé (ACTMS), 17 p. (Notes de l’ACMTS sur les technologies en émergence, numéro 147). Repéré à https://www.cadth.ca/sites/default/files/pdf/EH0042_GPS_locator_devices_for_people_with_dementia-f.pdf

NORMES ET LÉGISLATION EN SST

  • Ce projet de règlement vise à assurer la santé, la sécurité et l’intégrité physique des travailleurs en modifiant les dispositions du Règlement sur la santé et la sécurité du travail (chapitre S-2.1, r. 13) concernant les échelles portatives et les escabeaux utilisés dans un établissement. Il y est question notamment du remplacement de la conformité à la norme CAN3-Z11-M81 par la norme Échelles portaives CSA Z11, des conditions d’utilisation, des utilisations prohibées et des mesures de sécurité.

    Source : Québec (28 septembre 2016). Projet de Règlement modifiant le Règlement sur la santé et la sécurité du travail. Gazette officielle du Québec, parite 2 : lois et règlements, 148(39), 5521-5522. Repéré à http://www2.publicationsduquebec.gouv.qc.ca/dynamicSearch/telecharge.php?type=1&file=65541.pdf

Pour consulter l’analyse d’impact réglementaire :

http://www.csst.qc.ca/lois_reglements_normes_politiques/Documents/AIR_echelle-escabeau.pdf

PRÉVENTION DES INFECTIONS

  • While much emphasis has been placed on the improvement of I.V. infusion safety, little published evidence or standardized best practices are associated with I.V. push injections. Although healthcare organizations typically require competency validation for nurses and other professionals with I.V. administration responsibilities, much of this validation focuses on placing and managing vascular access devices. Graduate nurses may learn much of their I.V. therapy/I.V. medication delivery information, and gain most of their experience, from a coworker or preceptor during initial job orientation. These factors contribute to variation in knowledge and skill development and a lack of standard practices across organizations, potentially compromising patient safety. To address unsafe practices and at-risk behaviors associated with the preparation and administration of I.V. push medications in adults, the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) obtained an educational grant from BD to hold a national summit of expert stakeholders. Based on guidelines issued by summit participants and prepared by ISMP, this article summarizes important safe practice guidelines for the preparation, labeling, and administration of I.V. push medications for adult patients.

    Source : Shastay, Ann D. (October 2016). Nursing, 46(10), 38-44. Repéré à http://www.nursingcenter.com/pdfjournal?AID=3787123&an=00152193-201610000-00012&Journal_ID=54016&Issue_ID=3786963

Pour accéder à la version complète des lignes directrices :

http://www.ismp.org/Tools/guidelines/IVSummitPush/IVPushMedGuidelines.pdf

  • L’objectif d’une telle politique est de réduire le fardeau de l’influenza transmis par les travailleurs non vaccinés aux patients et de prévenir les éclosions dans les milieux de soins. Les prémisses sous-jacentes à cette politique sont que ce fardeau est important et que la vaccination des travailleurs contre l’influenza ou le port du masque le réduira substantiellement. Il est difficile d’obtenir, sur une base volontaire, des couvertures vaccinales de plus de 70 % chez les travailleurs des hôpitaux de soins aigus, alors que les politiques de vaccination obligatoire ou de VoM permettent d’atteindre et même dépasser ce niveau de couverture vaccinale.

    Source : Comité sur l’immunisation du Québec (CINQ). (2016). [Montréal]: Institut national de santé publique du Québec, iii, 20 p. Repéré à https://www.inspq.qc.ca/sites/default/files/publications/2173_evaluation_politique_vaccination_influenza_masque_travailleurs_sante.pdf

  • Enterococcus spp. are a normal part of the gastrointestinal tract of humans and animals. They are also important pathogens, being responsible for 14% of US nosocomial infections from 2007-10. The aim of this study was to examine a laundry facility that processes clinical linens for the presence and seasonality of vancomycin resistant Enterococcus spp. The findings showed that multidrug resistant VRE isolates was significantly higher (53% vs 8%) in dirty vs clean areas within the facility.

    Source : Michael, Karen E., No, David, & Roberts, Marilyn C. (2016). Journal of Hospital Infection. Prépublication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2016.10.017

  • Much is known and reported about sharps injuries in registered nurses, but there has been a lack of published evidence regarding sharps injuries within the student nurse population. The purpose of this review was to discover the impact of sharps injuries in the student nurse population. A systematic review of nursing, health and psychology databases was conducted. The limits set were publications between 1980 and 2014 in the English language. This review highlight the potential psychological issues that can result from sharps injuries in this population.

    Source : Hambridge, Kevin, Nichols, Andrews, & Endacott, Ruth. (2016). BJN : British Journal of Nursing, 25(19), 1064-1071. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2016.25.19.1064

  • Récemment, les membres du Comité sur les infections nosocomiales du Québec (CINQ) étaient interpellés au sujet de la décision de gestionnaires de certains établissements de soins d’installer une toilette directement dans l’espace d’une chambre de soins intensifs. De plus, aucun mur ou écran protecteur n’étaient prévus autour de la cuvette. La question précise adressée au CINQ était : « Quels sont les risques infectieux reliés à l’aménagement d’une cuvette (de toilette) à l’intérieur d’une chambre de soins intensifs de niveau 1? ». 

    Source : Comité sur les infections nosocomiales du Québec. (2016). [Montréal]. Institut national de santé publique du Québec, 3, [1] p. Repéré à https://www.inspq.qc.ca/sites/default/files/publications/2178_installation_cuvette_chambre_soins_intensifs.pdf

  • A tabletop-type ultraviolet C (UVC) light–emitting disinfecting device was evaluated for microbiologic effectiveness, safety, usability, and end-user satisfaction. Three different inoculums of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii complex strains suspended in both saline and trypticase soy broth were applied onto stainless steel carriers and electronic device surfaces in triplicate and cultured for growth after UVC disinfection. Assessments of functionality and usability were performed by biomedical and human factors engineers. End-user feedback was captured using a standardized in-use survey.

    Source : Li, Lisa M., Wong, Titus, Rose, Emily, Wickham, Graham, & Bryce, Elizabeth. (2016). AJIC : American Journal of Infection Control. Prépublication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2016.07.028

  • In the name of patient safety, we have heard calls for « bare below the elbows » care in hospital wards, and now the American College of Surgeons (ACS) is strongly urging surgical workers to drop the common practice of wearing scrubs in public. « Many different healthcare providers — surgeons, anesthesiologists, CRNAs, laboratory technicians, aides — wear scrubs in the OR setting, » the ACS stated in a recently issued policy. « The ACS strongly suggests that scrubs should not be worn outside the perimeter of the hospital by any healthcare provider. To facilitate enforcement of this guideline for OR personnel, the ACS suggests the adoption of distinctive, colored scrub suits for the operating room personnel. »

    Source : Surgical Group Calls for No Scrubs Beyond the Hospital. (November 2016). Hospital Employee Health, 35(11), 130-131. Repéré à https://www.ahcmedia.com/articles/138851

  • The consequences of annual influenza outbreaks are often underestimated by the general public. Influenza poses a serious public health threat around the world, particularly for the most vulnerable populations. Fortunately, vaccination can mitigate the negative effects of this common infectious disease. Although inoculating frontline health care workers (HCWs) helps minimize disease transmission, some HCWs continue to resist participating in voluntary immunization programs. A potential solution to this problem is government-mandated vaccination for HCWs; however, in practice, there are substantial barriers to the adoption of such policies. The purpose of this paper is to identify the likelihood of adopting a policy for mandatory immunization of HCWs in Ontario based on a historical review of barriers to the agenda setting process.

    Source : Jackson-Lee, Angela, Barr, Neil G., & Randall, Glen E. (2016). BMC Health Services Research, 16:522. DOI: 10.1186/s12913-016-1772-0

PRDUITS TOXIQUES

PROMOTION DE LA SANTÉ EN MILIEU DE TRAVAIL

  • There is growing recognition of the influence of the workplace environment on the eating habits of the workforce, which in turn may contribute to increased overweight and obesity. Overweight and obesity exact enormous costs in terms of reduced well-being, worker productivity and increased risk of non-communicable diseases. The workplace is an ideal place to intervene and support healthy behaviours. This review aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to nurses’ healthy eating in the workplace.

    Source : Nicholls, Rachel, Perry, Lin, Duffield, Christine, Gallagher, Robyn, & Pierce, Heather. (2016). JAN : Journal of Advanced Nursing. Prépublication. DOI: 10.1111/jan.13185

  • Diabetes in healthcare workers is a major driver of medical insurance costs, as the chronic blood sugar disorder can set off a range of health problems and increase risk of stroke and heart disease. Diabetes is a primary cause of kidney failure, and can cause nerve damage that affects vision and leads to foot ulcers and problems in other extremities. However, the disease can be managed through interventions like diet and exercise, which can also prevent « pre-diabetes » — early signs of blood sugar and insulin problems — from progressing to a chronic condition.

    Source : Wellness Programs can Improve Health, Reduce Cost for HCWs with Diabetes. (November 2016). Hospital Employee Health, 35(11), 126-127. Repéré à https://www.ahcmedia.com/articles/138848

PROTECTION RESPIRATOIRE

  • As part of its recent annual N95 Day respirator activities, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) sought to bust several myths about respiratory protection, including the misconception that « respirators and surgical masks provide the same type and level of protection for the user. » This would certainly seem to be patently false based on lab studies, which show the greater effectiveness of a well-fitted N95 in filtering out aerosols and particles that could go through a surgical mask.

    Source : Respirator and Surgical Mask Myths and Controversies. (November 2016). Hospital Employee Health, 35(11), 128-129. Repéré à https://www.ahcmedia.com/articles/138850

QUALITÉ DE L’AIR

RÉTENTION DU PERSONNEL

  • Moral distress among nurses compromises their ability to provide optimal patient care and may cause them to leave their job. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency, intensity and level of moral distress perceived by nurses working in medical, surgical and intensive care units. The results showed that highest level of moral distress was associated with the provision of treatments and aggressive care that were not expected to benefit the patients and the competency of the health-care providers. Nurses working in medical settings, nurses with lower levels of experience working in medical, surgical or intensive care settings, and nurses who intend to leave their job experienced the highest levels of moral distress.

    Source : Lusignani, Maura, Lorellla, Maria, Re, Luca Gioseppe, & Buffon, Maria Luisa. (2016). Journal of Nursing Management. Prépublication. DOI: 10.1111/jonm.12431

SÉCURITÉ DES MACHINES – CADENASSAGE

  • Ever-changing dynamics, workplace conditions and increasing compliance requirements can affect a safety leader’s ability to implement an effective lockout/tagout program. Properly locking out machinery to complete tasks where sudden activation could be disastrous is challenging enough for one person. In order to create a safe working environment for everyone, the solution has been and continues to be the practice of group lockout/tagout techniques that afford equal protection to all involved with the work being done.

    Source : Grover, Todd. (October 4, 2016). EHS Today. Safety. Repéré à http://ehstoday.com/safety/effective-group-lockout-techniques

SANTÉ – BIEN-ÊTRE AU TRAVAIL

  • There is growing recognition of the influence of the workplace environment on the eating habits of the workforce, which in turn may contribute to increased overweight and obesity. Overweight and obesity exact enormous costs in terms of reduced well-being, worker productivity and increased risk of non-communicable diseases. The workplace is an ideal place to intervene and support healthy behaviours. This review aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to nurses’ healthy eating in the workplace.

    Source : Nicholls, Rachel, Perry, Lin, Duffield, Christine, Gallagher, Robyn, & Pierce, Heather. (2016). JAN : Journal of Advanced Nursing. Prépublication. DOI: 10.1111/jan.13185

  • Au tournant de 2010, les études se sont mises à abonder pour montrer que la santé des employés allait de mal en pis. L’une d’entre elles avait ainsi mis au jour le fait que les coûts en assurance maladie des entreprises américaines avaient littéralement bondi de 131% entre 1999 et 2009. La réaction a été, bien entendu, immédiate: c’est vite devenu à qui proposerait le meilleur programme de remise en forme à ses employés, et à en faire même un argument de séduction à l’attention des talents à la recherche d’un nouvel emploi. Mais voilà, la question saute aux yeux : tout cela porte-t-il vraiment fruit?

    Source : Schmouker, Olivier. (30 septembre 2016). Se soucier vraiment de la santé de ses employés, c’est payant? [Billet de blogue]. Les Affaires. Repéré à http://www.lesaffaires.com/blogues/olivier-schmouker/se-soucier-vraiment-de-la-sante-de-ses-employes-c-est-payant/590374

  • Studies show that high-quality reciprocal relationships between leaders and followers are positively associated with employee well-being. However, the pathways for promoting this health-enhancing leadership behaviour have not yet been well explored, and most studies have been cross-sectional. The primary objective of this study was to examine the effects of the interplay between job-related resources and leader–member exchange (LMX) on employee well-being, measured as the emotional exhaustion component of burnout.

    Source : Gregersen, Sabine, Vincent-Höper, Sylvie, & Nienhaus, Albert. (2016). Work & Stress. Prépublication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02678373.2016.1249440

  • Diabetes in healthcare workers is a major driver of medical insurance costs, as the chronic blood sugar disorder can set off a range of health problems and increase risk of stroke and heart disease. Diabetes is a primary cause of kidney failure, and can cause nerve damage that affects vision and leads to foot ulcers and problems in other extremities. However, the disease can be managed through interventions like diet and exercise, which can also prevent « pre-diabetes » — early signs of blood sugar and insulin problems — from progressing to a chronic condition.

    Source : Wellness Programs can Improve Health, Reduce Cost for HCWs with Diabetes. (November 2016). Hospital Employee Health, 35(11), 126-127. Repéré à https://www.ahcmedia.com/articles/138848

  • Your social links with your co-workers could have a significant impact on your health, researchers say. « We are less burnt out and have greater well-being when our team and our organization provide us with a sense of belonging and community — when it gives us a sense of ‘we-ness,’  » said lead researcher Niklas Steffens, of the University of Queensland, Australia. Steffens and colleagues analyzed 58 studies that included more than 19,000 employed people in 15 countries. They found that how strongly people identified with their work colleagues or organization was associated with better health and a lower risk of burnout. The findings were published recently in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Review.

    Source : Preidt, Robert. (October 5, 2016). Love Your Co-workers? It Could Boost Your Health. [Billet de blogue] MedlinePlus. Repéré à https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_161331.html

SANTÉ PSYCHOLOGIQUE

  • Les maladies mentales peuvent frapper n’importe qui à tout âge et avoir des effets négatifs sur sa santé, son bien-être et sa productivité (absentéisme et présentéisme au travail). Les organisations qui s’intéressent à la santé mentale et au bien-être de leurs employés rendent ceux-ci plus sains et plus productifs et ont donc de grandes chances d’en recueillir d’importants bénéfices. Cette troisième note de recherche de la série évalue les retombées économiques qui pourraient être générées si l’on améliorait l’efficacité des avantages sociaux et des programmes en matière de santé mentale offerts par les employeurs canadiens. Cette publication comprend un résumé en français, suivi de la version anglaise du rapport intégral intitulé : Healthy Brains at Work. Estimating the Impact of Workplace Mental Health Benefits and Programs.

    Source : Sutherland, Greg, & Stonebridge, Carole. (2016). Des cerveaux sains au travail : Effets estimés des avantages sociaux et programmes en santé mentale offerts au travail. Ottawa : Le Conference Board du Canada. 52 p. Repéré à http://www.conferenceboard.ca/e-library/abstract.aspx?did=8243

  • Incivility at work—low intensity deviant behaviors with an ambiguous intent to harm—has been on the rise, yielding negative consequences for employees’ well-being and companies’ bottom-lines. Although examinations of incivility have gained momentum in organizational research, theory and empirical tests involving dynamic, within-person processes associated with this negative interpersonal behavior are limited. Drawing from ego depletion theory, the authors test how experiencing incivility precipitates instigating incivility toward others at work via reduced self-control.

    Source : Rosen, Christopher C., Koopman, Joel, Gabriel, Allison S., & Johnson, Russell E. (2016). Journal of Applied Psychology. Prépublication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/apl0000140

  • Job stress and burnout are highly frequent in healthcare professionals, and prevalence in nurses can be as high as 40%. Mindfulness-based interventions have been shown to be effective in reducing stress and increasing well-being in a wide range of populations and contexts. However, controlled studies with healthcare professionals, and especially nurses, are scarce. The aim of this study was to explore the effectiveness of an on-site, abbreviated mindfulness-based intervention for nurses, using a nonrandomized, wait-list comparison design.

    Source : Duarte, Joana, & Pinto-Gouveia, José. (2016). International Journal of Nursing Studies, 64(12), 98-107. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2016.10.002

  • The present study adds novel knowledge to the literature on emotional contagion (EC), discrete emotions, job burnout, and the management of healthcare professionals by simultaneously considering EC as both a job demand and a job resource with multiple social pathways. The findings show that not all emotional exchange sources contribute to the EC experience or likelihood of burnout. Specifically, we found that doctors absorbed joy and anger from their colleagues but not from their leaders or patients. In contrast, nurses absorbed joy and anger from leaders, colleagues, and patients. Surprisingly, we found that joy-absorbed and anger-absorbed were related to doctors’ exhaustion and cynicism, but only to nurses’ cynicism.

    Source : Petitta, Laura, Jiang, Lixin, & Härtel, Charmine E.J. (2016). Stress & Health. Prépublication. DOI: 10.1002/smi.2724

  • Studies show that high-quality reciprocal relationships between leaders and followers are positively associated with employee well-being. However, the pathways for promoting this health-enhancing leadership behaviour have not yet been well explored, and most studies have been cross-sectional. The primary objective of this study was to examine the effects of the interplay between job-related resources and leader–member exchange (LMX) on employee well-being, measured as the emotional exhaustion component of burnout.

    Source : Gregersen, Sabine, Vincent-Höper, Sylvie, & Nienhaus, Albert. (2016). Work & Stress. Prépublication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02678373.2016.1249440

  • Much is known and reported about sharps injuries in registered nurses, but there has been a lack of published evidence regarding sharps injuries within the student nurse population. The purpose of this review was to discover the impact of sharps injuries in the student nurse population. A systematic review of nursing, health and psychology databases was conducted. The limits set were publications between 1980 and 2014 in the English language. This review highlight the potential psychological issues that can result from sharps injuries in this population.

    Source : Hambridge, Kevin, Nichols, Andrews, & Endacott, Ruth. (2016). BJN : British Journal of Nursing, 25(19), 1064-1071. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2016.25.19.1064

  • Moral distress among nurses compromises their ability to provide optimal patient care and may cause them to leave their job. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency, intensity and level of moral distress perceived by nurses working in medical, surgical and intensive care units. The results showed that highest level of moral distress was associated with the provision of treatments and aggressive care that were not expected to benefit the patients and the competency of the health-care providers. Nurses working in medical settings, nurses with lower levels of experience working in medical, surgical or intensive care settings, and nurses who intend to leave their job experienced the highest levels of moral distress.

    Source : Lusignani, Maura, Lorellla, Maria, Re, Luca Gioseppe, & Buffon, Maria Luisa. (2016). Journal of Nursing Management. Prépublication. DOI: 10.1111/jonm.12431

  • Collaborative learning models were designed to support quality improvements, such as innovation implementation by promoting communication within organizational teams. Yet the effect of collaborative learning approaches on organizational team communication during implementation is untested. The aim of this study was to explore change in communication patterns within teams from children’s mental health organizations during a year-long learning collaborative focused on implementing a new treatment. We adopt a social network perspective to examine intraorganizational communication within each team and assess change in (a) the frequency of communication among team members, (b) communication across organizational hierarchies, and (c) the overall structure of team communication networks.

    Source : Bunger, Alicia C., & Lengnick-Hall, Rebecca. (2016). Health care Management Review. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/HMR.0000000000000120

  • Incivility has negative consequences in the workplace and remains a prevalent issue in nursing. Research has consistently linked incivility to nurse burnout and, in turn, to poor mental health and turnover intentions. To retain high-quality nurses, it is important to understand what factors might protect nurses from the negative effects of workplace mistreatment. The aim of the study was to investigate the role of relational occupational coping self-efficacy in protecting nurses from workplace incivility and related burnout and turnover intentions.

    Source : Fida, Roberta, Laschinger, Heather K. Spence, & Leiter, Michael P. (2016). Health Care Management Review. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/HMR.0000000000000126

  • Occupational stress is a major modern health and safety challenges. While the ED is known to be a high-pressure environment, the specific organisational stressors which affect ED staff have not been established. The authors conducted a systematic review of literature examining the sources of organisational stress in the ED, their link to adverse health outcomes and interventions designed to address them. A narrative review of contextual factors that may contribute to occupational stress was also performed. All articles written in English, French or Spanish were eligible for conclusion.

    Source : Basu, Subhashis, Qayyum, Hasan, & Mason, Suzanne. (2016). Emergency Medical Journal, Prépublication. doi:10.1136/emermed-2016-205827

  • Faut-il se préoccuper du nombre important de changements dans le réseau de la santé? Y en a-t-il trop en même temps? Vit-on de l’excès de changements? Et si poser la question c’était aussi donner la réponse… Que savons-nous sur la capacité des personnes à vivre un grand nombre de changements en même temps? Y a-t-il un seuil critique de fatigue face aux changements? Si oui, quel serait-il et comment le mesurer?

    Source : Johnson, Kevin, J., & Bareil, Céline. (6 ooctobre 2016). Y a-t-il trop de changements dans le réseau de la santé et des services sociaux? [Billet de blogue]. Revue Gestion. Repéré à http://www.revuegestion.ca/informer/y-a-t-de-changements-reseau-de-sante-services-sociaux/?utm_source=referral&utm_medium=lickstats&utm_campaign=css1016&utm_term=pistesdaction&cid=5808cc95d1dd3dee66e4a062

  • L’article précédent « Y a-t-il trop de changements dans le réseau de la santé et des services sociaux? » proposait une réponse à savoir s’il y a trop de changement dans le réseau de la santé et des services sociaux. Maintenant, il ne suffit pas seulement de diagnostiquer ces trois niveaux d’intensité (fréquence, étendue, impact), mais de mesurer leur retombées négatives en terme de santé au travail et de performance en changement selon les contextes des établissements, des équipes en place et des initiatives transformationnelles. Dans les travaux de recherche-intervention des auteurs, c’est par ce croisement diagnostique qu’ils aboutissent à certaines recommandations managériales et stratégiques. Ils vous proposent ici de tirer les pistes d’actions générales en lien avec les effets de saturation de changement liés 1) au rythme, 2) à l’étendue et 3) à l’impact perçu des changements par le personnel.

    Source : Johnson, Kevin, J., & Bareil, Céline. (7 octobre 2016). Quelles sont les pistes d’action face à une potentielle surcharge de changements dans le réseau de la santé? [Billet de blogue]. Revue Gestion. Repéré à http://www.revuegestion.ca/informer/pistes-daction-face-a-potentielle-surcharge-de-changements-reseau/

  • Your social links with your co-workers could have a significant impact on your health, researchers say. « We are less burnt out and have greater well-being when our team and our organization provide us with a sense of belonging and community — when it gives us a sense of ‘we-ness,’  » said lead researcher Niklas Steffens, of the University of Queensland, Australia. Steffens and colleagues analyzed 58 studies that included more than 19,000 employed people in 15 countries. They found that how strongly people identified with their work colleagues or organization was associated with better health and a lower risk of burnout. The findings were published recently in the Journal Personality and Social Psychology Review.

    Source : Preidt, Robert. (October 5, 2016). Love Your Co-workers? It Could Boost Your Health. [Billet de blogue] MedlinePlus. Repéré à https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_161331.html

  • Physician burnout has reached epidemic levels, as documented in national studies of both physicians in training and practising physicians. The consequences are negative effects on patient care, professionalism, physicians’ own care and safety, and the viability of health-care systems. A more complete understanding than at present of the quality and outcomes of the literature on approaches to prevent and reduce burnout is necessary. The literature indicates that both individual-focused and structural or organisational strategies can result in clinically meaningful reductions in burnout among physicians. Further research is needed to establish which interventions are most effective in specific populations, as well as how individual and organisational solutions might be combined to deliver even greater improvements in physician wellbeing than those achieved with individual solutions.

    Source : West, Colin P., Dyrbye, Liselotte N., Erwin, Patricia J., & Shanafelt, Tait D. (2016). The Lancet. Prépublication. Repéré à http://www.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lancet/PIIS0140-6736(16)31279-X.pdf

  • Incivil behaviors at work—put-downs, sarcasm, and other condescending comments—tend to have a contagious effect, according to a new study by a management professor at the University of Arkansas and several colleagues. Incivil behaviors are less serious than openly hostile behavior such as bullying, harassment, and threats, but incivil behaviors are also more frequent in the workplace and have a significant effect on employees, the study found.

    Source : University of Arkansas. (October, 17 2016). In the Workplace, Incivility Begets Incivility, New Study Shows. [Billet de blogue]. Lab Manager. Repéré à http://www.labmanager.com/management-tips/2016/10/in-the-workplace-incivility-begets-incivility-new-study-shows?fw1pk=2#.WAjed-DhAdU

SERVICE D’ONCOLOGIE

SERVICE DES URGENCES

  • Occupational stress is a major modern health and safety challenges. While the ED is known to be a high-pressure environment, the specific organisational stressors which affect ED staff have not been established. The authors conducted a systematic review of literature examining the sources of organisational stress in the ED, their link to adverse health outcomes and interventions designed to address them. A narrative review of contextual factors that may contribute to occupational stress was also performed. All articles written in English, French or Spanish were eligible for conclusion.

    Source : Basu, Subhashis, Qayyum, Hasan, & Mason, Suzanne. (2016). Emergency Medical Journal, Prépublication. doi:10.1136/emermed-2016-205827

SERVICES À DOMICILE

  • When home care and hospice staff are asked when and why they would wear personal protective equipment (PPE), they typically report it is worn to protect themselves from a patient’s bllod or body fluids. The chemicals in the disinfectant pose a health risk to the person using them that is often overlooked and staff are not routinely aware of actions to take in the home if they are inadvertently exposed to them.

    Source : McGoldrick, Mary. (2016). Home Healthcare Now, 34(9), 523.doi: 10.1097/NHH.0000000000000458

  • Home health-care workers’ occupational injury rates in the USA are higher than the national average, yet research on causative exposures and hazards is limited. The purpose of this study was to identify occupational exposures for home health-care nurses and aides. A majority of the sample was over 40 years old and obese, potentially increasing injury risks. Home health-care nurses performed more clinical tasks, increasing exposure to blood-borne pathogens. Home health-care aides performed more physical tasks with risk for occupational musculoskeletal injuries. They also dispensed oral medications and anti-cancer medications, and were exposed to drug residue at a frequency comparable to home health-care nurses. Both groups were exposed to occupational second-hand smoke.

    Source : Hittle, Beverly, Agbonifo, Noma, Suarez, Rassull, & Ballard, Tangela. (2016). Journal of Nursing Management. Prépublication. DOI: 10.1111/jonm.12408

SOINS INTENSIFS

STATISTIQUES EN SST

  • Le rapport de la deuxième édition de l’Enquête québécoise sur la santé de la population, réalisée en 2014-2015, dresse un portrait statistique à l’échelle provinciale de certains aspects de la santé des Québécois de 15 ans et plus vivant dans un logement non institutionnel. Il touche aux habitudes de vie et aux comportements préventifs ou à risque, à l’état de santé physique et mentale, à la santé environnementale et à la santé au travail, et permet de suivre l’évolution d’un certain nombre d’indicateurs depuis la première édition de l’enquête menée en 2008. Les données ont été recueillies auprès de 45 760 personnes dans 17 régions sociosanitaires. Tout en étant utiles à l’élaboration, à l’amélioration et au suivi des programmes, les résultats permettent d’informer les Québécois de leur état de santé et d’alimenter les réflexions visant à améliorer celui-ci.

    Source : Camirand, Hélène, TRAORÉ, Issouf, & BAULNE, Jimmy (2016). L’Enquête québécoise sur la santé de la population, 2014-2015: pour en savoir plus sur la santé des Québécois. Résultats de la deuxième édition. Québec : Institut de la statistique du Québec, 208 p. Repéré à http://www.stat.gouv.qc.ca/statistiques/sante/etat-sante/sante-globale/sante-quebecois-2014-2015.pdf

TENUE VESTIMENTAIRE

  • In the name of patient safety, we have heard calls for « bare below the elbows » care in hospital wards, and now the American College of Surgeons (ACS) is strongly urging surgical workers to drop the common practice of wearing scrubs in public. « Many different healthcare providers — surgeons, anesthesiologists, CRNAs, laboratory technicians, aides — wear scrubs in the OR setting, » the ACS stated in a recently issued policy. « The ACS strongly suggests that scrubs should not be worn outside the perimeter of the hospital by any healthcare provider. To facilitate enforcement of this guideline for OR personnel, the ACS suggests the adoption of distinctive, colored scrub suits for the operating room personnel. »

    Source : Surgical Group Calls for No Scrubs Beyond the Hospital. (November 2016). Hospital Employee Health, 35(11), 130-131. Repéré à https://www.ahcmedia.com/articles/138851

TRAVAIL DE BUREAU

  • La chose semble si évidente, le lien si fort, qu’il paraît inutile de se questionner à ce propos. Si, d’instinct, nous concevons aisément que la présence de végétaux dans le lieu de travail ne peut qu’être positive, la perception rejoint-elle la réalité à ce chapitre? De prime abord, on doit signaler que la relation entre la présence de plantes vertes et certains éléments reliés à la productivité des employés (absentéisme, climat de travail, stress, etc.) a déjà fait l’objet de nombreuses études par le passé. Toutefois, comme le font valoir Tina Bringslimark, Terry Hartig et Grete Grindal Patil, la très grande majorité de ces dernières ont été réalisées dans des environnements contrôlés. On peut donc s’interroger à juste titre sur la représentativité de ces études. Qu’en est-il dans la réalité des quatre murs de nos bureaux?

    Source : Normandin, François. (3 octobre 2016). Dans la jungle de nos bureaux. [Billet de blogue]. Revue Gestion. Repéré à http://www.revuegestion.ca/decouvrir/dans-la-jungle-de-nos-bureaux/?utm_source=wysija&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=dans_gestion_cette_semaine

  • Office workers spend a large proportion of their working hours sitting. This may contribute to an increased risk of chronic disease and premature mortality. While there is growing interest in workplace interventions targeting prolonged sitting, few qualitative studies have explored workers’ perceptions of reducing occupational sitting outside of an intervention context. This study explored barriers to reducing office workplace sitting, and the feasibility and acceptability of strategies targeting prolonged sitting in this context.

    Source : Hadgraft, Nyssa T., Brakenridge, Charlotte L., LaMontagne, Anthony D., Fjeldsoe, Brianna S., Lynch, Brigid M., Dunstan, David W.,… Lawler, Sheleigh P. (2016). BMC Public Health. 16:933. DOI: 10.1186/s12889-016-3611-y

  • In Canada, upper extremity MSDs and low-back pain are the leading causes of disabling work-related injuries. While there is general agreement that work hazards (such as repetitive, awkward and static postures, heavy loads, vibration, low job control and poor social support) can contribute to the development of upper extremity MSDs, there is less agreement on the most appropriate ways to reduce or eliminate these hazards. This systematic review, an update of another conducted about 10 years ago, sets out to find occupational health and safety (OHS) interventions that effectively prevent and manage upper extremity MSDs.

    Source : Institute for Work & Health. (2016). Toronto : IWH, [4] p. Repéré à http://www.iwh.on.ca/system/files/sbe/sbe-ue-msd-final_1.pdf

  • Rest breaks are effective in avoiding an accumulation of fatigue during work. However, little is known about individual differences in rest-break behavior. The present paper presents findings from two studies addressing the effects of the employee’s intention to have rest breaks on rest-break frequency and the change of well-being during a workday.

    Source : Blasche, Gerhard, Pasalic, Sanja, Bauböck, Verena, Maria, Haluza, Daniela, & Schoberberger, Rudolf. (2016). Human Factors. Prépublication. doi: 10.1177/0018720816671605

TRAVAIL EN ÉQUIPE

  • Collaborative learning models were designed to support quality improvements, such as innovation implementation by promoting communication within organizational teams. Yet the effect of collaborative learning approaches on organizational team communication during implementation is untested. The aim of this study was to explore change in communication patterns within teams from children’s mental health organizations during a year-long learning collaborative focused on implementing a new treatment. We adopt a social network perspective to examine intraorganizational communication within each team and assess change in (a) the frequency of communication among team members, (b) communication across organizational hierarchies, and (c) the overall structure of team communication networks.

    Source : Bunger, Alicia C., & Lengnick-Hall, Rebecca. (2016). Health care Management Review. Prépublication. doi: 10.1097/HMR.0000000000000120

  • Although many studies link teamwork in health care settings to patient safety, evidence linking teamwork to hospital worker safety is lacking. This study addresses this gap by providing evidence linking teamwork perceptions in hospital workers to worker injuries, and further, finds a linkage between manager commitment to safety and teamwork. Organizational records of worker injuries and survey responses regarding management commitment to safety and teamwork from 446 hospital workers within 42 work units in a multi-site hospital system were examined. Results underscored the particular importance of teamwork on worker injuries as well as the importance of management commitment to safety as relating to teamwork. To improve worker safety, organizational leaders and unit managers should work to maintain environments wherein teamwork can thrive.

    Source : McGonagle, Alyssa K., Essenmacher, Lynnette, Hamblin, Lydia, Luborsky, Mark, Upfal, Mark, & Arnetz, Judith. (2016). Journal of Hospital Administration, 5(6), 46-52. DOI: 10.5430/jha.v5n6p46

TRAVAIL EN HAUTEUR

  • Ce projet de règlement vise à assurer la santé, la sécurité et l’intégrité physique des travailleurs en modifiant les dispositions du Règlement sur la santé et la sécurité du travail (chapitre S-2.1, r. 13) concernant les échelles portatives et les escabeaux utilisés dans un établissement. Il y est question notamment du remplacement de la conformité à la norme CAN3-Z11-M81 par la norme Échelles portaives CSA Z11, des conditions d’utilisation, des utilisations prohibées et des mesures de sécurité.

    Source : Québec (28 septembre 2016). Projet de Règlement modifiant le Règlement sur la santé et la sécurité du travail. Gazette officielle du Québec, parite 2 : lois et règlements, 148(39), 5521-5522. Repéré à http://www2.publicationsduquebec.gouv.qc.ca/dynamicSearch/telecharge.php?type=1&file=65541.pdf

Pour consulter l’analyse d’impact réglementaire :

http://www.csst.qc.ca/lois_reglements_normes_politiques/Documents/AIR_echelle-escabeau.pdf

TRAVAIL EN LABORATOIRE

TRAVAIL SÉDENTAIRE

  • Office workers spend a large proportion of their working hours sitting. This may contribute to an increased risk of chronic disease and premature mortality. While there is growing interest in workplace interventions targeting prolonged sitting, few qualitative studies have explored workers’ perceptions of reducing occupational sitting outside of an intervention context. This study explored barriers to reducing office workplace sitting, and the feasibility and acceptability of strategies targeting prolonged sitting in this context.

    Source : Hadgraft, Nyssa T., Brakenridge, Charlotte L., LaMontagne, Anthony D., Fjeldsoe, Brianna S., Lynch, Brigid M., Dunstan, David W.,… Lawler, Sheleigh P. (2016). BMC Public Health. 16:933. DOI: 10.1186/s12889-016-3611-y

TROUBLES MUSCULOSQUELETTIQUES (TMS)